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Université de Neuchâtel

Statistical metrics for the characterization of karst network geometry and topology

Collon, P ; Bernasconi, D ; Vuilleumier, C ; Renard, Philippe

In: Geomorphology, 2017, vol. 283, p. 122-142

Statistical metrics can be used to analyse the morphology of natural or simulated karst systems; they allow describing, comparing, and quantifying their geometry and topology. In this paper, we present and discuss a set of such metrics. We study their properties and their usefulness based on a set of more than 30 karstic networks mapped by speleologists. The data set includes some of the largest...

Université de Fribourg

Counting calories in Drosophila diet restriction

Min, Kyung-Jin ; Flatt, Thomas ; Kulaots, Indrek ; Tatar, Marc

In: Experimental Gerontology, 2006, vol. 42, no. 3, p. 247-251

The extension of life span by diet restriction in Drosophila has been argued to occur without limiting calories. Here we directly measure the calories assimilated by flies when maintained on full- and restricted-diets. We find that caloric intake is reduced on all diets that extend life span. Flies on low-yeast diet are long-lived and consume about half the calories of flies on high-yeast diets,...

Université de Fribourg

Reproductive and post-reproductive life history of wild-caught Drosophila melanogaster under laboratory conditions

Klepsatel, P. ; Gáliková, M. ; De Maio, N. ; Ricci, S. ; Schlötterer, C. ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 2013, vol. 26, no. 7, p. 1508–1520

The life history of the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) is well understood, but fitness components are rarely measured by following single individuals over their lifetime, thereby limiting insights into lifetime reproductive success, reproductive senescence and post‐reproductive lifespan. Moreover, most studies have examined long‐ established laboratory strains rather than freshly...

Université de Fribourg

A test of positive suggestions about side effects as a way of enhancing the analgesic response to NSAIDs

Fernandez, Aurore ; Kirsch, Irving ; Noël, Louis ; Rodondi, Pierre Yves ; Kaptchuk, Ted J. ; Suter, Marc R. ; Décosterd, Isabelle ; Berna, Chantal

In: PLOS ONE, 2019, vol. 14, no. 1, p. e0209851

Side effects are frequent in pharmacological pain management, potentially preceding analgesia and limiting drug tolerability. Discussing side effects is part of informed consent, yet can favor nocebo effects. This study aimed to test whether a positive suggestion regarding side effects, which could act as reminders of the medication having been absorbed, might favor analgesia in a clinical...

Université de Fribourg

Cyclostratigraphy of shallow-marine carbonates – limitations and opportunities

Strasser, André

In: Stratigraphy & Timescales, 2018, vol. 3, p. 151–187

The sedimentary record of ancient shallow-marine carbonate platforms commonly displays a stacking of different facies, which reflects repetitive changes of depositional environments through time. These changes can be induced by external factors such as cyclical changes in climate and/or sea level, but also by internal factors such as lateral migration of sediment bodies and/or changes in the...

Université de Fribourg

La Formation du Grand Essert (Jura franco-suisse; Valanginien supérieur p.p. à Hauterivien supérieur basal) = The Grand Essert Formation (French-Swiss Jura Mountains; late Valanginian p.p. to earliest late Hauterivian)

Strasser, André ; Clavel, Bernard ; Monteil, Eric ; Charollais, Jean ; Piuz, André ; Mastransgelo, Bruno

In: Archives des Sciences, 2018, vol. 70, p. 205-282

Le terme de Formation du Grand Essert a été proposé en 2016 pour remplacer ceux de « Marnes d’Hauterive » auct. et « Pierre jaune de Neuchâtel » auct. attribués à l’« Hauterivien » auct. dans le Jura franco-suisse. L’objet de cette note est, dans un premier temps, de décrire et d’interpréter la lithologie de la coupe-type représentative de cette nouvelle formation,...

Université de Fribourg

Theory of photoinduced ultrafast switching to a spin-orbital ordered hidden phase

Li, Jiajun ; Strand, Hugo U.R. ; Werner, Philipp ; Eckstein, Martin

In: Nature Communications, 2018, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 4581

Photo-induced hidden phases are often observed in materials with intertwined orders. Understanding the formation of these non-thermal phases is challenging and requires a resolution of the cooperative interplay between different orders on the ultra-short timescale. In this work, we demonstrate that non-equilibrium photo-excitations can induce a state with spin-orbital orders entirely...

Université de Fribourg

Spin-freezing and the Sachdev-Ye model

Werner, Philipp ; Kim, Aaram J. ; Hoshino, Shintaro

In: EPL (Europhysics Letters), 2018, vol. 124, no. 5, p. 57002

Spin-freezing is the origin of bad-metal physics and non-Fermi liquid (non-FL) properties in a broad range of correlated compounds. In a multi-orbital lattice system with Hund coupling, doping of the half-filled Mott insulator results in a highly incoherent metal with frozen magnetic moments. These moments fluctuate and collapse in a crossover region that is characterized by unusual non-Fermi...

Université de Fribourg

Emotional Inertia and Interpersonal Adaptation in Intimate Relationships

Luginbühl, Tamara ; Schöbi, Dominik (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2018.

Emotions are not static but fluctuate over time as a function of contextual changes (Kuppens, Allen, & Sheeber, 2010). This temporal feature of emotions is considered in the concept of emotional inertia, which reflects the degree to which emotions are resistant to change over time (Kuppens et al., 2010). Several studies suggest an association between emotional inertia and psychological...

Université de Fribourg

Evolution of longevity improves immunity in Drosophila

Fabian, Daniel K. ; Garschall, Kathrin ; Klepsatel, Peter ; Santos-Matos, Gonçalo ; Sucena, Élio ; Kapun, Martin ; Lemaitre, Bruno ; Schlötterer, Christian ; Arking, Robert ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Evolution Letters, 2018, vol. 2, no. 6, p. 567–579

Much has been learned about the genetics of aging from studies in model organisms, but still little is known about naturally occurring alleles that contribute to variation in longevity. For example, analysis of mutants and transgenes has identified insulin signaling as a major regulator of longevity, yet whether standing variation in this pathway underlies microevolutionary changes in...