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Université de Fribourg

Archaeometric analyses of european 18th–20th century white earthenware—a review

Maggetti, Marino

In: Minerals, 2018, vol. 8, no. 7, p. 269

This study provides an overview of the few archaeometric analyses of European white earthenwares from England, France, Italy, Slovenia, and Switzerland. White earthenwares were an extremely successful mass-product between ca. 1750 and 1900. They became “the porcelain of the poor man” and replaced the older traditional pottery such as faïence. The invention of this new ceramic type took...

Université de Fribourg

A model based two-stage classifier for airborne particles analyzed with Computer Controlled Scanning Electron Microscopy

Meier, Mario Federico ; Mildenberger, Thoralf ; Locher, René ; Rausch, Juanita ; Zünd, Thomas ; Neururer, Christoph ; Ruckstuhl, Andreas ; Grobéty, Bernard

In: Journal of Aerosol Science, 2018, vol. 123, p. 1–16

Computer controlled scanning electron microscopy (CCSEM) is a widely-used method for single airborne particle analysis. It produces extensive chemical and morphological data sets, whose processing and interpretation can be very time consuming. We propose an automated two-stage particle classification procedure based on elemental compositions of individual particles. A rule-based classifier is...

Université de Fribourg

Biological response of an in vitro human 3D lung cell model exposed to brake wear debris varies based on brake pad formulation

Barosova, Hana ; Chortarea, Savvina ; Peikertova, Pavlina ; J. D. Clift, Martin ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Kukutschova, Jana ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Archives of Toxicology, 2018, vol. 92, no. 7, p. 2339–2351

Wear particles from automotive friction brake pads of various sizes, morphology, and chemical composition are significant contributors towards particulate matter. Knowledge concerning the potential adverse effects following inhalation exposure to brake wear debris is limited. Our aim was, therefore, to generate brake wear particles released from commercial low-metallic and non-asbestos organic...