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Université de Fribourg

Transition from light diffusion to localization in three-dimensional amorphous dielectric networks near the band edge

Haberko, Jakub ; Froufe-Pérez, Luis S. ; Scheffold, Frank

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 4867

AbstractLocalization of light is the photon analog of electron localization in disordered lattices, for whose discovery Anderson received the Nobel prize in 1977. The question about its existence in open three-dimensional materials has eluded an experimental and full theoretical verification for decades. Here we study numerically electromagnetic vector wave transmittance through realistic...

Université de Fribourg

Ultrafast coupled charge and spin dynamics in strongly correlated NiO

Gillmeister, Konrad ; Golež, Denis ; Chiang, Cheng-Tien ; Bittner, Nikolaj ; Pavlyukh, Yaroslav ; Berakdar, Jamal ; Werner, Philipp ; Widdra, Wolf

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 4095

Charge excitations across an electronic band gap play an important role in opto- electronics and light harvesting. In contrast to conventional semiconductors, studies of above-band-gap photoexcitations in strongly correlated materials are still in their infancy. Here we reveal the ultrafast dynamics controlled by Hund’s physics in strongly correlated photoexcited NiO. By combining...

Université de Fribourg

High-harmonic generation in spin-orbit coupled systems

Lysne, Markus ; Murakami, Yuta ; Schüler, Michael ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 102, no. 8, p. 081121

We study high-harmonic generation in two-dimensional electron systems with Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling and derive harmonic generation selection rules with the help of group theory. Based on the band structures of these minimal models and explicit simulations we reveal how the spin-orbit parameters control the cutoff energy in the high-harmonic spectrum. We also show that the...

Université de Fribourg

Mapping the unoccupied state dispersions in ${\mathrm{Ta}}_{2}{\mathrm{NiSe}}_{5}$ with resonant inelastic x-ray scattering

Monney, Claude ; Herzog, Marc ; Pulkkinen, Aki ; Huang, Y. ; Pelliciari, Jonathan ; Olalde-Velasco, P. ; Katayama, Naoyuk ; Nohara, Minoru ; Takagi, Hide ; Schmitt, Thorsten ; Mizokawa, Takashi

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 102, no. 8, p. 085148

The transition metal chalcogenide Ta2NiSe5 undergoes a second-order phase transition at Tc=328K involving a small lattice distortion. Below Tc, a band gap at the center of its Brillouin zone increases up to about 0.35 eV. In this work, we study the electronic structure of Ta2NiSe5 in its low-temperature semiconducting phase, using resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) at the Ni L3 edge....

Université de Fribourg

A systematic review and meta-analysis on neural adaptations following blood flow restriction training: what we know and what we don’t know

Centner, Christoph ; Lauber, Benedikt

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2020, vol. 11, p. -

Objective: To summarize the existing evidence on the long-term effects of low-load (LL) blood flow restricted (BFR) exercise on neural markers including both central and peripheral adaptations.Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. The literature search was performed independently by two reviewers in the following electronic databases:...

Université de Fribourg

Unconventional free charge in the correlated semimetal Nd2Ir2O7

Wang, K. ; Xu, Bing ; Rischau, C. W. ; Bachar, N. ; Michon, B. ; Teyssier, J. ; Qiu, Y. ; Ohtsuki, T. ; Cheng, Bing ; Armitage, N. P. ; Nakatsuji, S. ; van der Marel, D.

In: Nature Physics, 2020, p. -

Nd2Ir2O7 is a correlated semimetal with the pyrochlore structure, in which competing spin–orbit coupling and electron–electron interactions are believed to induce a time- reversal symmetry-broken Weyl semimetal phase characterized by pairs of topologically protected Dirac points at the Fermi energy1,2,3,4. However, the emergent properties in these materials are far from clear, and exotic...

Université de Fribourg

Resonance raman optical activity shows unusual structural sensitivity for systems in resonance with multiple excited states: vitamin B12 case

Machalska, Ewa ; Zajac, Grzegorz ; Gruca, Anna ; Zobi, Fabio ; Baranska, Malgorzata ; Kaczor, Agnieszka

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2020, vol. 11, no. 13, p. 5037–5043

In this work, cobalamins with different upper axial substituents and a cobalamin derivative with a ring modification were studied using chiroptical spectroscopies, in particular resonance Raman optical activity (RROA), to shed light on the influence of structural modifications on RROA spectra in these strongly chiral systems in resonance with multiple excited states at 532 nm excitation. We...

Université de Fribourg

Signatures of bosonic excitations in high-harmonic spectra of Mott insulators

Lysne, Markus ; Murakami, Yuta ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 19, p. 195139

The high-harmonic spectrum of the Mott insulating Hubbard model has recently been shown to exhibit plateau structures with cutoff energies determined by nth-nearest- neighbor doublon-holon recombination processes. The spectrum thus allows one to extract the on-site repulsion U. Here, we consider generalizations of the single-band Hubbard model and discuss the signatures of bosonic excitations...

Université de Fribourg

Adsorption-induced kondo effect in metal-free phthalocyanine on Ag(111)

Granet, J. ; Sicot, M. ; Gerber, I. C. ; Kremer, Geoffroy ; Pierron, T. ; Kierren, B. ; Moreau, L. ; Fagot-Revurat, Y. ; Lamare, S. ; Chérioux, F. ; Malterre, D.

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2020, vol. 124, no. 19, p. 10441–10452

We report on the formation of a two-dimensional supramolecular Kondo lattice made of organic molecules comprising only C, N, and H atoms, namely metal-free phthalocyanines 2HPc (C32H18N8), adsorbed on a Ag(111) surface. Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (LT-STM/STS), ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), and density functional theory (DFT) are used to...

Université de Fribourg

Superconductivity-induced transverse plasma mode and phonon anomaly in the $c$-axis response of the bilayer compound ${\mathrm{RbCa}}_{2}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{4}{\mathrm{As}}_{4}{\mathrm{F}}_{2}$

Xu, Bing ; Munzar, Dominik ; Dubroka, Adam ; Sheveleva, Evgeniia ; Lyzwa, Fryderyk ; Maršík, Premysl ; Wang, C. N. ; Wang, Z. C. ; Cao, G. H. ; Bernhard, Christian

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 21, p. 214512

We studied the infrared response of polycrystalline samples of the iron arsenide superconductor (Rb,Cs)Ca2Fe4As4F2 (Rb,Cs-12442), which has a bilayer structure similar to the high-Tc cuprates YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) and Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8. The c-axis reflectivity spectra Rc have been derived from the reflectivity spectra of the polycrystalline samples Rpoly and the in-plane spectrum of a corresponding...