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Università della Svizzera italiana

Division of labor among oxidoreductases : TMX1 preferentially acts on transmembrane polypeptides

Brambilla Pisoni, Giorgia ; Ruddock, Lloyd W. ; Bulleid, Neil ; Molinari, Maurizio

In: Molecular biology of the cell, 2015, vol. 26, no. 19, p. 3373-3556

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the site of maturation for secretory and membrane proteins in eukaryotic cells. The lumen of the mammalian ER contains >20 members of the protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) superfamily, which ensure formation of the correct set of intramolecular and intermolecular disulfide bonds as crucial, rate-limiting reactions of the protein folding process. Components of...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Influenza hemagglutinin membrane anchor

Benton, Donald J. ; Nans, Andrea ; Calder, Lesley J. ; Turner, Jack ; Neu, Ursula ; Lin, Yi Pu ; Ketelaars, Esther ; Kallewaard, Nicole L. ; Corti, Davide ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Gamblin, Steven J. ; Rosenthal, Peter B. ; Skehel, John J.

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2018, vol. 115, no. 40, p. 10112-10117

Viruses with membranes fuse them with cellular membranes, to transfer their genomes into cells at the beginning of infection. For Influenza virus, the membrane glycoprotein involved in fusion is the hemagglutinin (HA), the 3D structure of which is known from X-ray crystallographic studies. The soluble ectodomain fragments used in these studies lacked the “membrane anchor” portion of the...

Université de Fribourg

Life-history evolution and the polyphenic regulation of somatic maintenance and survival

Flatt, Thomas ; Amdam, Gro V. ; Kirkwood, Thomas B. L. ; Omholt, Stig W.

In: The Quarterly Review of Biology, 2013, vol. 88, no. 3, p. 185–218

Here we discuss life-history evolution from the perspective of adaptive phenotypic plasticity, with a focus on polyphenisms for somatic maintenance and survival. Polyphenisms are adaptive discrete alternative phenotypes that develop in response to changes in the environment. We suggest that dauer larval diapause and its associated adult phenotypes in the nematode (Caenorhabditis elegans),...

Université de Fribourg

Remote sensing of cropping practice in Northern Italy using time-series from Sentinel-2

Ottosen, Thor-Bjørn ; Lommen, Suzanne T.E. ; Skjøth, Carsten Ambelas

In: Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 2019, vol. 157, p. 232–238

Maps of cropping practice, including the level of weed infestation, are useful planning tools e.g. for the assessment of the environmental impact of the crops, and Northern Italy is an important example due to the large and diverse agricultural production and the high weed infestation. Sentinel-2A is a new satellite with a high spatial and temporal resolution which potentially allows the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Activin-A co-opts IRF4 and AhR signaling to induce human regulatory T cells that restrain asthmatic responses

Tousa, Sofia ; Semitekolou, Maria ; Morianos, Ioannis ; Banos, Aggelos ; Trochoutsou, Aikaterini I. ; Brodie, Tess M. ; Poulos, Nikolaos ; Samitas, Konstantinos ; Kapasa, Maria ; Konstantopoulos, Dimitris ; Paraskevopoulos, Giannis ; Gaga, Mina ; Hawrylowicz, Catherine M. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Xanthou, Georgina

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2017, vol. 114, no. 14, p. E2891-E2900

Type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells play a pivotal role in restraining human T-cell responses toward environmental allergens and protecting against allergic diseases. Still, the precise molecular cues that underlie their transcriptional and functional specification remain elusive. Here, we show that the cytokine activin-A instructs the generation of CD4+ T cells that express the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Molecular dynamics simulations with replica-averaged structural restraints generate structural ensembles according to the maximum entropy principle

Cavalli, Andrea ; Camilloni, Carlo ; Vendruscolo, Michele

In: The journal of chemical physics, 2013, vol. 138, no. 9, p. 094112

In order to characterise the dynamics of proteins, a well-established method is to incorporate experimental parameters as replica-averaged structural restraints into molecular dynamics simulations. Here, we justify this approach in the case of interproton distance information provided by nuclear Overhauser effects by showing that it generates ensembles of conformations according to the maximum...

Université de Fribourg

Litter decomposition driven by soil fauna, plant diversity and soil management in urban gardens

Tresch, Simon ; Frey, David ; Le Bayon, Renée-Claire ; Zanettac, Andrea ; Rasche, Frank ; Fliessbach, Andreas ; Moretti, Marco

In: Science of The Total Environment, 2019, vol. 658, p. 1614–1629

In the face of growing urban densification, green spaces in cities, such as gardens, are increasingly important for biodiversity and ecosystem services. However, the influences of urban green space management on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF) relationships is poorly understood. We investigated the relationship between soil fauna and litter decomposition in 170 urban garden sites...

Université de Fribourg

Complexities in financial network topological dynamics: modeling of emerging and developed stock markets

Tang, Yong ; Xiong, Jason Jie ; Jia, Zi-Yang ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Complexity, 2018, p. -

Policy makings and regulations of financial markets rely on a good understanding of the complexity of financial markets. There have been recent advances in applying data-driven science and network theory into the studies of social and financial systems. Financial assets and institutions are strongly connected and influence each other. It is essential to study how the topological structures of...

Université de Fribourg

Emotional Inertia and Interpersonal Adaptation in Intimate Relationships

Luginbühl, Tamara ; Schöbi, Dominik (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2018.

Emotions are not static but fluctuate over time as a function of contextual changes (Kuppens, Allen, & Sheeber, 2010). This temporal feature of emotions is considered in the concept of emotional inertia, which reflects the degree to which emotions are resistant to change over time (Kuppens et al., 2010). Several studies suggest an association between emotional inertia and psychological...

Université de Neuchâtel

Respiratory physiology and anthropophilic behavioural traits of the main malaria vector "Anopheles gambiae" Giles (Diptera: Culicidae)

Frei, Jérôme ; Guerin, Patrick (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

La vie adulte des moustiques est marquée par la répétition de séquences comportementales incluant: la recherche d’un partenaire sexuel, la recherche de ressources (repas sanguin sur un hôte ou sucre d’origine végétale) et la recherche d’un site de ponte ; ces séquences comportementales étant intercalées de périodes plus ou moins longues de repos. L’entreprise de l’un ou...