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Université de Fribourg

How do the global stock markets influence one another? Evidence from finance big data and Granger causality directed network

Tang, Yong ; Xiong, Jason Jie ; Luo, Yong ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 2019, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 85–109

The recent financial network analysis approach reveals that the topologies of financial markets have an important influence on market dynamics. However, the majority of existing Finance Big Data networks are built as undirected networks without information on the influence directions among prices. Rather than understanding the correlations, this research applies the Granger causality test to...

Haute Ecole de Gestion & Tourisme

User-oriented intuitive web interface for SanTour

Lerto, Mikko ; Cotting, Alexandre (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute Ecole de Gestion & Tourisme, 2018.

The purpose of this research is to create an intuitive user-interface for a hiking application while considering the needs of people with physical and mental limitations. SanTour is a hiking application designed for people with physical or mental limitations. These limitations can for example be the fear of heights or reduced mobility in the knees. The latest version of SanTour at the time of...

Université de Fribourg

Economic complexity based recommendation enhance the efficiency of the belt and road initiative

Liao, Hao ; Huang, Xiao-Min ; Vidmer, Alexandre ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng ; Zhou, Ming-Yang

In: Entropy, 2018, vol. 20, no. 9, p. 718

The Belt and Road initiative (BRI) was announced in 2013 by the Chinese government. Its goal is to promote the cooperation between European and Asian countries, as well as enhancing the trust between members and unifying the market. Since its creation, more and more developing countries are joining the initiative. Based on the geographical location characteristics of the countries in this...

Université de Fribourg

Complexities in financial network topological dynamics: modeling of emerging and developed stock markets

Tang, Yong ; Xiong, Jason Jie ; Jia, Zi-Yang ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Complexity, 2018, p. -

Policy makings and regulations of financial markets rely on a good understanding of the complexity of financial markets. There have been recent advances in applying data-driven science and network theory into the studies of social and financial systems. Financial assets and institutions are strongly connected and influence each other. It is essential to study how the topological structures of...

Université de Fribourg

Competition may increase social utility in bipartite matching problem

Kong, Yi-Xiu ; Yuan, Guang-Hui ; Zhou, Lei ; Wu, Rui-Jie ; Shi, Gui-Yuan

In: Complexity, 2018, p. -

Bipartite matching problem is to study two disjoint groups of agents who need to be matched pairwise. It can be applied to many real-world scenarios and explain many social phenomena. In this article, we study the effect of competition on bipartite matching problem by introducing conformity into the preference structure. The results show that a certain amount of competition can improve the...

Université de Fribourg

Link prediction in bipartite nested networks

Medo, Matúš ; Mariani, Manuel Sebastian ; Lü, Linyuan

In: Entropy, 2018, vol. 20, no. 10, p. 777

Real networks typically studied in various research fields—ecology and economic complexity, for example—often exhibit a nested topology, which means that the neighborhoods of high-degree nodes tend to include the neighborhoods of low-degree nodes. Focusing on nested networks, we study the problem of link prediction in complex networks, which aims at identifying likely candidates for...

Université de Fribourg

Influencers identification in complex networks through reaction-diffusion dynamics

Iannelli, Flavio ; Mariani, Manuel S. ; Sokolov, Igor M.

In: Physical Review E, 2018, vol. 98, no. 6, p. 062302

A pivotal idea in network science, marketing research, and innovation diffusion theories is that a small group of nodes—called influencers—have the largest impact on social contagion and epidemic processes in networks. Despite the long-standing interest in the influencers identification problem in socioeconomic and biological networks, there is not yet agreement on which is the best...

Université de Fribourg

Empirical paths to the spread of information in location-based social networks

Zhou, Ming-Yang ; Xiong, Wen-Man ; Liao, Hao ; Wang, Tong ; Wei, Zong-Wen

In: Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, 2018, vol. 2018, no. 12, p. 123404

Spreading phenomena in complex networks have attracted much attention in recent years. However, most of the previous works only concern the critical thresholds and final states of the spread. In this paper, we investigate the empirical spreading paths in real location-based networks and find an abnormal phenomenon that the transferring probability of an epidemic between users varies with...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Tracking public opinion on social media

Giachanou, Anastasia ; Crestani, Fabio (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2018 ; 2018INFO016.

The increasing popularity of social media has changed the web from a static repository of information into a dynamic forum with continuously changing information. Social media platforms has given the capability to people expressing and sharing their thoughts and opinions on the web in a very simple way. The so-called User Generated Content is a good source of users opinion and mining it can be...

Université de Neuchâtel

Measurement of the linewidth enhancement factor of singlemode room temperature continuous wave quantum cascade lasers

Aellen, Thierry ; Aebi, Philipp (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2008.

L'invention des sources lasers en 1960 a conduit à un bon nombre d'applications qui ont un impact répandu dans tous les aspects de notre votre vie actuelle, citons notamment l'exemple des hôpitaux, de l'industrie ou simplement dans notre lieu de vie. Les derniers développements sont en particulier issus des compacts, très efficace et populaires lasers semiconducteurs qui sont simplement...