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Université de Fribourg

Host range and Specificity of the Drosophila C Virus

Kapun, Martin ; Nolte, Viola ; Flatt, Thomas ; Schlötterer, Christian

In: PLoS ONE, 2010, vol. 5, no. 8, p. 1-5

Background: The Drosophila C virus (DCV) is a common and well-studied Drosophila pathogen. Although natural infections are known from Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans, and artificial infections have been reported from several. Drosophila species and other insects, it remains unclear to date whether DCV infections also occur naturally in other Drosophila species. Methods/Principal Findings:...

Université de Neuchâtel

Metaproteomics and ultrastructure characterization of Komagataeibacter spp. involved in high-acid spirit vinegar production

Andrés-Barrao, Cristina ; Saad, Maged M ; Cabello Ferrete, Elena ; Bravo, Daniel ; Chappuis, Marie-Luise ; Ortega Pérez, Ruben ; Junier, Pilar ; Perret, Xavier ; Barja, François

In: Food Microbiology, 2016, vol. 55, p. 112-122

Acetic acid bacteria (AAB) are widespread microorganisms in nature, extensively used in food industry to transform alcohols and sugar alcohols into their corresponding organic acids. Specialized strains are used in the production of vinegar through the oxidative transformation of ethanol into acetic acid. The main AAB involved in the production of high-acid vinegars using the submerged...

Université de Fribourg

Inference of chromosomal inversion dynamics from Pool-Seq data in natural and laboratory populations of Drosophila melanogaster

Kapun, Martin ; van Schalkwyk, Hester ; McAllister, Bryant ; Flatt, Thomas ; Schlötterer, Christian

In: Molecular Ecology, 2014, vol. 23, no. 7, p. 1813–1827

Sequencing of pools of individuals (Pool‐Seq) represents a reliable and cost‐effective approach for estimating genome‐wide SNP and transposable element insertion frequencies. However, Pool‐Seq does not provide direct information on haplotypes so that, for example, obtaining inversion frequencies has not been possible until now. Here, we have developed a new set of diagnostic marker...

Université de Fribourg

Reproductive and post-reproductive life history of wild-caught Drosophila melanogaster under laboratory conditions

Klepsatel, P. ; Gáliková, M. ; De Maio, N. ; Ricci, S. ; Schlötterer, C. ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 2013, vol. 26, no. 7, p. 1508–1520

The life history of the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) is well understood, but fitness components are rarely measured by following single individuals over their lifetime, thereby limiting insights into lifetime reproductive success, reproductive senescence and post‐reproductive lifespan. Moreover, most studies have examined long‐ established laboratory strains rather than freshly...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Immunological consequences of intragenus conservation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis T-cell epitopes

Lindestam Arlehamn, Cecilia S. ; Paul, Sinu ; Mele, Federico ; Huang, Charlie ; Greenbaum, Jason A. ; Vita, Randi ; Sidney, John ; Peters, Bjoern ; Sallusto, Federica ; Sette, Alessandro

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2015, vol. 112, no. 2, p. E147-E155

A previous unbiased genome-wide analysis of CD4 Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) recognition using peripheral blood mononuclear cells from individuals with latent MTB infection (LTBI) or nonexposed healthy controls (HCs) revealed that certain MTB sequences were unexpectedly recognized by HCs. In the present study, it was found that, based on their pattern of reactivity, epitopes could be...

Université de Fribourg

Increased temperature disrupts the biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationship

Parain, Elodie C. ; Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Gray, Sarah M. ; Bersier, Louis-Félix

In: The American Naturalist, 2018, vol. 193, no. 2, p. 227–239

Gaining knowledge of how ecosystems provide essential services to humans is of primary importance, especially with the current threat of climate change. Yet little is known about how increased temperature will impact the biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (BEF) relationship. We tackled this subject theoretically and experimentally. We developed a BEF theory based on mechanistic population ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Mitochondrial dysfunction induced by a SH2 domain-targeting STAT3 inhibitor leads to metabolic synthetic lethality in cancer cells

Genini, Davide ; Brambilla, Lara ; Laurini, Erik ; Merulla, Jessica ; Civenni, Gianluca ; Pandit, Shusil ; D'Antuono, Rocco ; Perez, Laurent ; Levy, David E. ; Pricl, Sabrina ; Carbone, Giuseppina M. ; Catapano, Carlo V.

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2017, vol. 114, no. 25, p. E4924-E4933

In addition to its canonical role in nuclear transcription, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is emerging as an important regulator of mitochondrial function. Here, we demonstrate that a novel inhibitor that binds with high affinity to the STAT3 SH2 domain triggers a complex cascade of events initiated by interference with mitochondrial STAT3 (mSTAT3). The...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Within-host evolution results in antigenically distinct GII.4 noroviruses

Debbink, Kari ; Lindesmith, Lisa C. ; Ferris, Martin T. ; Swanstrom, Jesica ; Beltramello, Martina ; Corti, Davide ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Baric, Ralph S.

In: Journal of virology, 2014, vol. 88, no. 13, p. 7244–7255

Genogroup II, genotype 4 (GII.4) noroviruses are known to rapidly evolve, with the emergence of a new primary strain every 2 to 4 years as herd immunity to the previously circulating strain is overcome. Because viral genetic diversity is higher in chronic than in acute infection, chronically infected immunocompromised people have been hypothesized to be a potential source for new epidemic...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Proteome-wide analysis of HIV-specific naive and memory CD4+ T cells in unexposed blood donors

Campion, Suzanne L. ; Brodie, Tess M. ; Fischer, William ; Korber, Bette T. ; Rossetti, Astrea ; Goonetilleke, Nilu ; McMichael, Andrew J. ; Sallusto, Federica

In: Journal of experimental medicine, 2014, vol. 211, no. 7, p. 1273-1280

The preexisting HIV-1–specific T cell repertoire must influence both the immunodominance of T cells after infection and immunogenicity of vaccines. We directly compared two methods for measuring the preexisting CD4+ T cell repertoire in healthy HIV-1–negative volunteers, the HLA-peptide tetramer enrichment and T cell library technique, and show high concordance (r = 0.989). Using the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Chemical stresses fail to mimic the unfolded protein response resulting from luminal load with unfolded polypeptides

Bergmann, Timothy J. ; Fregno, Ilaria ; Fumagalli, Fiorenza ; Rinaldi, Andrea ; Bertoni, Francesco ; Boersema, Paul J. ; Picotti, Paola ; Molinari, Maurizio

In: Journal of biological chemistry, 2018, vol. 293, no. 15, p. 5600-5612

The stress sensors ATF6, IRE1, and PERK monitor deviations from homeostatic conditions in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), a protein biogenesis compartment of eukaryotic cells. Their activation elicits unfolded protein responses (UPR) to reestablish proteostasis. UPR have been extensively investigated in cells exposed to chemicals that activate ER stress sensors by perturbing calcium, N-glycans,...