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Université de Fribourg

Surround inhibition in the primary motor cortex is task-specifically modulated in non-professional musicians but not in healthy controls during real piano playing

Márquez, Gonzalo ; Keller, Martin ; Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Neuroscience, 2018, vol. 373, p. 106–112

Research has indicated that at the onset of a finger movement, unwanted contractions of adjacent muscles are prevented by inhibiting the cortical areas representing these muscles. This so-called surround inhibition (SI) seems relevant for the performance of selective finger movements but may not be necessary for tasks involving functional coupling between different finger muscles. Therefore,...

Université de Fribourg

Modulation of inhibitory control by prefrontal anodal tDCS: A crossover double-blind sham-controlled fMRI study

Sallard, Etienne ; Mouthon, Michael ; De Pretto, Michael ; Spierer, Lucas

In: PLOS ONE, 2018, vol. 13, no. 3, p. e0194936

Prefrontal anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed as a potential approach to improve inhibitory control performance. The functional consequences of tDCS during inhibition tasks remain, however, largely unresolved. We addressed this question by analyzing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recorded while participants completed a Go/NoGo task after...

Université de Fribourg

Complete genome sequencing of Acinetobacter baumannii str. K50 disclosed the large conjugative plasmid pK50a encoding the carbapenemase OXA-23 and the extended-spectrum β–lactamase GES-11

Wibberg, Daniel ; Salto, Ileana P. ; Eikmeyer, Felix G. ; Maus, Irena ; Winkler, Anika ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Pühler, Alfred ; Poirel, Laurent ; Schlüter, Andreas

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2018, p. AAC.00212-18

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii strains appeared as serious emerging nosocomial pathogens in clinical environments and especially in intensive care units (ICUs). A. baumannii strain K50 recovered from a hospitalized patient in Kuwait exhibited resistance to carbapenems, and additionally to ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, sulfonamides, amikacin and gentamicin. Genome...

Université de Fribourg

Behavioral and electrophysiological signatures of word translation processes

Jost, Lea B. ; Radman, Narges ; A.Buetler, Karin ; Annoni, Jean-Marie

In: Neuropsychologia, 2018, vol. 109, p. 245–254

Translation is a demanding process during which a message is analyzed, translated and communicated from one language to another. Despite numerous studies on translation mechanisms, the electrophysiological processes underlying translation with overt production remain largely unexplored. Here, we investigated how behavioral response patterns and spatial-temporal brain dynamics differ in a...

Université de Fribourg

LearningQ: a large-scale dataset for educational question generation

Chen, Guanliang ; Yang, Jie ; Hauff, Claudia ; Houben, Geert-Jan

In: AAAI 2018: Conference on Artificial Intelligence; New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

Université de Fribourg

Developing Foram-AMBI for biomonitoring in the Mediterranean: Species assignments to ecological categories

Shahzad, Khurram ; Betzler, Christian ; Ahmed, Nadeem ; Qayyum, Farrukh ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; Qadir, Anwar

In: Marine Micropaleontology, 2018, vol. 140, p. 33–45

Based on high-resolution seismic and well datasets, this paper examines the evolution and drowning history of a Paleocene–Eocene carbonate platform in the Offshore Indus Basin of Pakistan. This study uses the internal seismic architecture, well log data as well as the microfauna to reconstruct factors that governed the carbonate platform growth and demise. Carbonates dominated by larger...

Université de Fribourg

Developing Foram-AMBI for biomonitoring in the Mediterranean: Species assignments to ecological categories

Jorissen, Frans ; Nardelli, Maria Pia ; Almogi-Labin, Ahuva ; Barras, Christine ; Bergamin, Luisa ; Bicchia, Erica ; El Kateb, Akram ; Ferraro, Luciana ; Gann, Mary Mc ; Morigi, Caterina ; Romano, Elena ; Sabbatini, Anna ; Schweizer, Magali ; Spezzaferri, Silvia

In: Marine Micropaleontology, 2018, vol. 140, p. 33–45

Most environmental bio-monitoring methods using the species composition of marine faunas define the Ecological Quality Status of soft bottom ecosystems based on the relative proportions of species assigned to a limited number of ecological categories. In this study we analyse the distribution patterns of benthic foraminifera in the Mediterranean as a function of organic carbon gradients on...

Université de Fribourg

Global-scale hydrological response to future glacier mass loss

Huss, Matthias ; Hock, Regine

In: Nature Climate Change, 2018, vol. 8, no. 2, p. 135–140

Worldwide glacier retreat and associated future runoff changes raise major concerns over the sustainability of global water resources1,2,3,4, but global-scale assessments of glacier decline and the resulting hydrological consequences are scarce5,6. Here we compute global glacier runoff changes for 56 large-scale glacierized drainage basins to 2100 and analyse the glacial impact on streamflow....

Université de Fribourg

The European mountain cryosphere: a review of its current state, trends, and future challenges

Beniston, Martin ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Stoffel, Markus ; Andreassen, Liss M. ; Coppola, Erika ; Eckert, Nicolas ; Fantini, Adriano ; Giacona, Florie ; Hauck, Christian ; Huss, Matthias ; Huwald, Hendrik ; Lehning, Michael ; López-Moreno, Juan-Ignacio ; Magnusson, Jan ; Marty, Christoph ; Morán-Tejéda, Enrique ; Morin, Samuel ; Naaim, Mohamed ; Provenzale, Antonello ; Rabatel, Antoine ; Six, Delphine ; Stötter, Johann ; Strasser, Ulrich ; Terzago, Silvia ; Vincent, Christian

In: The Cryosphere, 2018, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 759–794

The mountain cryosphere of mainland Europe is recognized to have important impacts on a range of environmental processes. In this paper, we provide an overview on the current knowledge on snow, glacier, and permafrost processes, as well as their past, current, and future evolution. We additionally provide an assessment of current cryosphere research in Europe and point to the different...

Université de Neuchâtel

Toward an Executive Origin for Acquired Phonological Dyslexia: A Case of Specific Deficit of Context-Sensitive Grapheme-to-Phoneme Conversion Rules

Auclair-Ouellet, Noémie ; Fossard, Marion ; St-Pierre Catherine ; Macoir, Joël

In: Behavioural Neurology, 2013, vol. 26, p. 171-173

Phonological dyslexia is a written language disorder characterized by poor reading of nonwords when compared with relatively preserved ability in reading real words. In this study, we report the case of FG, a 74-year-old man with phonological dyslexia. The nature and origin of his reading impairment were assessed using tasks involving activation and explicit manipulation of phonological...