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Université de Fribourg

Carbon nanodots: Opportunities and limitations to study their biodistribution at the human lung epithelial tissue barrier

Durantie, Estelle ; Barosova, Hana ; Drasler, Barbara ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Urban, Dominic A. ; Vanhecke, Dimitri ; Septiadi, Dedy ; Hirschi-Ackermann, Liliane ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Biointerphases, 2018, vol. 13, no. 6, p. 06D404

Inhalation of combustion-derived ultrafine particles (≤0.1 μm) has been found to be associated with pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. However, correlation of the physicochemical properties of carbon-based particles such as surface charge and agglomeration state with adverse health effects has not yet been established, mainly due to limitations related to the detection of carbon...

Université de Fribourg

An emerging system to study photosymbiosis, brain regeneration, chronobiology, and behavior: the marine acoel symsagittifera roscoffensis

Arboleda, Enrique ; Hartenstein, Volker ; Martinez, Pedro ; Reichert, Heinrich ; Sen, Sonia ; Sprecher, Simon ; Bailly, Xavier

In: BioEssays, 2018, vol. 40, no. 10, p. 1800107

The acoel worm Symsagittifera roscoffensis, an early offshoot of the Bilateria and the only well-studied marine acoel that lives in a photosymbiotic relationship, exhibits a centralized nervous system, brain regeneration, and a wide repertoire of complex behaviors such as circatidal rhythmicity, photo/geotaxis, and social interactions. While this animal can be collected by the thousands and...

Université de Fribourg

Horizons in the evolution of aging

Flatt, Thomas ; Partridge, Linda

In: BMC Biology, 2018, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 93

Between the 1930s and 50s, evolutionary biologists developed a successful theory of why organisms age, firmly rooted in population genetic principles. By the 1980s the evolution of aging had a secure experimental basis. Since the force of selection declines with age, aging evolves due to mutation accumulation or a benefit to fitness early in life. Here we review major insights and challenges...

Université de Neuchâtel

Ethnic discrimination in the Swiss labour market - Ethnic hierarchies in correspondence test results

Zschirnt, Eva ; D'Amato, Gianni (Dir.) ; Bonoli, Giuliano (Codir.) ; Haagensen, Arnfinn (Codir.) ; Rich, Judy (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

Dans le cadre du projet individuel "Discrimination as an obstacle to social cohesion" du NCCR on the move, cette thèse porte sur la discrimination des minorités ethniques sur le marché du travail en Suisse. Étant donné que la discrimination n'est plus un phénomène ouvert et donc facilement observable, la recherche sur la discrimination, et en particulier sur la discrimination à...

Université de Neuchâtel

The conversion of family farms in Southland" : A case study for “rural futures: building adaptive management capability to deliver sustainable pastoral farm systems”

Forney, Jérémie

Project description This research on farm conversions in Southland is funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation as an independent project. It has joined the RURAL FUTURES project (a MSI funded programme) to serve as a case study of the social aspects involved in farmers’ decision-making. The aim of the research is to identify non-economic motivators to farm conversion....

Accès public à partir du 1 oct. 2020
Université de Neuchâtel

Does a good argument make a good answer? Argumentative reconstruction of children's justifications in a second order false belief task

Lombardi, Elisabetta ; Greco, Sara ; Massaro, Davide ; Schär, Rebecca ; Manzi, Federico ; Iannaccone, Antonio ; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly ; Marchetti, Antonella

In: Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 2018, vol. 18, p. 13-27

This paper proposes a novel approach to interpret the results of a classical second-order false belief task (the ice cream man task) administered to children in order to investigate their Theory of Mind. We adopted a dialogical perspective to study the adult-child discussion in this research setting. In particular, we see the adult-child conversation as an argumentative discussion in which...

Université de Neuchâtel

Ramsey spectroscopy in a Rubidium vapor cell and realization of an ultra-stable atomic clock

Gharavipour, Mohammadreza ; Mileti, Gaetano (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

Divers domaines d’application dans l’industrie, les télécommunications, la navigation et l’espace exigent des étalons de fréquence fiables, compacts et performants avec un niveau de stabilité de −14 à 105s (équivalent à <1 ns/jour). Avec la technologie des lasers à semi-conducteurs, la technique du pompage optique par laser a ouvert de nouveaux...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Path planning for mobile robots in the real world : handling multiple objectives, hierarchical structures and partial information

Guzzi, Jérôme ; Gambardella, Luca Maria (Dir.) ; Giusti, Alessandro (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2018 ; 2018INFO010.

Autonomous robots in real-world environments face a number of challenges even to accomplish apparently simple tasks like moving to a given location. We present four realistic scenarios in which robot navigation takes into account partial information, hierarchical structures, and multiple objectives. We start by discussing navigation in indoor environments shared with people, where routes are...

Université de Fribourg

Revealing in-block nestedness: Detection and benchmarking

Solé-Ribalta, Albert ; Tessone, Claudio J. ; Mariani, Manuel S. ; Borge-Holthoefer, Javier

In: Physical Review E, 2018, vol. 97, no. 6, p. 062302

As new instances of nested organization—beyond ecological networks—are discovered, scholars are debating the coexistence of two apparently incompatible macroscale architectures: nestedness and modularity. The discussion is far from being solved, mainly for two reasons. First, nestedness and modularity appear to emerge from two contradictory dynamics, cooperation and competition. Second, ...

Université de Fribourg

Hypersatellite x-ray decay of $3d$ hollow-$K$-shell atoms produced by heavy-ion impact

Maillard, Yves-Patrick ; Dousse, Jean-Claude ; Hoszowska, Joanna ; Berset, Michel ; Mauron, Olivier ; Raboud, Pierre-Alexandre ; Kavčič, Matjaz ; Rzadkiewicz, J. ; Banaś, Dariusz ; Tökési, K.

In: Physical Review A, 2018, vol. 98, no. 1, p. 012705

We report on the radiative decay of double K-shell vacancy states produced in solid Ca, V, Fe, and Cu targets by impact with about 10 MeV/amu C and Ne ions. The resulting K hypersatellite x-ray emission spectra were measured by means of high- energy-resolution spectroscopy using a von Hamos bent crystal spectrometer. The experiment was carried out at the Philips variable energy cyclotron of...