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Université de Fribourg

The reproducibility of SfM algorithms to produce detailed Digital Surface Models: the example of PhotoScan applied to a high-alpine rock glacier

Hendrickx, Hanne ; Vivero, Sebastián ; Cock, Laure De ; De Wit, Bart ; De Maeyer, Philippe ; Lambiel, Christophe ; Delaloye, Reynald ; Nyssen, Jan ; Frankl, Amaury

In: Remote Sensing Letters, 2019, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 11–20

In geomorphology, PhotoScan is a software that is used to produce Digital Surface Models (DSMs). It constructs 3D environments from 2D imagery (often taken by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)) based on Structure-from-Motion (SfM) and Multi- View Stereo (MVS) principles. However, unpublished computer-vision algorithms used, contain random elements which can affect the accuracy of the outputs. For...

Haute Ecole de Gestion & Tourisme

Analysis, design, and implementation of an infrastructure-less situation awareness application

Bonvin, Flavien ; Bocchi, Yann (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute Ecole de Gestion & Tourisme, 2018.

This work aims to implement an application based on opportunistic communication. It must be operational in a disaster situation when the cellular network is not available. During this work, a first part was consecrated to the study of the several types of ad hoc networks and the various technologies related to them. This has served as a foundation for the study of ad hoc networks in...

Université de Fribourg

Microglia at center stage: a comprehensive review about the versatile and unique residential macrophages of the central nervous system

Lannes, Nils ; Eppler, Elisabeth ; Etemad, Samar ; Yotovski, Peter ; Filgueira, Luis

In: Oncotarget, 2017, vol. 8, no. 69, p. 114393–114413

Microglia cells are the unique residential macrophages of the central nervous system (CNS). They have a special origin, as they derive from the embryonic yolk sac and enter the developing CNS at a very early stage. They play an important role during CNS development and adult homeostasis. They have a major contribution to adult neurogenesis and neuroinflammation. Thus, they participate in the...

Université de Fribourg

Revealing the pseudogap in ${\mathrm{Sr}}_{3}{({\mathrm{Ru}}_{0.985}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{0.015})}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{7}$ by optical spectroscopy

Ban, W. J. ; Xu, Bing ; Li, W. H. ; Wang, Y. ; Ge, J. J. ; Li, P. G. ; Yang, R. ; Dai, Y. M. ; Mao, Z. Q. ; Xiao, H.

In: Physical Review B, 2018, vol. 98, no. 20, p. 205111

We report resistivity, magnetization, and optical spectroscopy study on single-crystal sample of Sr3(Ru0.985Fe0.015 )2O7. An upturn is observed in resistivity at about 30 K. Below 30 K, the dip in resistivity R(ω), the suppression in scattering rate 1/τ (ω), the peaklike feature in optical conductivity σ1(ω), and the remainder of spectral weight all suggest the formation of a pseudogap....

Université de Fribourg

Characterization of the global network of optical magnetometers to search for exotic physics (GNOME)

Afach, S. ; Budker, D. ; Camp, G. De ; Dumont, V. ; Grujić, Zoran Dragan ; Guo, H. ; Jackson Kimball, D. F. ; Kornack, T. W. ; Lebedev, Victor ; Li, W. ; Masia-Roig, H. ; Nix, S. ; Padniuk, M. ; Palm, C. A. ; Pankow, C. ; Penaflor, A. ; Peng, X. ; Pustelny, Simon ; Scholtes, Theo ; Smiga, J. A. ; Stalnaker, J. E. ; Weis, Antoine ; Wickenbrock, A. ; Wurm, D.

In: Physics of the Dark Universe, 2018, vol. 22, p. 162–180

The Global Network of Optical Magnetometers to search for Exotic physics (GNOME) is a network of geographically separated, time-synchronized, optically pumped atomic magnetometers that is being used to search for correlated transient signals heralding exotic physics. The GNOME is sensitive to nuclear- and electron-spin couplings to exotic fields from astrophysical sources such as compact...

Université de Fribourg

Tunable 2D binary colloidal alloys for soft nanotemplating

Fernández-Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel ; Elnathan, Roey ; Ditcovski, Ran ; Grillo, Fabio ; Conley, Gaurasundar Marc ; Timpu, Flavia ; Rauh, Astrid ; Geisel, Karen ; Ellenbogen, Tal ; Grange, Rachel ; Scheffold, Frank ; Karg, Matthias ; Richtering, Walter ; Voelcker, Nicolas H. ; Isa, Lucio

In: Nanoscale, 2018, vol. 10, no. 47, p. 22189–22195

The realization of non-close-packed nanoscale patterns with multiple feature sizes and length scales via colloidal self-assembly is a highly challenging task. We demonstrate here the creation of a variety of tunable particle arrays by harnessing the sequential self-assembly and deposition of two differently sized microgel particles at the fluid–fluid interface. The two-step process is...

Université de Fribourg

Rapid multiplex polymerase chain reaction for detection of mcr-1 to mcr-5 genes

Lescata, Mathilde ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 2018, vol. 92, no. 4, p. 267–269

A rapid (total time <2 h) and reliable multiplex polymerase chain reaction for screening of mcr-1 to mcr-5 genes conferring resistance to colistin has been developed. This technique has been tested on a collection of isolates previously identified as bearing mcr-1, mcr-2, and mcr-like genes and had a sensitivity and a specificity of 100%. Using this method, we were also able to identify a...

Université de Fribourg

Performances of the rapid polymyxin Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas tests for colistin susceptibility testing

Lescat, Mathilde ; Poirel, Laurent ; Jayol, Aurélie ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Microbial Drug Resistance, 2018, p. -

Owing to the emergence of colistin resistance in nonfermenting Gram negative bacteria, reliable and rapid techniques for testing colistin susceptibility are needed. We evaluated the performances of the Rapid Polymyxin Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas tests using a collection of Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates.Methods: Colistin susceptibility of A. baumannii...

Université de Fribourg

Expression pattern of delta-like 1 homolog in developing sympathetic neurons and chromaffin cells

El Faitwri, Tehani ; Huber, Katrin

In: Gene Expression Patterns, 2018, vol. 30, p. 49–54

Delta-like 1 homolog (DLK1) is a member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like family and an atypical notch ligand that is widely expressed during early mammalian development with putative functions in the regulation of cell differentiation and proliferation. During later stages of development, DLK1 is downregulated and becomes increasingly restricted to specific cell types, including...

Université de Fribourg

Downslope-shifting pockmarks: interplay between hydrocarbon leakage, sedimentations, currents and slope’s topography

Ho, Sutieng ; Imbert, Patrice ; Hovland, Martin ; Wetzel, Andreas ; Blouet, Jean-Philippe ; Carruthers, Daniel

In: International Journal of Earth Sciences, 2018, vol. 107, no. 8, p. 2907–2929

Pockmarks in Pliocene-Quaternary continental slope deposits offshore Angola show features related to: (1) fluid leakage craters that formed repeatedly, (2) authigenic methane-derived carbonates that indicate the (former) presence of hydrocarbons and (3) erosional–depositional structures that are clearly related to current activity. Depending on topography, the pockmarks show differing...