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Université de Fribourg

Self-avoiding walk on $\mathbb{Z}^{2}$ with Yang–Baxter weights: Universality of critical fugacity and 2-point function

Glazman, Alexander ; Manolescu, Ioan

In: Annales de l’Institut Henri Poincaré, Probabilités et Statistiques, 2020, vol. 56, no. 4, p. 2281–2300

We consider a self-avoiding walk model (SAW) on the faces of the square lattice Z2. This walk can traverse the same face twice, but crosses any edge at most once. The weight of a walk is a product of local weights: each square visited by the walk yields a weight that depends on the way the walk passes through it. The local weights are parametrised by angles θ∈[π3,2π3] and satisfy the...

Université de Fribourg

Inverting structures: from micelles via emulsions to internally self-assembled water and oil continuous nanocarriers

Glatter, Otto ; Salentinig, Stefan

In: Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, 2020, vol. 49, p. 82–93

Fluid-like colloidal structures are key components in nature's own functional materials and important for various applications. For instance, self-assembled structures are formed spontaneously by amphiphilic molecules in solvent, tailored by directional noncovalent intermolecular forces. These structures form the framework of cells defining their geometry and microenvironments for chemical...

Université de Fribourg

Responsive nanofibers with embedded hierarchical lipid self-assemblies

Tien, Nguyen D. ; Maurya, Anjani K. ; Fortunato, Giuseppino ; Rottmar, Markus ; Zboray, Robert ; Erni, Rolf ; Dommann, Alex ; Rossi, René M. ; Neels, Antonia ; Sadeghpour, Amin

In: Langmuir, 2020, vol. 36, no. 40, p. 11787–11797

We introduce the design and study of a hybrid electrospun membrane with a dedicated nanoscale structural hierarchy for controlled functions in the biomedical domain. The hybrid system comprises submicrometer-sized internally self-assembled lipid nanoparticles (ISAsomes or mesosomes) embedded into the electrospun membrane with a nanofibrous polymer network. The internal structure of ISAsomes, ...

Université de Fribourg

Shear stress-responsive polymersome nanoreactors inspired by the marine bioluminescence of dinoflagellates

Rifaie‐Graham, Omar ; Galensowske, Nikolas F. B. ; Dean, Charlie ; Pollard, Jonas ; Balog, Sandor ; Gouveia, Micael G. ; Chami, Mohamed ; Vian, Antoine ; Amstad, Esther ; Lattuada, Marco ; Bruns, Nico

In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2020, p. -

Some marine plankton called dinoflagellates emit light in response to the movement of surrounding water, resulting in a phenomenon called milky seas or sea sparkle. The underlying concept, a shear-stress induced permeabilisation of biocatalytic reaction compartments, is transferred to polymer-based nanoreactors. Amphiphilic block copolymers that carry nucleobases in their hydrophobic block...

Université de Fribourg

Adsorption-induced kondo effect in metal-free phthalocyanine on Ag(111)

Granet, J. ; Sicot, M. ; Gerber, I. C. ; Kremer, Geoffroy ; Pierron, T. ; Kierren, B. ; Moreau, L. ; Fagot-Revurat, Y. ; Lamare, S. ; Chérioux, F. ; Malterre, D.

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2020, vol. 124, no. 19, p. 10441–10452

We report on the formation of a two-dimensional supramolecular Kondo lattice made of organic molecules comprising only C, N, and H atoms, namely metal-free phthalocyanines 2HPc (C32H18N8), adsorbed on a Ag(111) surface. Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (LT-STM/STS), ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), and density functional theory (DFT) are used to...

Université de Fribourg

Self-assembly of glycerol monooleate with the antimicrobial peptide LL-37: a molecular dynamics study

Innocenti Malini, R. ; Zabara, M. ; Gontsarik, M. ; Maniura-Weber, K. ; Rossi, R. M. ; Spano, F. ; Salentinig, Stefan.

In: RSC Advances, 2020, vol. 10, no. 14, p. 8291–8302

Over the past decade, the rapid increase in the incidence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has promoted research towards alternative therapeutics such as antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), but their biodegradability limits their application. Encapsulation into nanocarriers based on the self-assembly of surfactant-like lipids is emerging as a promising strategy for the improvement of AMPs'...

Université de Fribourg

Resolution limit of taylor dispersion: an exact theoretical study

Taladriz-Blanco, Patricia ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Balog, Sandor

In: Analytical Chemistry, 2020, vol. 92, no. 1, p. 561–566

Taylor dispersion is a microfluidic analytical technique with a high dynamic range and therefore is suited well to measuring the hydrodynamic radius of small molecules, proteins, supramolecular complexes, macromolecules, nanoparticles and their self- assembly. Here we calculate an unaddressed yet fundamental property: the limit of resolution, which is defined as the smallest change in the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Virus-like particles and nanoparticles for vaccine development against HCMV

Perotti, Michela ; Perez, Laurent

In: Viruses, 2020, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 17 p

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infects more than 70% of the human population worldwide. HCMV is responsible for high morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients and remains the leading viral cause of congenital birth defects. Despite considerable efforts in vaccine and therapeutic development, HCMV infection still represents an unmet clinical need and a life-threatening disease in...

Université de Fribourg

Artificial phospholipids and their vesicles

Zumbuehl, Andreas

In: Langmuir, 2019, vol. 35, no. 32, p. 10223–10232

Phospholipids are at the heart and origin of life on this planet. The possibilities in terms of phospholipid self-assembly and biological functions seem limitless. Nonetheless, nature exploits only a small fraction of the available chemical space of phospholipids. Using chemical synthesis, artificial phospholipid structures become accessible, and the study of their biophysics may reveal...

Université de Fribourg

The influence of substituents on gelation and stacking order of oligoaramid – based supramolecular networks

Drechsler, Susanne ; Balog, Sandor ; Kilbinger, Andreas F. M. ; Casalini, Tommaso

In: Soft Matter, 2019, vol. 15, no. 36, p. 7250–7261

Self-assembly has proven to be a powerful tool for functional, smart materials such as hydrogels derived from low molecular weight compounds. However, the targeted design of functional gelators remains difficult. Here, we present a set of four Y-shaped aromatic amide tetramers with varying functionalities able to undergo different non- covalent interactions. These compounds were explored...