Université de Fribourg

Energy gap in the aetiology of body weight gain and obesity: a challenging concept with a complex evaluation and pitfalls

Schutz, Yves ; Byrne, N. M. ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Hills, A. P.

In: Obesity Facts, 2014, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 15–25

The concept of energy gap(s) is useful for understanding the consequence of a small daily, weekly, or monthly positive energy balance and the inconspicuous shift in weight gain ultimately leading to overweight and obesity. Energy gap is a dynamic concept: an initial positive energy gap incurred via an increase in energy intake (or a decrease in physical activity) is not constant, may fade out...