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Université de Fribourg

Oral contraceptive pill alters acute dietary protein‐induced thermogenesis in young women

Duhita, Maharani Retna ; Schutz, Yves ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L.

In: Obesity, 2017, vol. 25, no. 9, p. 1482–1485

Objective: There is much interest in the role of dietary protein for weight control. However, there remains a need to characterize individual determinants of the thermogenic effects of protein. This study aimed to investigate the influence of menstrual cycle phase and the combined, monophasic oral contraceptive pill on the thermogenic response to a standardized high-protein (HP) versus...

Université de Fribourg

How dieting makes the lean fatter: from a perspective of body composition autoregulation through adipostats and proteinstats awaiting discovery

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Jacquet, Jean ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves

In: Obesity Reviews, 2015, vol. 16, p. 25–35

Whether dieting makes people fatter has been a subject of considerable controversy over the past 30 years. More recent analysis of several prospective studies suggest, however, that it is dieting to lose weight in people who are in the healthy normal range of body weight, rather than in those who are overweight or obese, that most strongly and consistently predict future weight gain. This paper...

Université de Fribourg

Collateral fattening in body composition autoregulation: its determinants and significance for obesity predisposition

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L. ; Schutz, Yves

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2018, vol. 72, no. 5, p. 657–664

Collateral fattening refers to the process whereby excess fat is deposited as a result of the body’s attempt to counter a deficit in lean mass through overeating. Its demonstration and significance to weight regulation and obesity can be traced to work on energy budget strategies in growing mammals and birds, and to men recovering from experimental starvation. The cardinal features of...

Université de Fribourg

Passive and active roles of fat-free mass in the control of energy intake and body composition regulation

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Jacquet, Jean ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L ; Schutz, Yves

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2017, vol. 71, no. 3, p. 353–357

While putative feedback signals arising from adipose tissue are commonly assumed to provide the molecular links between the body’s long-term energy requirements and energy intake, the available evidence suggests that the lean body or fat-free mass (FFM) also plays a role in the drive to eat. A distinction must, however, be made between a ‘passive’ role of FFM in driving energy intake,...

Université de Fribourg

Isometric thermogenesis at rest and during movement: a neglected variable in energy expenditure and obesity predisposition

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves

In: Obesity Reviews, 2017, vol. 18, no. S1, p. 56–64

Isometric thermogenesis as applied to human energy expenditure refers to heat production resulting from increased muscle tension. While most physical activities consist of both dynamic and static (isometric) muscle actions, the isometric component is very often essential for the optimal performance of dynamic work given its role in coordinating posture during standing, walking and most...

Université de Fribourg

Adaptive thermogenesis in human body weight regulation: more of a concept than a measurable entity?

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Jacquet, Jean ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves

In: Obesity Reviews, 2012, vol. 13, no. S2, p. 105–121

According to Lavoisier, ‘Life is combustion’. But to what extent humans adapt to changes in food intake through adaptive thermogenesis – by turning down the rate of heat production during energy deficit (so as to conserve energy) or turning it up during overnutrition (so as to dissipate excess calories) – has been one of the most controversial issues in nutritional sciences over the past...

Université de Fribourg

European practical and patient-centred guidelines for adult obesity management in primary care

Durrer Schutz, D. ; Busetto, L. ; Dicker, D. ; Farpour-Lambert, N. ; Pryke, R. ; Toplak, H. ; Widmer, D. ; Yumuk, V. ; Schutz, Yves

In: Obesity Facts, 2019, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 40–66

The first contact for patients with obesity for any medical treatment or other issues is generally with General Practitioners (GPs). Therefore, given the complexity of the disease, continuing GPs’ education on obesity management is essential. This article aims to provide obesity management guidelines specifically tailored to GPs, favouring a practical patient-centred approach. The focus is...

Université de Fribourg

Reliability of low‐power cycling efficiency in energy expenditure phenotyping of inactive men and women

Fares, Elie-Jacques ; Isacco, Laurie ; Monnard, Cathriona R. ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Physiological Reports, 2017, vol. 5, no. 9, p. e13233

Standardized approaches to assess human energy expenditure (EE) are well defined at rest and at moderate to high‐intensity exercise, but not at light intensity physical activities energetically comparable with those of daily life (i.e., 1.5–4 times the resting EE, i.e., 1.5–4 METs). Our aim was to validate a graded exercise test for assessing the energy cost of low‐intensity dynamic...

Université de Fribourg

Energy expenditure and substrate oxidation in response to side-alternating whole body vibration across three commonly-used vibration frequencies

Fares, Elie-Jacques ; Charrière, Nathalie ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L.

In: PLOS ONE, 2016, vol. 11, no. 3, p. e0151552

There is increasing recognition about the importance of enhancing energy expenditure (EE) for weight control through increases in low-intensity physical activities comparable with daily life (1.5–4 METS). Whole-body vibration (WBV) increases EE modestly and could present both a useful adjuvant for obesity management and tool for metabolic phenotyping. However, it is unclear whether a...

Université de Fribourg

Impact des ultrasons diffus combinés au travail musculaire sur plaque vibrante sur la modification de la composition corporelle de femmes modérément obèses

Hafiz, S. ; Durrer, D. ; Schutz, Yves

In: Obésité, 2014, p. 1–7

Objectifs: Étudier les effets d’ultrasons diffus appliqués dans la région abdominale combinés au travail musculaire sur plaque vibrante chez des femmes obèses. Cette méthode a pour but d’accélérer la mobilisation de graisse du tissu adipeux abdominal.Méthodes: 40 femmes obèses sédentaires, âgées entre 18 et 55 ans, avec un IMC ≥ 30 kg/m2 et ≤ 40 kg/m2 ont été randomisées...