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Université de Fribourg

Multiscale community estimation based on temporary local balancing strategy

Zhou, Qiang ; Cai, Shi-Min ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: International Journal of Modern Physics C, 2020, vol. 31, no. 04, p. 2050056

Community division in complex networks has become one of the hot topics in the field of network science. Most of the methods developed based on network topology ignore the dynamic characteristics underlying the structure. By exploring the diffusion process in the network based on random walk, this paper sums up the general rule with temporal characteristics as a temporary local balancing...

Université de Fribourg

Signatures of bosonic excitations in high-harmonic spectra of Mott insulators

Lysne, Markus ; Murakami, Yuta ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 19, p. 195139

The high-harmonic spectrum of the Mott insulating Hubbard model has recently been shown to exhibit plateau structures with cutoff energies determined by nth-nearest- neighbor doublon-holon recombination processes. The spectrum thus allows one to extract the on-site repulsion U. Here, we consider generalizations of the single-band Hubbard model and discuss the signatures of bosonic excitations...

Université de Fribourg

Analysis method for detecting topological defect dark matter with a global magnetometer network

Masia-Roig, Hector ; A.Smiga, Joseph ; Budker, Dmitry ; Dumont, Vincent ; Gruji, Zoran ; Kim, Dongok ; Kimball, Derek F. Jackson ; Lebedev, Victor ; Monroy, Madeline ; Pustelny, Szymon ; Scholtes, Theo ; Segura, Perrin C. ; Semertzidi, Yannis K. ; Shin, Yun Chang ; Stalnaker, Jason E. ; Sulai, Ibrahim ; Weis, Antoine ; Wickenbrock, Arne

In: Physics of the Dark Universe, 2020, vol. 28, p. 100494

The Global Network of Optical Magnetometers for Exotic physics searches (GNOME) is a network of time-synchronized, geographically separated, optically pumped atomic magnetometers that is being used to search for correlated transient signals heralding exotic physics. GNOME is sensitive to exotic couplings of atomic spins to certain classes of dark matter candidates, such as axions. This work...

Université de Fribourg

Adsorption-induced kondo effect in metal-free phthalocyanine on Ag(111)

Granet, J. ; Sicot, M. ; Gerber, I. C. ; Kremer, Geoffroy ; Pierron, T. ; Kierren, B. ; Moreau, L. ; Fagot-Revurat, Y. ; Lamare, S. ; Chérioux, F. ; Malterre, D.

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2020, vol. 124, no. 19, p. 10441–10452

We report on the formation of a two-dimensional supramolecular Kondo lattice made of organic molecules comprising only C, N, and H atoms, namely metal-free phthalocyanines 2HPc (C32H18N8), adsorbed on a Ag(111) surface. Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (LT-STM/STS), ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), and density functional theory (DFT) are used to...

Université de Fribourg

Superconductivity-induced transverse plasma mode and phonon anomaly in the $c$-axis response of the bilayer compound ${\mathrm{RbCa}}_{2}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{4}{\mathrm{As}}_{4}{\mathrm{F}}_{2}$

Xu, Bing ; Munzar, Dominik ; Dubroka, Adam ; Sheveleva, Evgeniia ; Lyzwa, Fryderyk ; Maršík, Premysl ; Wang, C. N. ; Wang, Z. C. ; Cao, G. H. ; Bernhard, Christian

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 21, p. 214512

We studied the infrared response of polycrystalline samples of the iron arsenide superconductor (Rb,Cs)Ca2Fe4As4F2 (Rb,Cs-12442), which has a bilayer structure similar to the high-Tc cuprates YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) and Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8. The c-axis reflectivity spectra Rc have been derived from the reflectivity spectra of the polycrystalline samples Rpoly and the in-plane spectrum of a corresponding...

Université de Fribourg

Infrared spectroscopy study of the in-plane response of ${\mathrm{YBa}}_{2}{\mathrm{Cu}}_{3}{\mathrm{O}}_{6.6}$ in magnetic fields up to 30 Tesla

Lyzwa, Fryderyk ; Xu, Bing ; Maršík, Premysl ; Sheveleva, Evgeniia ; Crassee, I. ; Orlita, M. ; Bernhard, Christian

In: Physical Review Research, 2020, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 023218

With terahertz and infrared spectroscopy we studied the in-plane response of an underdoped, twinned YBa2Cu3O6.6 single crystal with Tc=58(1)K in high magnetic fields up to B=30 Tesla (T) applied along the c axis. Our goal was to investigate the field-induced suppression of superconductivity and to observe the signatures of the three-dimensional (3D) incommensurate copper charge density wave...

Université de Fribourg

The type I-E CRISPR-Cas system influences the acquisition of bla KPC-IncF plasmid in Klebsiella pneumonia

Zhou, Ying ; Tang, Yu ; Fu, Pan ; Tian, Dongxing ; Yu, Lianhua ; Huang, Yunkun ; Li, Gang ; Li, Meng ; Wang, Yong ; Yang, Zehua ; Xu, Xiaogang ; Yin, Zhe ; Zhou, Dongsheng ; Poirel, Laurent ; Jiang, Xiaofei

In: Emerging Microbes & Infections, 2020, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 1011–1022

Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-KP) have disseminated worldwide and emerged as major threats to public health. Of epidemiological significance, the international pandemic of KPC-KP is primarily associated with CG258 isolates and bla KPC-IncF plasmids. CRISPR-Cas system is an adaptive immune system that can hinder gene expansion driven by horizontal gene ...

Université de Fribourg

Study protocol for the ABERRANT study: antibiotic-induced disruption of the maternal and infant microbiome and adverse health outcomes — a prospective cohort study among children born at term

Volery, Maryse ; Scherz, Valentin ; Jakob, William ; Bandeira, Diane ; Deggim-Messmer, Vanessa ; Lauber-Biason, Anna ; Wildhaber, Johannes ; Falquet, Laurent ; Curtis, Nigel ; Zimmermann, Petra

In: BMJ Open, 2020, vol. 10, no. 6, p. e036275

Introduction: There is compositional overlap between the maternal intestinal microbiome, the breast milk microbiome and the infant oral and intestinal microbiome. Antibiotics cause profound changes in the microbiome. However, the effect of intrapartum and early-life antibiotics on the maternal intestinal and breast milk microbiome, and the infant oral and intestinal microbiome, and whether...

Université de Fribourg

Toward specific ways to combine ketamine and psychotherapy in treating depression

Hasler, Gregor

In: CNS Spectrums, 2020, vol. 25, no. 3, p. 445–447

In major depression, remission rate in response to monoaminergic antidepressant is around 50%. The lack of strong synergies between classical antidepressants and psychotherapy may be due to the molecular effects of classical antidepressants. They modulate synapses but they do not substantially influence synaptogenesis. They also increase brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). However, for...

Université de Fribourg

Increased anxiety after stimulation of the right inferior parietal lobe and the left orbitofrontal cortex

Grieder, Matthias ; Homan, Philipp ; Federspiel, Andrea ; Kiefer, Claus ; Hasler, Gregor

In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2020, vol. 11, p. -

Sustained anxiety is a key symptom of anxiety disorders and may be associated with neural activation in the right inferior parietal lobe (rIPL), particularly under unpredictable threat. This finding suggests a moderating role of the rIPL in sustained anxiety, which we tested in the current study. We applied cathodal or sham transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to the rIPL as a...