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Université de Neuchâtel

How many Migrants does the Swiss Pension System Need?

Milivinti, Alice

(nccr on the move ; 19)

The positive role exerted by migrants to decelerate the ageing population process of devel oped countries has been stressed by many studies. However, the actual number of migrants needed to sustain the pension systems and its effectiveness in the long-run often remains tacit. While assuming the increment of the retired population to be the only shock, this study un dertakes an accounting exercise...

Université de Neuchâtel

SWISSCIT Index on Citizenship Law in Swiss Cantons: Conceptualisation, Measurement, Aggregation

Arrighi, Jean-Thomas ; Piccoli, Lorenzo

(nccr on the move ; 18)

In the Swiss federal context, the acquisition of citizenship through ordinary naturalization, the enjoyment of electoral rights as a foreign resident, and the retention of the franchise as a Swiss citizen abroad is not uniformly defined through a single federal law but co-determined by the cantons. In this explanatory note, we introduce SWISSCIT, a set of indicators measuring how inclusive...

Université de Neuchâtel

The Privileged and Useful Migrant: An Evaluation of Changing Policy and Scholarly Approaches Towards High-skilled Migration

Hercog, Metka

(nccr on the move ; 16)

The purpose of this paper has been to examine the position of high-skilled migration within the contemporary migration debate in relation to the wider issue of who and what constitutes skilled migration. The paper reviews policy and scholarly approaches towards high-skilled migration within three main strands of research literature: immigration policy analysis, research on migrationdevelopment...

Université de Neuchâtel

Fast-Tracking Full Citizenship in the Context of the Swiss Integration Stage Model

Kurt, Stefanie

(nccr on the move ; 15)

In 2014, the Federal Assembly adopted the new Swiss Citizenship Act, which will enter into force on the 1st of January 2018. One of the missions of this Act is to align the pre-conditions for Swiss Citizenship with the Swiss integration stage model, a controversial move by the Federal Assembly that tightens the rules for access to citizenship and consequently narrows the space of cantonal...

Université de Neuchâtel

The Determinants of Naturalization in Switzerland between 2010 and 2012

Wanner, Philippe ; Loretan, Alicia

(nccr on the move ; 13)

Naturalization is an important phenomenon for countries, not only because of its implications (it grants duties and rights to new citizens) but also because of its policy-sensitive aspect. In Switzerland, it is also a complex phenomenon because of the diversity of procedures at the canton and commune levels. Knowledge of the determinants of naturalization is still lacking. In this context, this...

Université de Neuchâtel

State’s Discretion and the Challenge of Irregular Migration – the Example of Permanent Regularization Practices in Spain and Switzerland

Della Torrel, Lucia

(nccr on the move ; 12)

In the heated debate around irregular migration, the so-called regularization measures represent one of the main bones of contention – presented by some as the only possible solution to irregular presences and contested by others as rewards for illicit behaviour. Despite their many differences, such measures have a common core – discretion. They are, in fact, gracious concessions of the State...

Université de Neuchâtel

Language Roulette – The Effect of Random Placement on Refugees’ Labour Market Integration

Auer, Daniel

(nccr on the move ; 11)

The labour market integration of refugees represents a key challenge for policy makers and has emerged as one of the most divisive topics in public debate. European countries have been pressured to establish fair and transparent methods of placing asylum seekers among the European states and into different regions within their national borders. In this paper, I highlight the unsurprising yet...

Université de Neuchâtel

Left out by the State, Taken in by the Region? Explaining the Regional Variation of Healthcare Rights for Undocumented Migrants in Italy, Spain, and Switzerland

Piccoli, Lorenzo

(nccr on the move ; 10)

The interaction of norms of democratic inclusion in multi-level states might lead to divergent ideas about citizenship and rights across different territorial levels of government. Theoretically, it could be imagined that a person is treated as a citizen with full social rights by the regional authorities, while having no legal citizenship status in the state. By focusing on health care rights...

Université de Neuchâtel

Revisiting Ethics in Correspondence Testing

Zschirnt, Eva

(nccr on the move ; 8)

Questions of research ethics always arise when planning a correspondence test to study discrimination in the market place. However, the issue is addressed relatively little in published correspondence tests with authors usually referring to the two seminal articles written in this field (i.e. Banton (1997) and Riach and Rich (2004)). Since then correspondence testing has become more widespread...

Université de Neuchâtel

Measuring Hiring Discrimination – A History of Field Experiments in Discrimination Research

Zschirnt, Eva

(nccr on the move ; 7)

Ethnic and racial discrimination in the hiring process is a common and documented problem. Scientists from different backgrounds and numerous countries have tried to measure the extent of this form of discrimination, mostly by using field experiments such as audit or correspondence tests. This paper will provide an overview of the literature on measuring discrimination in more general terms as...