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Université de Neuchâtel

Comparison of survey data on wealth in Switzerland

Ravazzini, Laura ; Kuhn, Ursina ; Brulé, Gaël ; Suter, Christian

Beyond income, wealth is one of most relevant components among national and international indicators of household finances. Three surveys that include Switzerland have recently integrated questions about wealth and its components. These surveys are the Swiss Household Panel -SHP- (2016), the Statistics on Income and Living Conditions -CH-SILC- (2015), and the Survey on Health, Ageing and...

Université de Fribourg

An adaptation of kamishibai as an educational kit for reproductive health in India

Nakaya-Sommet, Maki ; Sommet, Moritz

In: The Art of Kamishibai: The Word of the Image and the Image of the Word, International Symposium, Ljubljana, May 10-13, 2018. Online Compendium

This paper presents an on-going product design project that aims to improve reproductive health education in India through Japanese paper theatre (kamishibai). The educational kit resulting from the project alters the conventional form of kamishibai to adapt it to local conditions and make it easier to use, allowing untrained persons to teach this complex subject matter. We discuss the pilot...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Positional goods and legal orderings

Pagano, Ugo ; Vatiero, Massimiliano

In: Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

People consume because others consume, maintained Veblen in 1899. More recently, theoretical, empirical and experimental articles have argued that people constantly compare themselves to their environments and care greatly about their relative positions. Given that competition for positions may produce social costs, we adopt a Law and Economics approach (i) to suggest legal remedies for...

Università della Svizzera italiana

What drives the rise of antidepressant consumption? Evidence from Switzerland

Masiero, Giuliano ; Mazzonna, Fabrizio ; Verbeek, Olaf

Antidepressant (AD) consumption has been steadily increasing in the last decade in most countries. The explanations suggested by researchers for this increment are still under scrutiny. This study attempts to identify the determinants of AD consumption by exploiting small area variations from Switzerland between 2003 and 2014. We observe that two specific drugs - Citalopram and Escitalopram -...

Université de Fribourg

How do crowdworker communities and microtask markets influenceeach other? a data-driven study on amazon mechanical turk

Yang, Jie ; van der Valk, Carlo ; Hossfeld, Tobias ; Redi, Judith ; Bozzon, Alessandro

In: AAAI Conference on Human Computation and Crowdsourcing (HCOMP), 2018

Crowdworker online communities -- operating in fora like mTurkForum and TurkerNation -- are an important actor in microwork markets. Albeit central to market dynamics, how the behavior of crowdworker communities and the dynamics of online marketplaces influence each other is yet to be understood. To provide quantitative evidence of such influence, we performed an analysis on 6-years worth of...

Université de Fribourg

LearningQ: a large-scale dataset for educational question generation

Chen, Guanliang ; Yang, Jie ; Hauff, Claudia ; Houben, Geert-Jan

In: AAAI 2018: Conference on Artificial Intelligence; New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

Université de Fribourg

An expression atlas of chemosensory ionotropic glutamate receptors identifies a molecular basis of carbonation detection

Sánchez-Alcañiz, Juan Antonio ; Silbering, Ana Florencia ; Croset, Vincent ; Zappia, Giovanna ; Sivasubramaniam, Anantha Krishna ; Abuin, Liliane ; Sahai, Saumya Yashmohini ; Auer, Thomas O. ; Cruchet, Steeve ; Neagu-Maier, G. Larisa ; Sprecher, Simon G. ; Yapici, Nilay ; Benton, Richard

Taste perception is thought to involve the encoding of appetitive and aversive chemical cues in food through a limited number of sensory pathways. Through expression analysis of the complete repertoire of Drosophila Ionotropic Receptors (IRs), a sensory subfamily of ionotropic glutamate receptors, we reveal that the majority of IRs is expressed in diverse peripheral neuron populations across...