Working papers SES

Working papers SES
La collection des Working Papers SES est une série de cahiers de recherche présentant les différents travaux menés au sein de la Faculté des sciences économiques et sociales de l'Université de Fribourg (Suisse). Cette collection existe depuis 1980 et les thèmes abordés reflètent les différentes orientations scientifiques des membres de la Faculté: économie politique, gestion d'entreprise, informatique de gestion, méthodes quantitatives, sciences sociales et sciences des médias et de la communication. Le contenu de ces travaux n'engage que la responsabilité de leurs auteurs.

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Université de Fribourg

Une analyse critique de la composition des exportations du canton du Tessin et une appréciation des risques d'une revalorisation du franc suisse

Massonnet, Jonathan

(Working Papers SES ; 420)

Afin d’apprécier les risques d’une revalorisation du taux de change du franc suisse pour l’économie du canton du Tessin, cet article débute par une analyse critique de la structure de ses exportations, selon une méthodologie que nous avons développée dans un article connexe relatif à l’économie fribourgeoise (Massonnet, 2011). Après avoir brièvement exposé la structure...

Université de Fribourg

Analyse des rémunérations des dirigeants de sociétés suisses cotées en bourse entre 2007 et 2012

Isakov, Dušan ; Parietti, Simone

(Working Papers SES ; 449)

Cet article analyse les rémunérations des dirigeants des sociétés suisses cotées en bourse entre 2007 et 2012. Dans un premier temps, nous exposons les différentes composantes du revenu ainsi que le rôle de chaque élément avant de jeter un regard critique sur le contenu informationnel des rapports de gestion en matière de rémunération. Nous présentons ensuite le contenu de la base de...

Université de Fribourg

Are Founding Families Special Blockholders ? An Investigation of Controlling Shareholder Influence on Firm Performance

Isakov, Dušan ; Weisskopf, Jean-Philippe

(Working Papers SES ; 428)

This paper examines how family and non-family ownership affects the performance of Swiss listed firms from 2003 to 2010. We distinguish between these two types of controlling shareholders since they have different objectives. We hypothesise that only family shareholders have a real incentive to reduce agency costs whereas non-family blockholders are similar to widely held companies. Our results...

Université de Fribourg

Are sociocultural factors important for studying a science university major?

Grossmann, Volker ; Osikominu, Aderonke ; Osterfeld, Marius

(Working Papers SES ; 460)

This paper examines the role of the sociocultural background of students for choosing STEM fields in university. We combine rich survey data on university graduates in Switzerland with municipality level information from the census as well as nationwide elections and referenda to characterize a student›s home environment with respect to religious and political attitudes towards gender equality...

Université de Fribourg

Bezahlte Freiwilligenarbeit - ein Widerspruch ?

Gmür, Markus ; Gmür, Markus

(Working Papers SES ; 434)

In der Theorie zeichnet sich Freiwilligenarbeit dadurch aus, dass sie ohne Zwang und ohne eine entsprechende Bezahlung geleistet wird. In der Praxis zeigt sich jedoch, dass NPO für die Leistungen der Freiwilligen nicht selten ein Entgelt zahlen, das zwar deutlich unter marktüblichen Ansätzen liegt, aber in Summe einen signifikanten Betrag erreichen kann. Die Motivationsforschung warnt...

Université de Fribourg

Birth weight and long-term outcomes in a developing country

Baguet, Marie ; Dumas, Christelle

(Working Papers SES ; 465)

This paper analyzes the empirical relationship between endowment at birth and long-term outcomes. Birth weight has been shown to influence outcomes later in life, suggesting that in-utero shocks have long lasting consequences. However, traditional measures of human capital at birth (i.e. birth weight) are potentially measured with error and endogenous. We deal with such issues thanks to the use...

Université de Fribourg

The causalweight package for causal inference in R

Bodory, Hugo ; Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 493)

We describe R package “causalweight” for causal inference based on inverse probability weighting (IPW). The “causalweight” package offers a range of semiparametric methods for treatment or impact evaluation and mediation analysis, which incorporates intermediate outcomes for investigating causal mechanisms. Depending on the method, identification relies on selection on observables ...

Université de Fribourg

A cautionary tale about control variables in IV estimation

Deuchert, Eva ; Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 453)

Many instrumental variable (IV) regressions include control variables to justify (conditional) independence of the instrument and the potential outcomes. The plausibility of conditional IV independence crucially depends on the timing when the control variables are determined. This paper systemically works through different IV models and discusses the (conditions for the) satisfaction of...

Université de Fribourg

The challenge of dual career expatriate management in a specific host national environment: An exploratory study of expatriate and spouse adjustment in Switzerland based MNCs

Ravasi, Claudio ; Salamin, Xavier ; Davoine, Eric

(Working Papers SES ; 447)

The number of expatriates from global firms has been continuously increasing over the past decades as multinational companies still view expatriation as an important tool for sharing and transferring knowledge, controlling subsidiaries and developing workforce competencies. Expatriate management is still a costly and complex task for multinational companies. Adjustment, which has been defined as...

Université de Fribourg

Combining experimental evidence with machine learning to assess anti-corruption educational campaigns among Russian university students

Denisova-Schmidt, Elena ; Huber, Martin ; Leontyeva, Elvira ; Solovyeva, Anna

(Working Papers SES ; 487)

This paper examines how anti-corruption educational campaigns affect the attitudes of Russian university students towards corruption and academic integrity. About 2,000 survey participants were randomly assigned to one of four different information materials (brochures or videos) about the negative consequences of corruption or to a control group. Using machine learning to detect effect...