Working papers SES

Working papers SES
La collection des Working Papers SES est une série de cahiers de recherche présentant les différents travaux menés au sein de la Faculté des sciences économiques et sociales de l'Université de Fribourg (Suisse). Cette collection existe depuis 1980 et les thèmes abordés reflètent les différentes orientations scientifiques des membres de la Faculté: économie politique, gestion d'entreprise, informatique de gestion, méthodes quantitatives, sciences sociales et sciences des médias et de la communication. Le contenu de ces travaux n'engage que la responsabilité de leurs auteurs.

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Université de Fribourg

Shocks and child labor : the role of markets

Dumas, Christelle

(Working Papers SES ; 458)

Economic shocks have been shown to affect child labor and particularly so when households fail to access credit. This paper endeavours to assess whether access toagricultural labor markets also reduce the impact of shocks on child labor. Using panel data from Tanzania, we confirm that households respond to transitory productivity shocks by changes in child labor, but that (1) child labor...

Université de Fribourg

The origin of inflation in a domestic bank-based payment system

Pesenti, Amos

(Working Papers SES ; 457)

This paper shows how a disorderly-working bank-based payment system negatively affects monetary stability. This occurs when firms invest their profits in production with the aim of forming and accumulating (fixed) capital, while at the same time banks carry out the payment of workers’ wages and enter the corresponding payment order in the architecture for domestic payments. In fact, if the...

Université de Fribourg

Direct and indirect effects of training vouchers for the unemployed

Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael ; Strittmatter, Anthony

(Working Papers SES ; 456)

This paper evaluates the effect of a voucher award system for assignment into vocational training on the employment outcomes of unemployed voucher recipients in Germany, along with the causal mechanisms through which it operates. It assesses the direct effect of voucher assignment net of actual redemption, which may be driven by preference shaping/learning about (possibilities of) human capital...

Université de Fribourg

Does preschool boost the development of minority children? : The case of Roma children

Felfe, Christina ; Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 455)

Does universal preschool constitute an effective policy tool to promote the development and integration of children from minority groups? In the light of rising cross border migration and increasing ethnic variation in many developed countries, we address this question for the children of the Roma - the largest and most disadvantaged minority in Europe. To tackle the issue of non-random selection...

Université de Fribourg

The finite sample performance of semi- and nonparametric estimators for treatment effects and policy evaluation

Frölich, Markus ; Huber, Martin ; Wiesenfarth, Manuel

(Working Papers SES ; 454)

This paper investigates the fi nite sample performance of a comprehensive set of semi- and nonparametric estimators for treatment and policy evaluation. In contrast to previous simulation studies which mostly considered semiparametric approaches relying on parametric propensity score estimation, we also consider more fl exible approaches based on semi- or nonparametric propensity scores,...

Université de Fribourg

A cautionary tale about control variables in IV estimation

Deuchert, Eva ; Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 453)

Many instrumental variable (IV) regressions include control variables to justify (conditional) independence of the instrument and the potential outcomes. The plausibility of conditional IV independence crucially depends on the timing when the control variables are determined. This paper systemically works through different IV models and discusses the (conditions for the) satisfaction of...

Université de Fribourg

Does Public Education Expansion Lead to Trickle-Down Growth?

Böhm, Sebastian ; Grossmann, Volker ; Steger, Thomas M.

(Working Papers SES ; 452)

The paper revisits the debate on trickle-down growth in view of the widely discussed evolution of the earnings and income distribution that followed a massive expansion of higher education. We propose a dynamic general equilibrium model to dynamically evaluate whether economic growth triggered by an increase in public education expenditure on behalf of those with high learning ability eventually...

Université de Fribourg

Postal financial services, development and inclusion: Building on the past and looking to the future

d'Alcantara, Gonzales ; Dembinski, Paul H. ; Pilley, Odile

(Working Papers SES ; 451)

Post offices, inherited from the Industrial Revolution, were monolithic telephone and postal administrations. They were intimately linked to the fabric of nations and made significant contributions to state finances. From the 1960s onwards, integrators, such as UPS and FEDEX, started offering end-to-end express services, thus challenging the postal monopoly in new high added value services....

Université de Fribourg

Three-Valued Modal Logic for Qualitative Comparative Policy Analysis with Crisp-Set QCA

Mueller, Georg P.

(Working Papers SES ; 450)

Contradictory and missing outcomes are problems common to many qualitative comparative studies, based on the methodology of crisp-set QCA. They also occur in public policy analyses, e.g. if important background variables are omitted or outcomes of new policies are technically censored. As a new solution to these problems, this article proposes the use of three-valued modal logic, originally...

Université de Fribourg

Analyse des rémunérations des dirigeants de sociétés suisses cotées en bourse entre 2007 et 2012

Isakov, Dušan ; Parietti, Simone

(Working Papers SES ; 449)

Cet article analyse les rémunérations des dirigeants des sociétés suisses cotées en bourse entre 2007 et 2012. Dans un premier temps, nous exposons les différentes composantes du revenu ainsi que le rôle de chaque élément avant de jeter un regard critique sur le contenu informationnel des rapports de gestion en matière de rémunération. Nous présentons ensuite le contenu de la base de...