Working papers SES

Working papers SES
La collection des Working Papers SES est une série de cahiers de recherche présentant les différents travaux menés au sein de la Faculté des sciences économiques et sociales de l'Université de Fribourg (Suisse). Cette collection existe depuis 1980 et les thèmes abordés reflètent les différentes orientations scientifiques des membres de la Faculté: économie politique, gestion d'entreprise, informatique de gestion, méthodes quantitatives, sciences sociales et sciences des médias et de la communication. Le contenu de ces travaux n'engage que la responsabilité de leurs auteurs.

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Université de Fribourg

Including covariates in the regression discontinuity design

Frölich, Markus ; Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 489)

This paper proposes a fully nonparametric kernel method to account for observed covariates in regression discontinuity designs (RDD), which may increase precision of treatment effect estimation. It is shown that conditioning on covariates reduces the asymptotic variance and allows estimating the treatment effect at the rate of one-dimensional nonparametric regression, irrespective of the...

Université de Fribourg

Instrument-based estimation with binarized treatments : issues and tests for the exclusion restriction

Andresen, Martin Eckhoff ; Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 492)

When estimating local average and marginal treatment effects using instrumental variables (IV), multivalued endogenous treatments are frequently binarized based on a specific threshold in treatment support. However, such binarization introduces a violation of the IV exclusion if (i) the IV affects the multivalued treatment within support areas below and/or above the threshold and (ii) such...

Université de Fribourg

L'économie fribourgeoise: une analyse critique de son extraversion internationale et une appréciation des risques d'une revalorisation du franc suisse

Massonnet, Jonathan

(Working Papers SES ; 419)

Cet article a pour objectifs d'apprécier les risques d'une revalorisation du franc suisse pour l'économie du canton de Fribourg et de mener une analyse critique de l'extraversion internationale de cette dernière. Après avoir souligné les implications au niveau théorique d'une augmentation du taux de change de sa monnaie pour l'économie nationale et l'importance de la demande extérieure,...

Université de Fribourg

Local debt: from budget responsibility to fiscal discipline

Dafflon, Bernard

(Working Papers SES ; 417)

In the past thirty years, local governments in most European countries have been granted at least limited access to borrowing. The rules in force include limitations on the amount of borrowing and/or debt service, restrictions on the purpose of debt and on borrowing from foreign institutions and/or from the central bank. The description of these rules and sanctions constitute the thrust of...

Université de Fribourg

Local Fiscal Equalization: a New Proposal and an Experiment

Dafflon, Bernard

(Working Papers SES ; 418)

This paper formalizes the new schemes of fiscal equalization that has been decided in 2009 and will be introduced at the local level in the canton of Fribourg (Switzerland) in 2011. It develops the political economy of the proposal with the aim of understanding the participative democratic process that led to the acceptance of a radical change in the canton's equalization policy, the normative...

Université de Fribourg

Management Excellence in Pflegeeinrichtungen

Zeides, Roland ; Gmür, Markus

(Working Papers SES ; 438)

Betriebswirtschaftlich erfolgreiche und weniger erfolgreiche Einrichtungen der stationären Altenpflege unterscheiden sich in erster Linie darin, welche Bedeutung sie einer umfassenden Kundenorientierung und einem professionellen Freiwilligenmanagement einräumen. Dagegen scheinen Kosten für Strukturen und Instrumente der Governance, der Planung und Steuerung, im Marketing sowie in der...

Université de Fribourg

The meaning of monetary stability

Pesenti, Amos

(Working Papers SES ; 475)

The conventional approach to monetary stability is not so much different from that related to price stability. As such, it simply supposes that the aggregation of prices in the marketplace is necessary and sufficient for determining the presence of inflation (or deflation) in the economy. However, investigating monetary stability according to this microeconomic approach leads to confusion since...

Université de Fribourg

Measuring cultural intelligence: a new test of the CQ scale

Bücker, Joost‏ J.L.E. ; Furrer, Olivier ; Lin, Yanyan

(Working Papers SES ; 461)

Despite an increasing number of publications on cultural intelligence (CQ), the operationalization and conceptualization of this construct demand further attention. In this replication study among 308 experienced overseas Chinese respondents, a two-dimensional structure seems to better represent the data than the original four-dimensional CQ scale. The results of the analysis identify two new...

Université de Fribourg

Member Value in Co-operatives

Suter, Peter ; Gmür, Markus

(Working Papers SES ; 444)

Until today there is a research gap considering the question, what motivates a member to enter or leave a co-op, resp. what are the reasons to stay in a co-operative. The majority of studies about this topic mainly focus on economic factors and the rational behavior of the member. However, co-ops also have other purposes not associated with financial goals. The presented paper is proposing a new...

Université de Fribourg

Migration, Capital Formation, and House Prices

Grossmann, Volker ; Schäfer, Andreas ; Steger, Thomas M.

(Working Papers SES ; 441)

We investigate the effects of interregional labor market integration in a two-sector, overlapping-generations model with land-intensive production in the non-tradable goods sector (housing). To capture the response to migration on housing supply, capital formation is endogenous, assuming that firms face capital adjustment costs. Our analysis highlights heterogeneous welfare effects of labor...