Working papers SES

Working papers SES
La collection des Working Papers SES est une série de cahiers de recherche présentant les différents travaux menés au sein de la Faculté des sciences économiques et sociales de l'Université de Fribourg (Suisse). Cette collection existe depuis 1980 et les thèmes abordés reflètent les différentes orientations scientifiques des membres de la Faculté: économie politique, gestion d'entreprise, informatique de gestion, méthodes quantitatives, sciences sociales et sciences des médias et de la communication. Le contenu de ces travaux n'engage que la responsabilité de leurs auteurs.

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Université de Fribourg

Screening for bid-rigging - does it work?

Imhof, David ; Karagök, Yavuz ; Rutz, Samuel

(Working Papers SES ; 468)

This paper proposes a method to detect bid-rigging by applying mutually reinforcing screens to a road construction procurement data set from Switzerland in which no prior information about collusion was available. The screening method is particularly suited to deal with the problem of partial collusion, i.e. collusion which does not involve all firms and/or all contracts in a specific data set,...

Université de Fribourg

On the development of students’ attitudes towards corruption and cheating in Russian universities

Denisova-Schmidt, Elena ; Huber, Martin ; Leontyeva, Elvira

(Working Papers SES ; 467)

Based on empirical data from selected public universities in Khabarovsk, Russia, this paper compares first and fifth year students regarding their attitudes towards corruption in general and university corruption in particular. Even after making both groups of students comparable with respect to a range of socio-economic characteristics by a matching approach, the results suggest that fifth year...

Université de Fribourg

The finite sample performance of inference methods for propensity score matching and weighting estimators

Bodory, Hugo ; Huber, Martin ; Camponovo, Lorenzo ; Lechner, Michael

(Working Papers SES ; 466)

This paper investigates the finite sample properties of a range of inference methods for propensity score-based matching and weighting estimators frequently applied to evaluate the average treatment effect on the treated. We analyse both asymptotic approximations and bootstrap methods for computing variances and confidence intervals in our simulation design, which is based on large scale labor...

Université de Fribourg

Birth weight and long-term outcomes in a developing country

Baguet, Marie ; Dumas, Christelle

(Working Papers SES ; 465)

This paper analyzes the empirical relationship between endowment at birth and long-term outcomes. Birth weight has been shown to influence outcomes later in life, suggesting that in-utero shocks have long lasting consequences. However, traditional measures of human capital at birth (i.e. birth weight) are potentially measured with error and endogenous. We deal with such issues thanks to the use...

Université de Fribourg

Optimal social insurance and health inequality

Grossmann, Volker ; Strulik, Holger

(Working Papers SES ; 464)

This paper integrates into public economics a biologically founded, stochastic process of individual ageing. The novel approach enables us to investigate the interaction between health and retirement policy in order to quantitatively characterize the optimal joint design of the social insurance system today and in response to future medical progress, and its implications for health inequality....

Université de Fribourg

Regional economic integration and factor mobility in unified Germany

Böhm, Sebastian

(Working Papers SES ; 463)

The massive movement of capital and labor in opposite directions is the most striking characteristic of economic integration of Eastern and Western Germany. Beyond that, wage-setting behavior during the early years of unification and massive public social transfers have affected the transition path of the Eastern economy. In this paper, I set up a two-region open economy model with capital and...

Université de Fribourg

An experimental evaluation of an anti-corruption intervention among Ukrainian university students

Denisova-Schmidt, Elena ; Huber, Martin ; Prytula, Yaroslav

(Working Papers SES ; 462)

In this paper, we investigate experimentally the effect of an anti-corruption intervention -an info folder based on materials developed by Transparency International- on Ukrainian university students’ willingness to participate in an anti-corruption campaign and their general attitude toward corruption. In a survey of 600 students in the Ukrainian city of Lviv, individuals were randomly exposed...

Université de Fribourg

Measuring cultural intelligence: a new test of the CQ scale

Bücker, Joost‏ J.L.E. ; Furrer, Olivier ; Lin, Yanyan

(Working Papers SES ; 461)

Despite an increasing number of publications on cultural intelligence (CQ), the operationalization and conceptualization of this construct demand further attention. In this replication study among 308 experienced overseas Chinese respondents, a two-dimensional structure seems to better represent the data than the original four-dimensional CQ scale. The results of the analysis identify two new...

Université de Fribourg

Are sociocultural factors important for studying a science university major?

Grossmann, Volker ; Osikominu, Aderonke ; Osterfeld, Marius

(Working Papers SES ; 460)

This paper examines the role of the sociocultural background of students for choosing STEM fields in university. We combine rich survey data on university graduates in Switzerland with municipality level information from the census as well as nationwide elections and referenda to characterize a student›s home environment with respect to religious and political attitudes towards gender equality...

Université de Fribourg

Endogeneity and non-response bias in treatment evaluation - nonparametric identification of causal effects by instruments

Fricke, Hans ; Frölich, Markus ; Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael

(Working Papers SES ; 459)

This paper proposes a nonparametric method for evaluating treatment effects in the presence of both treatment endogeneity and attrition/non-response bias, using two instrumental variables. Making use of a discrete instrument for the treatment and a continuous instrument for nonresponse/attrition, we identify the average treatment effect on compliers as well as the total population and suggest...