Working papers SES

Working papers SES
La collection des Working Papers SES est une série de cahiers de recherche présentant les différents travaux menés au sein de la Faculté des sciences économiques et sociales de l'Université de Fribourg (Suisse). Cette collection existe depuis 1980 et les thèmes abordés reflètent les différentes orientations scientifiques des membres de la Faculté: économie politique, gestion d'entreprise, informatique de gestion, méthodes quantitatives, sciences sociales et sciences des médias et de la communication. Le contenu de ces travaux n'engage que la responsabilité de leurs auteurs.

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Université de Fribourg

Does Public Education Expansion Lead to Trickle-Down Growth?

Böhm, Sebastian ; Grossmann, Volker ; Steger, Thomas M.

(Working Papers SES ; 452)

The paper revisits the debate on trickle-down growth in view of the widely discussed evolution of the earnings and income distribution that followed a massive expansion of higher education. We propose a dynamic general equilibrium model to dynamically evaluate whether economic growth triggered by an increase in public education expenditure on behalf of those with high learning ability eventually...

Université de Fribourg

Do not wake sleeping dogs: Pay-out policies in founding family firms

Isakov, Dušan ; Weisskopf, Jean-Philippe

(Working Papers SES ; 443)

This article examines founding family influence on pay-out policies for Swiss listed firms over the period 2003-2010. We find that founding family firms have higher dividends and total pay-outs than non-family firms. There is no significant difference between stock repurchases for the two types of firms. We show that specific firm characteristics such as active involvement of family members, the...

Université de Fribourg

Econometric tests to detect bid-rigging cartels: does it work?

Imhof, David

(Working Papers SES ; 483)

This paper tests how well the method proposed by Bajari and Ye (2003) performs to detect bidrigging cartels. In the case investigated in this paper, the bid-rigging cartel rigged all contracts during the collusive period, and all firms participated to the bid-rigging cartel. The two econometric tests constructed by Bajari and Ye (2003) produce a high number of false negative results: the tests do...

Université de Fribourg

The effects of anti-corruption videos on attitudes towards corruption in a Ukrainian online survey

Denisova-Schmidt, Elena ; Huber, Martin ; Prytula, Yaroslav

(Working Papers SES ; 499)

This paper presents the outcomes of an anti-corruption educational intervention among Ukrainian students based on an online experiment. More than 3,000 survey participants were randomly assigned to one of three different videos on corruption and its consequences (treatment groups) or a video on higher education (control group). The data suggest a high level of academic dishonesty and...

Université de Fribourg

Encyclical Letter "Caritas in Veritate": An Economist's Reading

Dembinski, Paul H.

(Working Papers SES ; 422)

On the 29 of June 2009, the Pope Benedict XVIth published Caritas in Veritate, his third encyclical letter. It was addressed to the clergy but also to “lay faithful and all people of good will”. In the two papers assembled here under one single title, the author enters in dialogue with the Papal encyclical from the perspective of an economist interested in ethical issues related specially to...

Université de Fribourg

Endogeneity and non-response bias in treatment evaluation - nonparametric identification of causal effects by instruments

Fricke, Hans ; Frölich, Markus ; Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael

(Working Papers SES ; 459)

This paper proposes a nonparametric method for evaluating treatment effects in the presence of both treatment endogeneity and attrition/non-response bias, using two instrumental variables. Making use of a discrete instrument for the treatment and a continuous instrument for nonresponse/attrition, we identify the average treatment effect on compliers as well as the total population and suggest...

Université de Fribourg

Erfolgsfaktoren der Mitgliederbindung in Berufsverbänden

Gmür, Markus ; Ribi, Yvonne

(Working Papers SES ; 432)

Wovon hängt ab, ob es einem Berufsverband gelingt, Mitglieder zu binden und damit einen hohen Organisationsgrad zu erreichen? Eine Befragung von insgesamt 850 gegenwärtigen und ehemaligen Mitgliedern aus den 13 Sektionen eines Verbands mit unterschiedlichem Leistungsangebot in seinen Sektionen zeigt, in welchem Masse die individuelle Mitgliedschaftsentscheidung über den Leistungsmix hinaus...

Université de Fribourg

Erfolgsfaktoren der Nachwuchsförderung in Sportverbänden

Schafer, Jonas

(Working Papers SES ; 437)

Eine gut funktionierende Nachwuchsförderung bildet die Basis für spätere Spitzenleistungen im Sport und wird darum von Verbänden als eine der wichtigsten Aufgaben überhaupt angesehen. Der Erfolg dieser lässt sich aber durch das Verbandsmanagement nur bedingt steuern, wie eine am VMI durchgeführte Studie zeigt. Zwar kann durch die Gestaltung der Verbandsstruktur und -strategie dazu...

Université de Fribourg

Evaluating an information campaign about rural development policies in (FYR) Macedonia

Huber, Martin ; Kotevska, Ana ; Martinovska-Stojcheska, Aleksandra‏ ; Solovyeva, Anna

(Working Papers SES ; 469)

This paper investigates the effects of an information campaign about a governmental rural development program (RDP) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia on the farmers’ intention to participate in the RDP. In the course of a survey among farmers, the treatment group received an information brochure with relevant details on selected RDP measures, while the control group received no...

Université de Fribourg

Evaluating local average and quantile treatment effects under endogeneity based on instruments : a review

Huber, Martin ; Wüthrich, Kaspar

(Working Papers SES ; 479)

This paper provides a review of methodological advancements in the evaluation of heterogeneous treatment effect models based on instrumental variable (IV) methods. We focus on models that achieve identification through a monotonicity assumption on the selection equation and analyze local average and quantile treatment effects for the subpopulation of compliers. We start with a comprehensive...