Université de Neuchâtel

Mutualism, market effects and partner control

Johnstone, Rufus A. ; Bshary, Redouan

In: Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 2008, vol. 21, no. 3, p. 879-888

Intraspecific cooperation and interspecific mutualism often feature a marked asymmetry in the scope for exploitation. Cooperation may nevertheless persist despite one-sided opportunities for cheating, provided that the partner vulnerable to exploitation has sufficient control over the duration of interaction. The effectiveness of the threat of terminating an encounter, however, depends upon the...