Université de Fribourg

Biological control opportunities of ragweed are predicted to decrease with climate change in East Asia

Sun, Yan ; Zhou, Zhongshi ; Wang, Rui ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Biodiversity Science, 2017, vol. 25, no. 12, p. 1285-1294

The control of invasive alien plants (IAP) that jeopardize our ecosystems and economy constitutes a significant challenge for natural resource management. Classical biological control referring to the introduction of specialist antagonists from the native range has proven to be a highly cost-effective management tool against IAP. A critical issue in biological control research is to guide...

Université de Fribourg

An early suitability assessment of two exotic Ophraella species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) for biological control of invasive ragweed in Europe

E.Lommen, Suzanne T. ; Jolidon, Emilien F. ; Sun, Yan ; Eduardo, José I. Bustamante ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: European Journal of Entomology, 2017, vol. 114, no. 1, p. 160–169

Classical biological control is an important means of managing the increasing threat of invasive plants. It constitutes the introduction of natural enemies from the native range of the target plant into the invaded area. This method may be the only cost-effective solution to control the rapidly expanding common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, in non-crop habitats in Europe. Therefore,...

Université de Fribourg

Climatic suitability ranking of biological control candidates: a biogeographic approach for ragweed management in Europe

Sun, Yan ; Brönnimann, Olivier ; Roderick, George K. ; Poltavsky, Alexander ; Lommen, Suzanne T. E. ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Ecosphere, 2017, vol. 8, no. 4, p. -

Biological control using natural antagonists has been a most successful management tool against alien invasive plants that threaten biodiversity. The selection of candidate agents remains a critical step in a biocontrol program before more elaborate and time- consuming experiments are conducted. Here, we propose a biogeographic approach to identify candidates and combinations of candidates to...

Université de Fribourg

Neighbour origin and ploidy level drive impact of an alien invasive plant species in a competitive environment

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Schaffner, Urs

In: PLOS ONE, 2016, vol. 11, no. 5, p. e0155712

Our understanding of the potential mechanisms driving the spread and naturalization of alien plant species has increased over the past decades, but specific knowledge on the factors contributing to their increased impact in the introduced range is still urgently needed. The native European plant Centaurea stoebe occurs as two cytotypes with different life histories (monocarpic diploids,...

Université de Fribourg

Biogeographic effects on early establishment of an invasive alien plant

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Maron, John L. ; Schaffner, Urs

In: American Journal of Botany, 2015, vol. 102, no. 4, p. 621–625

Premise of the study: Biotic resistance is often studied in the context of how interactions between native biota and invading species influence the success of those invaders. Seldom, however, is the strength of “resistance” compared biogeographically, where the ability of a species to impede invader establishment is contrasted between an invader’s native and introduced recipient...

Université de Fribourg

Origin matters: diversity affects the performance of alien invasive species but not of native species

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Maron, John L. ; Schaffner, Urs

In: The American Naturalist, 2015, vol. 185, no. 6, p. 725–736

At local scales, it has often been found that invasibility decreases with increasing resident plant diversity. However, whether resident community diversity similarly resists invasion by alien versus native species is seldom studied. We examined this issue by invading constructed native plant assemblages that varied in species and functional richness with invasive alien or native Asteraceae...

Université de Fribourg

Plant neighbours rather than soil biota determine impact of an alien plant invader

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Schaffner, Urs

In: Functional Ecology, 2014, vol. 28, no. 6, p. 1545–1555

1. Various factors have been shown contributing to the ecosystem impact of invasive alien plants, but their relative importance remains unclear. We focused on the effects of neighbouring plant community and soil biota as these biotic factors have been repeatedly put forward to explain invasion success (e.g. as components of the novel weapons and of the biotic release hypothesis).2. To assess...

Université de Fribourg

Dissecting impact of plant invaders: do invaders behave differently in the new range?

Sun, Yan ; Collins, Alexandra R. ; Schaffner, Urs ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Ecology, 2013, p. -

Knowledge from basic plant ecology suggests that impact of one plant species on another is driven by either competition for the same limiting resources, or by unique plant traits. These processes might be context specific, explaining a differential impact of exotic plant invaders in the native vs. introduced range. With the help of a conceptual framework, we aimed at identifying the relationship...