Université de Fribourg

Impact of industrial phosphate waste discharge on the marine environment in the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia)

Kateb, Akram El ; Stalder, Claudio ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; Neururer, Christoph ; Spangenberg, Jorge E. ; Spezzaferri, Silvia

In: PLOS ONE, 2018, vol. 13, no. 5, p. e0197731

The marine environment in the Gulf of Gabes (southern Tunisia) is severely impacted by phosphate industries. Nowadays, three localities, Sfax, Skhira and Gabes produce phosphoric acid along the coasts of this Gulf and generate a large amount of phosphogypsum as a waste product. The Gabes phosphate industry is the major cause of pollution in the Gulf because most of the waste is directly...

Université de Fribourg

Microfossils, a key to unravel cold-water carbonate mound evolution through time: Evidence from the eastern alboran sea

Stalder, Claudio ; Vertino, Agostina ; Rosso, Antonietta ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; Pirkenseer, Claudius ; Spangenberg, Jorge E. ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; Camozzi, Osvaldo ; Rappo, Sacha ; Hajdas, Irka

In: PLoS ONE, 2015, vol. 10, no. 10, p. e0140223

Cold-water coral (CWC) ecosystems occur worldwide and play a major role in the ocean's carbonate budget and atmospheric CO2 balance since the Danian (~65 m.y. ago). However their temporal and spatial evolution against climatic and oceanographic variability is still unclear. For the first time, we combine the main macrofaunal components of a sediment core from a CWC mound of the Melilla Mounds...

Université de Fribourg

Sulfur isotope analysis of cinnabar from Roman wall paintings by elemental analysis/isotope ratio mass spectrometry – tracking the origin of archaeological red pigments and their authenticity

Spangenberg, Jorge E. ; Lavrič, Jošt V. ; Meisser, Nicolas ; Serneels, Vincent

In: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 2010, vol. 24, no. 19, p. 2812-2816

The most valuable pigment of the Roman wall paintings was the red color obtained from powdered cinnabar (Minium Cinnabaris pigment), the red mercury sulfide (HgS), which was brought from mercury (Hg) deposits in the Roman Empire. To address the question of whether sulfur isotope signatures can serve as a rapid method to establish the provenance of the red pigment in Roman frescoes, we...