Université de Neuchâtel

The role of scaffolding in children’s questions: Implications for (preschool) language assessment from a usage-based perspective

Behrens, Heike ; Madlener, Karin ; Skoruppa, Katrin

In: Yearbook of the German Cognitive Linguistics Association, 2016, vol. 4, no. 1, p. 237-259

This article outlines a range of theoretical, empirical, and practical desiderata for the design of (preschool) language assessments that follow from recent insights into language development from a cognitive-linguistic and usage-based perspective. To assess children’s productive communicative abilities rather than their ability to judge the acceptability of complex sentences in isolation is a...

Université de Neuchâtel

Early Word Recognition in Sentence Context: French and English 24-Month-Olds' Sensitivity to Sentence-Medial Mispronunciations and Assimilations

Skoruppa, Katrin ; Mani, Nivedita ; Plunkett, Kim ; Cabrol, Dominique ; Peperkamp, Sharon

In: Infancy, 2013, vol. 18, no. 6, p. 1007-1029

Recent work has shown that young children can use fine phonetic detail during the recognition of isolated and sentence-final words from early in lexical development. The present study investigates 24-month-olds' word recognition in sentence-medial position in two experiments using an Intermodal Preferential Looking paradigm. In Experiment 1, French toddlers detect word-final voicing...

Université de Neuchâtel

Language-specific stress perception by 9-month-old French and Spanish infants

Skoruppa, Katrin ; Pons, Ferran ; Christophe, Anne ; Bosch, Laura ; Dupoux, Emmanuel ; Sebastián-Gallés, Núria ; Alves Limissuri, Rita ; Peperkamp, Sharon

In: Developmental Science, 2009, vol. 12, no. 6, p. 914-919

During the first year of life, infants begin to have difficulties perceiving non-native vowel and consonant contrasts, thus adapting their perception to the phonetic categories of the target language. In this paper, we examine the perception of a non-segmental feature, i.e. stress. Previous research with adults has shown that speakers of French (a language with fixed stress) have great...

Université de Neuchâtel

Toddlers’ Processing of Phonological Alternations: Early Compensation for Assimilation in English and French

Skoruppa, Katrin ; Mani, Nivedita ; Peperkamp, Sharon

In: Child Development, 2012, vol. 84, no. 1, p. 313-330

Using a picture pointing task, this study examines toddlers’ processing of phonological alternations that trigger sound changes in connected speech. Three experiments investigate whether 2;5- to 3-year-old children take into account assimilations—processes by which phonological features of one sound spread to adjacent sounds—for the purpose of word recognition (e.g., in English, ten pounds...

Université de Neuchâtel

Adaptation to Novel Accents: Feature-Based Learning of Context-Sensitive Phonological Regularities

Skoruppa, Katrin ; Peperkamp, Sharon

In: Cognitive Science : A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2011, vol. 35, no. 2, p. 348-366

This paper examines whether adults can adapt to novel accents of their native language that contain unfamiliar context-dependent phonological alternations. In two experiments, French participants listen to short stories read in accented speech. Their knowledge of the accents is then tested in a forced-choice identification task. In Experiment 1, two groups of listeners are exposed to newly...

Université de Neuchâtel

Processing of Phonological Variation in Children With Hearing Loss: Compensation for English Place Assimilation in Connected Speech

Skoruppa, Katrin ; Rosen, Stuart

In: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 2014, vol. 57, p. 1127-1134

Purpose In this study, the authors explored phonological processing in connected speech in children with hearing loss. Specifically, the authors investigated these children's sensitivity to English place assimilation, by which alveolar consonants like t and n can adapt to following sounds (e.g., the word ten can be realized as tem in the phrase...

Université de Neuchâtel

The role of vowel phonotactics in native speech segmentation

Skoruppa, Katrin ; Nevins, Andrew ; Gillard, Adam ; Rosen, Stuart

In: Journal of Phonetics, 2015, vol. 49, p. 67-76

Numerous studies have shown that listeners can use phonological cues such as word stress and consonant clusters to find word boundaries in fluent speech. This paper investigates whether they can also use language-specific restrictions on vowel positioning for native speech segmentation. We show that English adults can exploit the fact that typical English words do not end in a lax vowel (e.g....

Université de Neuchâtel

The Development of Word Stress Processing in French and Spanish Infants

Skoruppa, Katrin ; Pons, Ferran ; Bosch, Laura ; Christophe, Anne ; Cabrol, Dominique ; Peperkamp, Sharon

In: Language Learning and Development, 2013, vol. 9, p. 88-104

This study focuses on the development of lexical stress perception during the first year of life. Previous research shows that cross-linguistic differences in word stress organization translate into differences in word stress processing from a very early age: At 9 months, Spanish-learning infants, learning a language with variable word stress, can discriminate between segmentally varied nonsense...

Université de Neuchâtel

Function words constrain on-line recognition of nouns and verbs in French 18-month-olds

Cauvet, Elodie ; Alves Limissuri, Rita ; Millotte, Severine ; Skoruppa, Katrin ; Cabrol, Dominique ; Christophe, Anne

In: Language Learning and Development, 2014, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 1-18

In this experiment using the conditioned head-turn procedure, 18-month-old French-learning toddlers were trained to respond to either a target noun (“la balle”/the ball) or a target verb (“je mange”/I eat). They were then tested on target word recognition in two syntactic contexts: the target word was preceded either by a correct function word (“une balle”/a ball...

Université de Neuchâtel

English-learning infants’ perception of word stress patterns

Skoruppa, Katrin ; Cristià, Alejandrina ; Peperkamp, Sharon ; Seidl, Amanda

In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2011, vol. 130, p. EL50-55

Adult speakers of different free stress languages (e.g., English, Spanish) differ both in their sensitivity to lexical stress and in their processing of suprasegmental and vowel quality cues to stress. In a head-turn preference experiment with a familiarization phase, both 8-month-old and 12-month-old English-learning infants discriminated between initial stress and final stress among lists of...