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Université de Fribourg

A resazurin reduction-based assay for rapid detection of polymyxin resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Lescat, Mathilde ; Poirel, Laurent ; Tinguely, Camille ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 2018, p. -

A rapid test was developed for identification of polymyxin resistance in non-fermenting bacteria. This test detects viable cells after growth in a medium containing a defined concentration of colistin. The principle of this test is based on the visual detection of the reduction of the resazurin reagent, a viability colorant, observed by its color change (blue to purple or pink). Its...

Université de Fribourg

Rapid detection of fosfomycin resistance in Escherichia coli

Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent ; Mueller, Linda

In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 2019, vol. 57, no. 1, p. e01531-18

The rapid fosfomycin/Escherichia coli NP test was developed to detect fosfomycin resistance in E. coli isolates. The test is based on glucose metabolization and the detection of bacterial growth in the presence of fosfomycin at 40 µg/ml. Bacterial growth is visually detectable by an orange-to-yellow color change of red phenol, a pH indicator. A total of 100 E. coli isolates, among which 22...

Université de Fribourg

Antimicrobial Resistance in Escherichia coli

Poirel, Laurent ; Madec, Jean-Yves ; Lupo, Agnese ; Schink, Anne-Kathrin ; Kieffer, Nicolas ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Schwarz, Stefan

In: Microbiology Spectrum, 2018, vol. 6, no. 4, p. -

Multidrug resistance in Escherichia coli has become a worrying issue that is increasingly observed in human but also in veterinary medicine worldwide. E. coli is intrinsically susceptible to almost all clinically relevant antimicrobial agents, but this bacterial species has a great capacity to accumulate resistance genes, mostly through horizontal gene transfer. The most problematic...

Université de Fribourg

Acquisition of extended-spectrum β-lactamase GES-6 leading to resistance to ceftolozane-tazobactam combination in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Poirel, Laurent ; Ortiz De La Rosa, José-Manuel ; Kieffer, Nicolas ; Dubois, Véronique ; Jayol, Aurélie ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2019, vol. 63, no. 1, p. e01809-18

A clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolate resistant to all β-lactams, including ceftolozane-tazobactam and carbapenems, was recovered. It belonged to sequence type 235 and produced the extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) GES-6 differing from GES-1 by two amino acid substitutions (E104K and G170S). GES-6 possessed an increased hydrolytic activity toward carbapenems and to ceftolozane and a ...

Université de Fribourg

Stability of cefiderocol against clinically significant broad-spectrum oxacillinases

Poirel, Laurent ; Kieffer, Nicolas ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 2018, vol. 52, no. 6, p. 866–867

Université de Fribourg

Rapid multiplex polymerase chain reaction for detection of mcr-1 to mcr-5 genes

Lescata, Mathilde ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 2018, vol. 92, no. 4, p. 267–269

A rapid (total time <2 h) and reliable multiplex polymerase chain reaction for screening of mcr-1 to mcr-5 genes conferring resistance to colistin has been developed. This technique has been tested on a collection of isolates previously identified as bearing mcr-1, mcr-2, and mcr-like genes and had a sensitivity and a specificity of 100%. Using this method, we were also able to identify a...

Université de Fribourg

Performances of the rapid polymyxin Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas tests for colistin susceptibility testing

Lescat, Mathilde ; Poirel, Laurent ; Jayol, Aurélie ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Microbial Drug Resistance, 2018, p. -

Owing to the emergence of colistin resistance in nonfermenting Gram negative bacteria, reliable and rapid techniques for testing colistin susceptibility are needed. We evaluated the performances of the Rapid Polymyxin Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas tests using a collection of Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates.Methods: Colistin susceptibility of A. baumannii...

Université de Fribourg

Screening and characterization of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria from a remote african area, São Tomé and Príncipe

Poirel, Laurent ; Aires-de-Sousa, Marta ; Kudyba, Patrick ; Kieffer, Nicolas ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2018, vol. 62, no. 9, p. e01021-18

The occurrence of resistance to last-resort antibiotics was evaluated among Enterobacteriaceae isolates recovered from hospitalized children in a remote African archipelago, São Tomé and Príncipe, where there is limited access to those antibiotics. Fifty patients were screened for colonization by carbapenem-, pan- aminoglycoside-, or polymyxin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. A total of 36...

Université de Fribourg

Evaluation of the Rapid Polymyxin NP test and its industrial version for the detection of polymyxin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae

Jayol, Aurélie ; Kieffer, Nicolas ; Poirel, Laurent ; Guérind, François ; Güneser, Deniz ; Cattoir, Vincent ; Nordmann, Patrice

In: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 2018, vol. 92, no. 2, p. 90–94

The commercial Rapid Polymyxin NP test was evaluated to detect colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. A total of 223 enterobacterial isolates corresponding to 136 resistant (including 38 MCR-like producers), 19 heteroresistant, and 78 colistin- susceptible isolates were tested. The test was performed according to the manufacturer's instruction, and the color of the wells was read after 2 and 3...