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Université de Fribourg

Time to cut: population models reveal how to mow invasive common ragweed cost-effectively

Lommen, Suzanne T. E. ; Jongejans, Eelke ; Leitsch-Vitalos, Melinda ; Tokarska-Guzik, Barbara ; Zalai, Mihály ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Karrer, Gerhard

In: NeoBiota, 2018, vol. 39, p. 53–78

Roadsides are an important habitat for invasive common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., by facilitating seed dispersal. Reducing the size of roadside populations is therefore essential for confining this highly allergenic species. Here, we aim to determine the cost-effectiveness of mowing regimes varying in frequency and timing, by analysing population-level effects and underlying...

Université de Fribourg

Deciphering the biology of Cryptophyllachora eurasiatica gen. et sp. nov., an often cryptic pathogen of an allergenic weed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Kiss, Levente ; Kovács, Gábor M. ; Bóka, Károly ; Bohár, Gyula ; Bohárné, Krisztina Varga ; Németh, Márk Z. ; Takamatsu, Susumu ; Shin, Hyeon-Dong ; Hayova, Vera ; Nischwitz, Claudia ; Seier, Marion K. ; Evans, Harry C. ; Cannon, Paul F. ; Ash, Gavin James ; Shivas, Roger G. ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Scientific Reports, 2018, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 10806

A little known, unculturable ascomycete, referred to as Phyllachora ambrosiae, can destroy the inflorescences of Ambrosia artemisiifolia, an invasive agricultural weed and producer of highly allergenic pollen. The fungus often remains undetectable in ragweed populations. This work was conducted to understand its origin and pathogenesis, a prerequisite to consider its potential as a biocontrol...

Université de Fribourg

Explaining variability in the production of seed and allergenic pollen by invasive Ambrosia artemisiifolia across Europe

Lommen, Suzanne T. E. ; Hallmann, Caspar A. ; Jongejans, Eelke ; Chauvel, Bruno ; Leitsch-Vitalos, Melinda ; Aleksanyan, Alla ; Tóth, Peter ; Preda, Cristina ; Šćepanović, Maja ; Onen, Huseyin ; Tokarska-Guzik, Barbara ; Anastasiu, Paulina ; Dorner, Zita ; Fenesi, Annamária ; Karrer, Gerhard ; Nagy, Katalin ; Pinke, Gyula ; Tiborcz, Viktor ; Zagyvai, Gergely ; Zalai, Mihály ; Kazinczi, Gabriella ; Leskovšek, Robert ; Stešević, Danijela ; Fried, Guillaume ; Kalatozishvili, Levani ; Lemke, Andreas ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Biological Invasions, 2017, p. 1–17

To better manage invasive populations, it is vital to understand the environmental drivers underlying spatial variation in demographic performance of invasive individuals and populations. The invasive common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, has severe adverse effects on agriculture and human health, due to its vast production of seeds and allergenic pollen. Here, we identify the scale and...

Université de Fribourg

Biological control opportunities of ragweed are predicted to decrease with climate change in East Asia

Sun, Yan ; Zhou, Zhongshi ; Wang, Rui ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Biodiversity Science, 2017, vol. 25, no. 12, p. 1285-1294

The control of invasive alien plants (IAP) that jeopardize our ecosystems and economy constitutes a significant challenge for natural resource management. Classical biological control referring to the introduction of specialist antagonists from the native range has proven to be a highly cost-effective management tool against IAP. A critical issue in biological control research is to guide...