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Université de Fribourg

The innate immune signaling system as a regulator of disease resistance and induced systemic resistance activity against Verticillium dahliae

Gkizi, Danai ; Lehmann, Silke ; L’Haridon, Floriane ; Serrano, Mario ; Paplomatas, Epaminondas J. ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Tjamos, Sotirios E.

In: Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 2016, vol. 29, no. 4, p. 313–323

In the last decades, the plant innate immune responses against pathogens have been extensively studied, while biocontrol interactions between soilborne fungal pathogens and their hosts have received much less attention. Treatment of Arabidopsis thaliana with the nonpathogenic bacterium Paenibacillus alvei K165 was shown previously to protect against Verticillium dahliae by triggering induced...

Université de Fribourg

Reactive oxygen species and plant resistance to fungal pathogens

Lehmann, Silke ; Serrano, Mario ; L’Haridon, Floriane ; Tjamos, Sotirios E. ; Metraux, Jean-Pierre

In: Phytochemistry, 2015, vol. 112, p. 54–62

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been studied for their role in plant development as well as in plant immunity. ROS were consistently observed to accumulate in the plant after the perception of pathogens and microbes and over the years, ROS were postulated to be an integral part of the defence response of the plant. In this article we will focus on recent findings about ROS involved in the...

Université de Fribourg

Phytotoxic metabolites from Neofusicoccum parvum, a pathogen of Botryosphaeria dieback of grapevine

Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Débieux, Jean-Luc ; Ramírez-Suero, Montserrat ; Bénard-Gellon, Mélanie ; Magnin-Robert, Maryline ; Spagnolo, Alessandro ; Chong, Julie ; Farine, Sibylle ; Bertsch, Christohpe ; L’Haridon, Floriane ; Serrano, Mario ; Fontaine, Florence ; Rego, Cecilia ; Larignon, Philippe

In: Phytochemistry, 2015, vol. 115, p. 207–215

Liquid chromatography-diode array screening of the organic extract of the cultures of 13 isolates of the fungus Neofusicoccum parvum, the main causal agent of botryosphaeria dieback of grapevine, showed similar metabolites. One strain was selected for further chemical studies and led to the isolation and characterisation of 13 metabolites. Structures were elucidated through spectroscopic...

Université de Fribourg

The cuticle and plant defense to pathogens

Metraux, Jean-Pierre ; Serrano, Mario ; Torres, Martha ; Coluccia, Fania ; L’Haridon, Floriane

In: Frontiers in Plant Science, 2014, vol. 5, p. 274

The cuticle provides a physical barrier against water loss and protects against irradiation, xenobiotics and pathogens. Components of the cuticle are perceived by invading fungi and activate developmental processes during pathogenesis. In addition, cuticle alterations of various types induce a syndrome of reactions that often results in resistance to necrotrophs. This article reviews the current...

Université de Fribourg

Production of reactive oxygen species and wound-induced resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana against Botrytis cinerea are preceded and depend on a burst of calcium

Beneloujaephajri, Emna ; Costa, Alex ; L’Haridon, Floriane ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Binda, Matteo

In: BMC Plant Biology, 2013, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 160

Background: Wounded leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) within minutes after wounding and become resistant to the pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea at a local level. This fast response of the plants to the wound is called wound-induced resistance (WIR). However the molecular mechanisms of this response and the signal cascade between the wound and ROS production...

Université de Fribourg

Perception of soft mechanical stress in Arabidopsis leaves activates disease resistance

Benikhlef, Lehcen ; L’Haridon, Floriane ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Serrano, Mario ; Binda, Matteo ; Costa, Alex ; Lehmann, Silke ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre

In: BMC Plant Biology, 2013, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 133

Background: in a previous study we have shown that wounding of Arabidopsis thaliana leaves induces a strong and transient immunity to Botrytis cinerea, the causal agent of grey mould. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed within minutes after wounding and are required for wound–induced resistance to B. cinerea.Results: in this study, we have further explored ROS and resistance to B. cinerea...

Université de Fribourg

The glutaredoxin ATGRXS13 is required to facilitate Botrytis cinerea infection of Arabidopsis thaliana plants

Camera, Sylvain La ; L’Haridon, Floriane ; Astier, Jérémy ; Zander, Mark ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Page, Gonzague ; Thurow, Corinna ; Wendehenne, David ; Gatz, Christiane ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Lamotte, Olivier

In: The Plant Journal, 2011, vol. 68, no. 3, p. 507–519

Botrytis cinerea is a major pre- and post-harvest necrotrophic pathogen with a broad host range that causes substantial crop losses. The plant hormone jasmonic acid (JA) is involved in the basal resistance against this fungus. Despite basal resistance, virulent strains of B. cinerea can cause disease on Arabidopsis thaliana and virulent pathogens can interfere with the metabolism of the host in a...

Université de Fribourg

Salicylic acid and its location in response to biotic and abiotic stress

Fragnière, Cindy ; Serrano, Mario ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; L’Haridon, Floriane

In: FEBS Letters, 2011, vol. 585, no. 12, p. 1847-1852

Salicylic acid (SA) is an important signal involved in the activation of plant defence responses against abiotic and biotic stress. SA may derive from the phenylpropanoid pathway or via isochorismate synthase as demonstrated in Nicotiana benthamiana, tomato and Arabidopsis thaliana. The phenylpropanoid pathway as well as isochorismate synthase are localized in the chloroplasts but it remains...