Université de Fribourg

The oldest Archaeopteryx (Theropoda: Avialiae): a new specimen from the Kimmeridgian/Tithonian boundary of Schamhaupten, Bavaria

Rauhut​, Oliver W.M. ; Foth, Christian ; Tischlinger, Helmut

In: PeerJ, 2018, vol. 6, p. e4191

The iconic primeval bird Archaeopteryx was so far mainly known from the Altmühltal Formation (early Tithonian) of Bavaria, southern Germany, with one specimen having been found in the overlying Mörnsheim Formation. A new specimen (the 12th skeletal specimen) from the earliest Tithonian Painten Formation of Schamhaupten (Bavaria) represents the so far oldest representative of the genus. The...

Université de Fribourg

Cranial shape variation in jacarean caimanines (Crocodylia, Alligatoroidea) and its implications in the taxonomic status of extinct species: The case of Melanosuchus fisheri

Foth, Christian ; Blanco, María Victoria Fernandez ; Bona, Paula ; Scheyer, Torsten M.

In: Journal of Morphology, 2018, vol. 279, no. 2, p. 259–273

Cranial shape variation in jacarean caimanines (Crocodylia, Alligatoroidea) and its implications in the taxonomic status of extinct species

Université de Fribourg

Re-evaluation of the Haarlem Archaeopteryx and the radiation of maniraptoran theropod dinosaurs

Foth, Christian ; Rauhut, Oliver W. M.

In: BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2017, vol. 17, p. 236

Archaeopteryx is an iconic fossil that has long been pivotal for our understanding of the origin of birds. Remains of this important taxon have only been found in the Late Jurassic lithographic limestones of Bavaria, Germany. Twelve skeletal specimens are reported so far. Archaeopteryx was long the only pre-Cretaceous paravian theropod known, but recent discoveries from the Tiaojishan...

Université de Fribourg

Preliminary observations on the bone histology of the Middle Triassic pseudosuchian archosaur Batrachotomus kupferzellensis reveal fast growth with laminar fibrolamellar bone tissue

Klein, Nicole ; Foth, Christian ; Schoch, Rainer R.

In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2017, vol. 37, no. 4, p. e1333121

The bone tissue of femur, rib, and gastralia from three different individuals of the Middle Triassic pseudosuchian Batrachotomus kupferzellensis from southern Germany is studied. The femoral bone tissue comprises laminar fibrolamellar bone tissue throughout and is stratified by three annual growth cycles, indicating that the individual died early in its fourth year of life, at which time it...

Université de Fribourg

Unappreciated diversification of stem archosaurs during the Middle Triassic predated the dominance of dinosaurs

Foth, Christian ; Ezcurra, Martín D. ; Sookias, Roland B. ; Brusatte, Stephen L. ; Butler, Richard J.

In: BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2016, vol. 16, p. 188

Archosauromorpha originated in the middle–late Permian, radiated during the Triassic, and gave rise to the crown group Archosauria, a highly successful clade of reptiles in terrestrial ecosystems over the last 250 million years. However, scientific attention has mainly focused on the diversification of archosaurs, while their stem lineage (i.e. non- archosaurian archosauromorphs) has often...