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Université de Neuchâtel

Développement de la version québécoise francophone du Children’s Communication Checklist – 2 (CCC-2) : Normalisation et équivalence métrique

Vézina, Marie ; Sylvestre, Audette ; Québec, QC Canada ; Fossard, Marion

In: Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology & Audiology (CJSLPA), 2013, vol. 37, p. 156-168

Dans une démarche de diagnostic différentiel entre les troubles du langage et les troubles du spectre autistique, en orthophonie ou en pédopsychiatrie, l’évaluation de la pragmatique du langage est de première importance. En effet, les habiletés pragmatiques peuvent fournir des indices discriminants, permettant de bien cerner l’étiologie des difficultés et d’orienter l’enfant vers...

Université de Neuchâtel

Working memory and semantic involvement in sentence processing: A case of pure progressive amnesia

Fossard, Marion ; Rigalleau, François ; Puel, Michèle ; Nespoulous, Jean-Luc ; Viallard, Gérard ; Démonet, Jean-François ; Cardebat, Dominique

In: Neuropsychologia, 2006, vol. 44, no. 3, p. 335-338

ED, a 83-year-old woman, meets the criteria of pure progressive amnesia, with gradual impairment of episodic and autobiographical memory, sparing of semantic processing and strong working memory (WM) deficit. The dissociation between disturbed WM and spared semantic processing permitted testing the role of WM in processing anaphors like pronouns or repeated names. Results showed a globally normal...

Université de Neuchâtel

Indirect anaphora in English and French: A cross-linguistic study of pronoun resolution

Cornish, Francis ; Garnham, Alan ; Cowles, H. Wind ; Fossard, Marion ; Andrée, Virginie

In: Journal of Memory and Language, 2005, vol. 52, no. 3, p. 363-376

There is disagreement within both linguistics and psycholinguistics concerning the use of unaccented third person pronouns to refer to implicit referents. Some researchers (e.g., Erkü & Gundel, 1987) argue that it is impossible or highly marked, while others (e.g., Yule, 1982) maintain that it is not only acceptable but commonly used in normal discourse. However, both sides in the debate may be...

Université de Neuchâtel

The role of Basal Ganglia in Language Production: evidence from Parkinson's disease

Macoir, Joël ; Fossard, Marion ; Mérette, Chantal ; Langlois, Mélanie ; Chantal, Sophie ; Auclair-Ouellet, Noémie

In: Journal of Parkinson's Disease, 2013, vol. 3, p. 393-397

According to the dominant view in the literature, basal ganglia do not play a direct role in language but are involved in cognitive control required by linguistic and non-linguistic processing. In Parkinson's disease, basal ganglia impairment leads to motor symptoms and language deficits; those affecting the production of verbs have been frequently explored. According to a controversial theory,...

Université de Neuchâtel

Apports de la psycholinguistique

Fossard, Marion ; Macoir, Joël

In: Guide de l'orthophoniste. Savoirs fondamentaux de l'orthophoniste. Savoirs dans le domaine des sciences du langage, 2016, vol. 1, p. 68-75

Université de Neuchâtel

Les troubles morphologiques flexionnels dans la maladie de Parkinson : origine procédurale et/ou exécutive ?

Macoir, Joël ; Fossard, Marion ; Auclair-Ouellet, Noémie

In: Revue Française de Linguistique Appliquée, 2012, vol. 17, no. 2, p. 101-115

La maladie de Parkinson est une maladie neurodégénérative caractérisée par des troubles moteurs mais également par des troubles cognitifs affectant la mémoire de travail, la mémoire déclarative et les capacités attentionnelles. Sur le plan du langage, on relève aussi dans cette maladie la présence de troubles de la morphologie flexionnelle. Dans cet article, nous présentons et...

Université de Neuchâtel

Toward an Executive Origin for Acquired Phonological Dyslexia: A Case of Specific Deficit of Context-Sensitive Grapheme-to-Phoneme Conversion Rules

Auclair-Ouellet, Noémie ; Fossard, Marion ; St-Pierre Catherine ; Macoir, Joël

In: Behavioural Neurology, 2013, vol. 26, p. 171-173

Phonological dyslexia is a written language disorder characterized by poor reading of nonwords when compared with relatively preserved ability in reading real words. In this study, we report the case of FG, a 74-year-old man with phonological dyslexia. The nature and origin of his reading impairment were assessed using tasks involving activation and explicit manipulation of phonological...

Université de Neuchâtel

Theory of mind and cognitive processes in aging and Alzheimer type dementia: a systematic review

Démonet, Jean-François ; Fossard, Marion ; Sandoz, Mélanie

In: Aging & Mental Health, 2014, vol. 18, no. 7, p. 815-827

Objectives: Theory of mind (ToM) performance in aging and dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) has been a growing interest of researchers and recently, theoretical trends in ToM development have led to a focus on determining the cognitive skills involved in ToM performance. The aim of the present review is to answer three main questions: How is ToM assessed in aging and DAT? How does ToM...