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Université de Fribourg

Injured axons instruct schwann cells to build constricting actin spheres to accelerate axonal disintegration

Vaquié, Adrien ; Sauvain, Alizée ; Duman, Mert ; Nocera, Gianluigi ; Egger, Boris ; Meyenhofer, Felix ; Falquet, Laurent ; Bartesaghi, Luca ; Chrast, Roman ; Lamy, Christophe Maurice ; Bang, Seokyoung ; Lee, Seung-Ryeol ; Jeon, Noo Li ; Ruff, Sophie ; Jacob, Claire

In: Cell Reports, 2019, vol. 27, no. 11, p. 3152-3166.e7

After a peripheral nerve lesion, distal ends of injured axons disintegrate into small fragments that are subsequently cleared by Schwann cells and later by macrophages. Axonal debris clearing is an early step of the repair process that facilitates regeneration. We show here that Schwann cells promote distal cut axon disintegration for timely clearing. By combining cell-based and in vivo...