Université de Fribourg

Cardiovascular responses to sugary drinks in humans: galactose presents milder cardiac effects than glucose or fructose

Charrière, Nathalie ; Loonam, Cathriona ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Grasser, Erik K.

In: European Journal of Nutrition, 2017, vol. 56, no. 6, p. 2105–2113

PurposeThere is increasing interest into the potentially beneficial effects of galactose for obesity and type 2 diabetes management as it is a low-glycemic sugar reported to increase satiety and fat mobilization. However, fructose is also a low-glycemic sugar but with greater blood pressure elevation effects than after glucose ingestion. Therefore, we investigated here the extent to which the...

Université de Fribourg

Postprandial thermogenesis and respiratory quotient in response to galactose: comparison with glucose and fructose in healthy young adults

Charrière, Nathalie ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Journal of Nutritional Science, 2016, vol. 5, p. -

Circumstantial evidence suggests that substitution of glucose or sucrose by the low- glycaemic index sugar galactose in the diet may lead to greater thermogenesis and/or fat oxidation. Using ventilated hood indirect calorimetry, we investigated, in twelve overnight-fasted adults, the resting energy expenditure (REE) and respiratory quotient (RQ) for 30 min before and 150 min after ingestion of...

Université de Fribourg

Energy expenditure and substrate oxidation in response to side-alternating whole body vibration across three commonly-used vibration frequencies

Fares, Elie-Jacques ; Charrière, Nathalie ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L.

In: PLOS ONE, 2016, vol. 11, no. 3, p. e0151552

There is increasing recognition about the importance of enhancing energy expenditure (EE) for weight control through increases in low-intensity physical activities comparable with daily life (1.5–4 METS). Whole-body vibration (WBV) increases EE modestly and could present both a useful adjuvant for obesity management and tool for metabolic phenotyping. However, it is unclear whether a...

Université de Fribourg

The thermic effect of sugar-free Red Bull: Do the non-caffeine bioactive ingredients in energy drinks play a role?

Miles-Chan, Jennifer L. ; Charrière, Nathalie ; Grasser, Erik K ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G

In: Obesity, 2015, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 16–19

Objective: Consumption of energy drinks is increasing amongst athletes and the general public. By virtue of their bioactive ingredients (including caffeine, taurine, glucuronolactone, and B-group vitamins) and paucity of calories, sugar-free “diet” versions of these drinks could be a useful aid for weight maintenance. Yet little is known about the acute influence of these drinks, and...