Università della Svizzera italiana

Antigen-specific Th17 cells are primed by distinct and complementary dendritic cell subsets in oropharyngeal candidiasis

Trautwein-Weidner, Kerstin ; Gladiator, André ; Kirchner, Florian R. ; Becattini, Simone ; Rülicke, Thomas ; Sallusto, Federica ; LeibundGut-Landmann, Salomé

In: PLoS pathogens, 2015, vol. 11, no. 10, p. e1005164

Candida spp. can cause severe and chronic mucocutaneous and systemic infections in immunocompromised individuals. Protection from mucocutaneous candidiasis depends on T helper cells, in particular those secreting IL-17. The events regulating T cell activation and differentiation toward effector fates in response to fungal invasion in different tissues are poorly understood. Here we generated...

Università della Svizzera italiana

ERK phosphorylation and miR-181a expression modulate activation of human memory TH17 cells

Mele, Federico ; Basso, Camilla ; Leoni, Cristina ; Aschenbrenner, Dominik ; Becattini, Simone ; Latorre, Daniela ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Sallusto, Federica ; Monticelli, Silvia

In: Nature communications, 2015, vol. 6, p. 6431

T helper (TH) cell polarization during priming is modulated by a number of signals, but whether polarization to a given phenotype also influences recall responses of memory TH cells is relatively unknown. Here we show that miR-181a is selectively induced in both human and mouse naive T cells differentiating into the TH17, but not TH1 or TH2 subset. In human memory TH17 cells, miR-181a...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The oral commensal Streptococcus mitis shows a mixed memory Th cell signature that is similar to and cross-reactive with Streptococcus pneumoniae

Engen, Stian André ; Rukke, Håkon Valen ; Becattini, Simone ; Jarrossay, David ; Blix, Inger Johanne ; Petersen, Fernanda Cristina ; Sallusto, Federica ; Schenck, Karl

In: Plos one, 2017, vol. 9, no. 8, p. e104306

Background: Carriage of and infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae is known to predominantly induce T helper 17 (Th17) responses in humans, but the types of Th cells showing reactivity towards commensal streptococci with low pathogenic potential, such as the oral commensals S. mitis and S. salivarius, remain uncharacterized. Methods: Memory CD4+ T helper (Th) cell subsets were isolated from...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Antibody-driven design of a human cytomegalovirus gHgLpUL128L subunit vaccine that selectively elicits potent neutralizing antibodies

Kabanovaa, Anna ; Perez, Laurent ; Lilleri, Daniele ; Marcandalli, Jessica ; Agatic, Gloria ; Becattini, Simone ; Preite, Silvia ; Fuschillo, Dario ; Percivalle,Elena ; Sallusto, Federica ; Gerna, Giuseppe ; Corti, Davide ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2014, vol. 111, no. 50, p. 17965-17970

The use of neutralizing antibodies to identify the most effective antigen has been proposed as a strategy to design vaccines capable of eliciting protective B-cell immunity. In this study, we analyzed the human antibody response to cytomegalovirus (human cytomegalovirus, HCMV) infection and found that antibodies to glycoprotein (g)B, a surface glycoprotein that has been developed as a HCMV...