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Université de Neuchâtel

The Great Depression and the Making of Turkish-Syrian Border, 1921–1939

Öztan, Ramazan Hakkı

In: International Journal of Middle East Studies, 2020, p. 1-16

This article explores how the Great Depression in 1929 led to the expansion of illicit circuits globally, and examines the ways in which the introduction of anti-smuggling campaigns came to consolidate the border regimes in Turkey and French Syria. The global economic downturn in the late 1920s led states to embrace protectionist measures such as heightened tariffs and import quotas, all designed...

Université de Neuchâtel

Republic of Conspiracies: Cross-Border Plots and the Making of Modern Turkey

Öztan, Ramazan Hakkı

In: Journal of Contemporary History, 2020, p. 1-22

In August 1935, British authorities tipped off Ankara about a team of assassins who were allegedly headed for Turkey to assassinate its president Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Within a month, the Turkish authorities arrested a number of suspects in the Turkish-Syrian borderland, and began to pressure London to extradite the Circassian masterminds of the plot who were then living in the British mandate...

Bibliothèque de Genève

Hommage à Micheline Tripet (1930-2018)

Roth-Lochner, Barbara ; Grange, Didier

In: Bulletin de la Société d'histoire et d'archéologie de Genève, 2016, no. 45, p. 89-93

Accès public à partir du 18 févr. 2022
Université de Neuchâtel

Citizen Strangers: Identity Labelling and Discourse in the French Mandatory Syria, 1920–1932

Abrahamyan, Victoria

In: Journal of Migration History, 2020, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 40-61

This article explores the roles played by Armenian refugees in the politics of identity in Mandatory Syria by examining how their arrival shaped the discourses of inclusion and exclusion. It does so by analysing three key events: the Armenians’ access to citizenship and voting rights (1924–1925), the Great Syrian Revolt (1925–1927), and the arrival of new Armenian refugees (1929–1930) –...

Accès public à partir du 5 févr. 2021
Université de Neuchâtel

« Des femmes contre des moutons » : Franchissements féminins de la frontière turco-syrienne (1929-1944)

Tejel Gorgas, Jordi

In: Revue d’histoire, 2020, vol. 145, no. 1, p. 35-47

Au cours des années 1930 et 1940, la frontière entre la Turquie et la Syrie sous mandat français s’avère bien plus poreuse que ne le souhaiteraient les autorités frontalières. Parmi les personnes passant d’un pays à l’autre se trouvent de nombreuses femmes pour lesquelles le franchissement de la frontière constitue souvent une manière de reprendre en main le cours de leur...

Accès public à partir du 11 août 2021
Université de Neuchâtel

States of Rumors: Politics of Information Along the Turkish-Syrian Border, 1925–1945

Tejel Gorgas, Jordi

In: Journal of Borderlands Studies, 2020, p. 1-19

In this article, I focus on the production and circulation along the Turkish-Syrian border of rumors about the imminent annexation of Northern Syria by Turkey in the interwar years. Drawing on Joel S. Migdal and Sabine Dullin’s works on the shared production of states and borders between the “center” and the “periphery”, this article suggests that the study of the webs of rumors and...

Accès public à partir du 18 févr. 2022
Université de Neuchâtel

The Special Issue ‘Forced Migration and Refugeedom in the Modern Middle East’ Towards Connected Histories of Refugeedom in the Middle East

Tejel Gorgas, Jordi ; Öztan, Ramazan Hakkı

In: Journal of Migration History, 2020, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 1-15

This special issue approaches the study of refugees and forcibly displaced persons in the Middle East beyond the analytic bounds dictated by states, nations and regions. Each author is interested in showing connections, influences, and far-reaching consequences that cut across analytic boundaries. By challenging state-centred accounts and instead placing refugees, institutions, and states in a...

Accès public à partir du 18 févr. 2022
Université de Neuchâtel

Settlement Law of 1934: Turkish Nationalism in the Age of Revisionism

Öztan, Ramazan Hakkı

In: Journal of Migration History, 2020, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 82-103

There is a strong tendency in Turkish historiography to approach Kemalist policies as purely domestic affairs that emanate from the centre in a top-down manner, reflecting the clear ideological positions of Ankara. The existing scholarship on the Settlement Law (1934), too, has read the development of Kemalist demographic policies in ideological terms, framing them in top-down modernist...