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Université de Fribourg

Arabidopsis thaliana class-II TGA transcription factors are essential activators of jasmonic acid/ethylene-induced defense responses

Zander, Mark ; Camera, Sylvain La ; Lamotte, Olivier ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Gatz, Christiane

In: The Plant Journal, 2010, vol. 61, no. 2, p. 200 - 210

The three closely related Arabidopsis basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors TGA2, TGA5 and TGA6 are required for the establishment of the salicylic acid (SA)-dependent plant defense response systemic acquired resistance, which is effective against biotrophic pathogens. Here we show that the same transcription factors are essential for the activation of jasmonic acid (JA)- and ethylene...

Université de Fribourg

Map kinase phosphatase1 and protein tyrosine phosphatase1 are repressors of salicylic acid synthesis and snc1-mediated responses in Arabidopsis

Bartels, Sebastian ; Anderson, Jeffrey C. ; Besteiro González, Marina A. ; Carreri, Alessandro ; Hirt, Heribert ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Peck, Scott C. ; Ulm, Roman

In: The Plant Cell, 2009, vol. 21, p. 2884-2897

Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase phosphatases are important negative regulators of the levels and kinetics of MAP kinase activation that modulate cellular responses. The dual-specificity phosphatase MAP KINASE PHOSPHATASE1 (MKP1) was previously shown to regulate MAP KINASE6 (MPK6) activation levels and abiotic stress responses in Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we report that the mkp1 null...

Université de Neuchâtel

Priming: Getting Ready for Battle

Conrath, Uwe ; Beckers, Gerold J. M. ; Flors, Victor ; García-Agustín, Pilar ; Jakab, Gábor ; Mauch, Felix ; Newman, Mari-Anne ; Pieterse, Corné M. J. ; Poinssot, Benoit ; Pozo, María J. ; Pugin, Alain ; Schaffrath, Ulrich ; Ton, Jurriaan ; Wendehenne, David ; Zimmerli, Laurent ; Mauch-Mani, Brigitte

In: Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 2006, vol. 19, no. 10, p. 1062-1071

Infection of plants by necrotizing pathogens or colonization of plant roots with certain beneficial microbes causes the induction of a unique physiological state called “ priming”. The primed state can also be induced by treatment of plants with various natural and synthetic compounds. Primed plants display either faster, stronger, or both activation of the various cellular defense responses...

Université de Neuchâtel

The xenobiotic β-aminobutyric acid enhances Arabidopsis thermotolerance

Zimmerli, Laurent ; Hou, Bi-Huei ; Tsai, Chia-Hong ; Jakab, Gabor ; Mauch-Mani, Brigitte ; Somerville, Shauna

In: The Plant Journal, 2007, vol. 53, no. 4, p. 144-156

The non-protein amino acid β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) primes Arabidopsis to respond more quickly and strongly to pathogen and osmotic stress. Here, we report that BABA also significantly enhances acquired thermotolerance in Arabidopsis. This thermotolerance was dependent on heat shock protein 101, a critical component of the normal heat-shock response. BABA did not enhance basal thermotolerance...

Université de Neuchâtel

Interplay between JA, SA and ABA signalling during basal and induced resistance against Pseudomonas syringae and Alternaria brassicicola

Flors, Victor ; Ton, Jurriaan ; van Doorn, Ronald ; Jakab, Gabor ; García-Agustín, Pilar ; Mauch-Mani, Brigitte

In: The Plant Journal, 2007, vol. 54, no. 1, p. 81-92

We have examined the role of the callose synthase PMR4 in basal resistance and β-aminobutyric acid-induced resistance (BABA-IR) of Arabidopsis thaliana against the hemi-biotrophic pathogen Pseudomonas syringae and the necrotrophic pathogen Alternaria brassicicola. Compared to wild-type plants, the pmr4-1 mutant displayed enhanced basal resistance against P....

Université de Fribourg

Methyl salicylate production and jasmonate signaling are not essential for systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis

Attaran, Elham ; Zeier, Tatiana E. ; Griebel, Thomas ; Zeier, Jürgen

In: The Plant Cell, 2009, vol. 21, p. 954-971

Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) develops in response to local microbial leaf inoculation and renders the whole plant more resistant to subsequent pathogen infection. Accumulation of salicylic acid (SA) in noninfected plant parts is required for SAR, and methyl salicylate (MeSA) and jasmonate (JA) are proposed to have critical roles during SAR long-distance signaling from inoculated to distant...

Université de Neuchâtel

Plant growth stage, fertiliser management and bio-inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria affect the rhizobacterial community structure in rain-fed wheat fields

Roesti, David ; Gaur, Rachna ; Johri, B. N. ; Imfeld, G. ; Sharma, S. ; Kawaljeet, K. ; Aragno, Michel

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2006, vol. 38, no. 5, p. 1111-1120

The goal of this study was first to assess the dynamics of the bacterial community during a growing season in three Indian rain-fed wheat fields which differ mainly through their fertilizer management and yield and then to study the effects of PGPR/AMF bio-inoculations on the bacterial community structure and wheat growth. The bacterial community structure of the rhizosphere soil (RS) and the...

Université de Fribourg

Pseudomonas syringae Elicits Emission of the Terpenoid (E,E)-4,8,12-Trimethyl-1,3,7,11-Tridecatetraene in Arabidopsis Leaves Via Jasmonate Signaling and Expression of the Terpene Synthase TPS4

Attaran, Elham ; Rostás, Michael ; Zeier, Jürgen

In: Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 2008, vol. 21, no. 11, p. 1482-1497

Volatile, low–molecular weight terpenoids have been implicated in plant defenses, but their direct role in resistance against microbial pathogens is not clearly defined. We have examined a possible role of terpenoid metabolism in the induced defense of Arabidopsis thaliana plants against leaf infection with the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Inoculation of plants with...

Université de Fribourg

Wounding of Arabidopsis leaves causes a powerful but transient protection against Botrytis infection

Chassot, Céline ; Buchala, Antony ; Schoonbeek, Henk-jan ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Lamotte, Olivier

In: The Plant Journal, 2008///doi:10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03540.x

Physical injury inflicted on living tissue makes it vulnerable to invasion by pathogens. Wounding of Arabidopsis thaliana leaves, however, does not conform to this concept and leads to immunity to Botrytis cinerea, the causal agent of grey mould. In wounded leaves, hyphal growth was strongly inhibited compared to unwounded controls. Wound-induced resistance was not associated with salicylic...

Université de Fribourg

Characterization and biological function of the ISOCHORISMATE SYNTHASE 2 gene of Arabidopsis thaliana

Garcion, Christophe ; Lohmann, Antje ; Lamodiere, Elisabeth ; Catinot, Jeremy ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Doermann, Peter ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre

In: Plant Physiology, 2009, p. -

Salicylic acid (SA) is an important mediator of plant defense response. In Arabidopsis thaliana, this compound was proposed to derive mainly from isochorismate, itself produced from chorismate through the activity of ICS1 (Isochorismate Synthase1). Null ics1 mutants still accumulate some SA, suggesting the existence of an enzymatic activity redundant with ICS1 or of an alternative...