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Université de Fribourg

An atomistic look into bio-inspired nanoparticles and their molecular interactions with cells

Petretto, Emanuele ; Campomanes, Pablo ; Stellacci, Francesco ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Vanni, Stefano

In: CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 2019, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 78–80

Nanoparticles (NPs) have sizes that approach those of pathogens and they can interact with the membranes of eukaryotic cells in an analogous fashion. Typically, NPs are taken up by the cell via the plasma membrane by receptor-mediated processes and subsequently interact with various endomembranes. Unlike pathogens, however, NPs lack the remarkable specificity gained during the evolutionary...

Université de Fribourg

Templated assembly of pore-forming peptides in lipid membranes

Fennouri, Aziz ; List, Jonathan ; Dupasquier, Jessica ; Haeni, Laetitia ; Vanni, Stefano ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Mayer, Michael

In: CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 2019, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 59–62

Pore-forming peptides are of interest due to their antimicrobial activity and ability to form gateways through lipid membranes. Chemical modification of these peptides makes it possible to arrange several peptide monomers into well-defined pore-forming structures using various templating strategies. These templated super-structures can exert antimicrobial activity at significantly lower total...

Université de Fribourg

Valuable carcasses: postmortem preservation of fatty acid composition in heart tissue

Currie, Shannon E. ; Mène-Saffrané, Laurent ; Fasel, Nicolas J.

In: Conservation Physiology, 2019, vol. 7, no. 1, p. -

In order to effectively conserve species, we must understand the structure and function of integral mechanisms at all levels of organismal organisation, from intracellular biochemistry to whole animal ecophysiology. The accuracy of biochemical analyses depend on the quality and integrity of the samples analysed. It is believed that tissue samples collected immediately postmortem provide the...

Haute Ecole d'Ingénierie

Mobilité flexible

Arumugam, Mariatharsan ; Morand, Gilbert (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute Ecole d'Ingénierie, 2018.

Développer un outil informatique d’aide à la décision qui joue des scénarios liés à la mobilité. Le logiciel met en oeuvre des techniques dites de «Monte-Carlo» pour générer en sortie un tableau de bord groupant divers indicateurs de performance de mobilité.

Université de Fribourg

Tsr4 and Nap1, two novel members of the ribosomal protein chaperOME

Rössler, Ingrid ; Embacher, Julia ; Pillet, Benjamin ; Murat, Guillaume ; Liesinger, Laura ; Hafner, Jutta ; Unterluggauer, Julia Judith ; Birner-Gruenberger, Ruth ; Kressler, Dieter ; Pertschy, Brigitte

In: Nucleic Acids Research, 2019, p. gkz317

Dedicated chaperones protect newly synthesized ribosomal proteins (r-proteins) from aggregation and accompany them on their way to assembly into nascent ribosomes. Currently, only nine of the ∼80 eukaryotic r-proteins are known to be guarded by such chaperones. In search of new dedicated r-protein chaperones, we performed a tandem-affinity purification based screen and looked for factors...

Université de Fribourg

Species delimitation in the East Asian species of the relict tree genus Zelkova (Ulmaceae): A complex history of diversification and admixture among species

Naciri, Yamama ; Christe, Camille ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Song, Yi-Gang ; Deng, Min ; Garfì, Giuseppe ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2019, vol. 134, p. 172–185

Zelkova species, trees of the elm family (Ulmaceae), are part of the Cenozoic relict flora. In western Eurasia, the genus comprises three species that are restricted to disjunct areas (Z. sicula on Sicily, Z. abelicea on Crete and Z. carpinifolia in Transcaucasia). The situation is different in East Asia, where three species (Z. serrata, Z. schneideriana and Z. sinica) have at least partly...

Université de Fribourg

Overcoming sexual sterility in conservation of endangered species: the prominent role of biotechnology in the multiplication of Zelkova sicula (Ulmaceae), a relict tree at the brink of extinction

Carra, Angela ; Catalano, Caterina ; Badalamenti, Ornella ; Carimi, Francesco ; Pasta, Salvatore ; Motisi, Antonio ; Abbate, Loredana ; La Bella, Francesca ; Fazan, Laurence ; Kozlowski, Gregor ; Garfì, Giuseppe

In: Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC), 2019, vol. 137, no. 1, p. 139–148

Biotechnology provides valuable tools to support conservation of plant species, especially in case of threatened taxa or when dealing with seed unavailability, low viability or sterility. However, plant cell culture methods have often to face problems associated with tissue recalcitrance to in vitro systems. Recalcitrance can be related to a variety of triggering factors, involving many...

Université de Fribourg

The auxin influx carrier, OsAUX3, regulates rice root development and responses to aluminium stress

Wang, Mei ; Qiao, JiYue ; Yu, ChenLiang ; Chen, Hao ; Sun, ChenDong ; Huang, LinZhou ; Li, ChuanYou ; Geisler, Markus ; Qian, Qian ; Jiang, De An ; Qi, YanHua

In: Plant, Cell & Environment, 2019, vol. 42, no. 4, p. 1125–1138

In rice, there are five members of the auxin carrier AUXIN1/LIKE AUX1 family; however, the biological functions of the other four members besides OsAUX1 remain unknown. Here, by using CRISPR/Cas9, we constructed two independent OsAUX3 knock‐down lines, osaux3‐1 and osaux3‐2, in wild‐type rice, Hwayoung (WT/HY) and Dongjin (WT/DJ). osaux3‐1 and osaux3‐2 have shorter primary roots...

Université de Fribourg

The adaptive significance of chromosomal inversion polymorphisms in Drosophila melanogaster

Kapun, Martin ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Molecular Ecology, 2019, vol. 28, no. 6, p. 1263–1282

Chromosomal inversions, structural mutations that reverse a segment of a chromosome, cause suppression of recombination in the heterozygous state. Several studies have shown that inversion polymorphisms can form clines or fluctuate predictably in frequency over seasonal time spans. These observations prompted the hypothesis that chromosomal rearrangements might be subject to spatially and/or ...