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Université de Fribourg

Never and under cervical cancer screening in Switzerland and Belgium: trends and inequalities

Jolidon, Vladimir ; Prez, Vincent De ; Willems, Barbara ; Bracke, Piet ; Cullati, Stéphane ; Burton-Jeangros, Claudine

In: BMC Public Health, 2020, vol. 20, no. 1, p. 1517

Research on inequalities in cervical cancer screening (CCS) participation has overlooked the distinction between ‘never-’ and ‘under-screeners’ while different socioeconomic and demographic determinants may underlie ‘non-’ and ‘under-’ screening participation. This study examines socioeconomic and demographic inequalities in never and under CCS participation. We compare...

Public access from Sep 21, 2022
Università della Svizzera italiana

Corporate social responsibility and information and communication technology in the digital age

Schultz, Mario Dominik ; Seele, Peter (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020COM003.

Pervasive digital technologies are transforming economies and societies worldwide. This dissertation focuses on Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) as the dominant model of business ethics over the last decades, in an attempt to better understand the digital transformation. Digitalization represents a fundamental and challenging transformation and promises to touch on almost all areas of...

Université de Neuchâtel

Individuals’ strategies for wellbeing during the integration process : an empirical study of capabilities and opportunities through the eyes of Syrian refugees in the Canton of Vaud, in Switzerland

Widmer, Irina Alexandra ; Suter, Brigitte (Dir.)

Mémoire de master : Université de Neuchâtel, 2020.

Integration concerns everyone in society as a constantly on-going process of constructing belonging and participation as a member of the group. The common objective of the process for individuals is to increase their subjective wellbeing, according to their individual values. However, refugees undergo an extreme case of integration, with all aspects of their life being impacted at once....

Université de Fribourg

Mitophagy and mitochondria biogenesis are differentially induced in rat skeletal muscles during immobilization and/or remobilization

Deval, Christiane ; Calonne, Julie ; Coudy-Gandilhon, Cécile ; Vazeille, Emilie ; Bechet, Daniel ; Polge, Cécile ; Taillandier, Daniel ; Attaix, Didier ; Combaret, Lydie

In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, vol. 21, no. 10, p. 3691

Mitochondria alterations are a classical feature of muscle immobilization, and autophagy is required for the elimination of deficient mitochondria (mitophagy) and the maintenance of muscle mass. We focused on the regulation of mitochondrial quality control during immobilization and remobilization in rat gastrocnemius (GA) and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles, which have very different atrophy...

Université de Fribourg

Scientists’ warning on invasive alien species

Pyšek, Petr ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Simberloff, Dan ; Bacher, Sven ; Blackburn, Tim M. ; Carlton, James T. ; Dawson, Wayne ; Essl, Franz ; Foxcroft, Llewellyn C. ; Genovesi, Piero ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Liebhold, Andrew M. ; Mandrak, Nicholas E. ; Meyerson, Laura A. ; Pauchard, Aníbal ; Pergl, Jan ; Roy, Helen E. ; Seebens, Hanno ; Kleunen, Mark ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Wingfield, Michael J. ; Richardson, David M.

In: Biological Reviews, 2020, p. brv.12627

Biological invasions are a global consequence of an increasingly connected world and the rise in human population size. The numbers of invasive alien species – the subset of alien species that spread widely in areas where they are not native, affecting the environment or human livelihoods – are increasing. Synergies with other global changes are exacerbating current invasions and...

Université de Fribourg

Biocontrol of invasive weeds under climate change: progress, challenges and management implications

Sun, Yan ; Ding, Jianqing ; Siemann, Evan ; Keller, Stephen R.

In: Current Opinion in Insect Science, 2020, vol. 38, p. 72–78

Climate change is predicted to increase the frequency and impact of plant invasions, creating a need for new control strategies as part of mitigation planning. The complex interactions between invasive plants and biocontrol agents have created distinct policy and management challenges, including the effectiveness and risk assessment of biocontrol under different climate change scenarios. In...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Changes in breast cancer management during the Corona Virus Disease 19 pandemic : an international survey of the European Breast Cancer Research Association of Surgical Trialists (EUBREAST)

Gasparri, Maria Luisa ; Gentilini, Oreste Davide ; Lueftner, Diana ; Kuehn, Thorsten ; Kaidar-Person, Orit ; Poortmans, Philip

In: The breast, 2020, vol. 52, p. 110-115

Background: Corona Virus Disease 19 (COVID-19) had a worldwide negative impact on healthcare systems, which were not used to coping with such pandemic. Adaptation strategies prioritizing COVID-19 patients included triage of patients and reduction or re-allocation of other services. The aim of our survey was to provide a real time international snapshot of modifications of breast cancer...

Université de Fribourg

Estimating glacier-bed overdeepenings as possible sites of future lakes in the de-glaciating Mont Blanc massif (Western European Alps)

Magnin, F. ; Haeberli, W. ; Linsbauer, Andreas ; Deline, P. ; Ravanel, L.

In: Geomorphology, 2020, vol. 350, p. 106913

De-glaciating high mountain areas result in new landscapes of bedrock and debris where permafrost can degrade, persist or even newly form in cases, and of new lakes in glacier bed overdeepenings (GBOs) becoming ice-free. These landscapes with new lakes in close neighborhood to over-steepened and perennially frozen slopes are prone to chain reaction processes (e.g. rock-ice avalanches into...

Université de Fribourg

Hierarchically porous reduced graphene oxide coated with metal–organic framework hkust-1 for enhanced hydrogen gas affinity

Song, Kyung Seob ; Kim, Daeok ; Coskun, Ali

In: ACS Applied Nano Materials, 2020, vol. 3, no. 2, p. 985–991

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are crystalline porous materials that have been actively explored for various gas storage, separation, and conversion applications because of their structural tunability. While the micropores (<2 nm) in MOFs are essential for increased gas affinity, these small pores significantly decrease the mass-transport kinetics. One way to address this challenge is to ...

Université de Fribourg

Of circuits and brains: the origin and diversification of neural architectures

Martinez, Pedro ; Sprecher, Simon G.

In: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 2020, vol. 8, p. 82

Nervous systems are complex cellular structures that allow animals to interact with their environment, which includes both the external and the internal milieu. The astonishing diversity of nervous system architectures present in all animal clades has prompted the idea that selective forces must have shaped them over evolutionary time. In most cases, neurons seem to coalesce into specific ...