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Université de Fribourg

Novel insights on the geomagnetic field in West Africa from a new intensity reference curve (0-2000 AD)

Kapper, Lisa ; Serneels, Vincent ; Panovska, Sanja ; Ruíz, Rafael García ; Hellio, Gabrielle ; Groot, Lennart de ; Goguitchaichvili, Avto ; Morales, Juan ; Ruíz, Rubén Cejudo

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 1121

The geomagnetic field variations on the continent of Africa are still largely undeciphered for the past two millennia. In spite of archaeological artefacts being reliable recorders of the ancient geomagnetic field strength, only few data have been reported for this continent so far. Here we use the Thellier-Coe and calibrated pseudo- Thellier methods to recover archaeointensity data from...

Université de Fribourg

Particle surfaces to study macrophage adherence, migration, and clearance

Septiadi, Dedy ; Lee, Aaron ; Spuch‐Calvar, Miguel ; Moore, Thomas Lee ; Spiaggia, Giovanni ; Abdussalam, Wildan ; Rodriguez‐Lorenzo, Laura ; Taladriz‐Blanco, Patricia ; Rothen‐Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri‐Fink, Alke

In: Advanced Functional Materials, 2020, p. 2002630

Nanoparticle adsorption to substrates pose a unique challenge to understand uptake mechanisms as it involves the organization of complex cytoskeletal components by cells to perform endocytosis/phagocytosis. In particular, it is not well‐understood from a cell mechanics perspective how the adhesion of particles on substrate will influence the ease of material clearance. By using a particle...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Role of ETS1 in the transcriptional network of diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the activated B cell-like type

Priebe, Valdemar ; Sartori, Giulio ; Napoli, Sara ; Chung, Elaine Yee Lin ; Cascione, Luciano ; Kwee, Ivo ; Arribas, Alberto Jesus ; Mensah, Afua Adjeiwaa ; Rinaldi, Andrea ; Ponzoni, Maurilio ; Zucca, Emanuele ; Rossi, Davide ; Efremov, Dimitar ; Lenz, Georg ; Thome, Margot ; Bertoni, Francesco

In: Cancers, 2020, vol. 12, no. 7, p. 17 p

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogenous disease that has been distinguished into at least two major molecular entities, the germinal center-like B cell (GCB) DLBCL and activated-like B cell (ABC) DLBCL, based on transcriptome expression profiling. A recurrent ch11q24.3 gain is observed in roughly a fourth of DLBCL cases resulting in the overexpression of two ETS transcription...

Université de Fribourg

Local Berry curvature signatures in dichroic angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy from two-dimensional materials

Schüler, Michael ; Giovannini, Umberto De ; Hübener, Hannes ; Rubio, Angel ; Sentef, Michael A. ; Werner, Philipp

In: Science Advances, 2020, vol. 6, no. 9, p. eaay2730

Topologically nontrivial two-dimensional materials hold great promise for next- generation optoelectronic applications. However, measuring the Hall or spin-Hall response is often a challenge and practically limited to the ground state. An experimental technique for tracing the topological character in a differential fashion would provide useful insights. In this work, we show that circular...

Université de Fribourg

Backfolded acoustic phonons as ultrasonic probes in metal-oxide superlattices

Lyzwa, F. ; Chan, A. ; Khmaladze, Jarji ; Fürsich, K. ; Keimer, B. ; Bernhard, Christian ; Minola, M. ; Mallett, Benjamin P. P.

In: Physical Review Materials, 2020, vol. 4, no. 4, p. 043606

Ultrasonics have been an incisive probe of internal interfaces in a wide variety of systems ranging from stars to solids. For thin-film structures, however, ultrasound is largely ineffective because the signal is dominated by the substrate. Using confocal Raman spectromicroscopy, we show that multiple reflection of sound waves at internal interfaces of a metal-oxide superlattice generates...

Université de Fribourg

Magneto-optics of a Weyl semimetal beyond the conical band approximation: case study of tap

Polatkan, S. ; Goerbig, M. O. ; Wyzula, J. ; Kemmler, R. ; Maulana, L. Z. ; Piot, B. A. ; Crassee, I. ; Akrap, Ana ; Shekhar, C. ; Felser, C. ; Dressel, M. ; Pronin, A. V. ; Orlita, M.

In: Physical Review Letters, 2020, vol. 124, no. 17, p. 176402

Landau-level spectroscopy, the optical analysis of electrons in materials subject to a strong magnetic field, is a versatile probe of the electronic band structure and has been successfully used in the identification of novel states of matter such as Dirac electrons, topological materials or Weyl semimetals. The latter arise from a complex interplay between crystal symmetry, spin-orbit...

Université de Fribourg

Canonical parameterizations of metric disks

Lytchak, Alexander ; Wenger, Stefan

In: Duke Mathematical Journal, 2020, vol. 169, no. 4, p. 761–797

We use the recently established existence and regularity of area and energy minimizing disks in metric spaces to obtain canonical parameterizations of metric surfaces. Our approach yields a new and conceptually simple proof of a well-known theorem of Bonk and Kleiner on the existence of quasisymmetric parameterizations of linearly locally connected, Ahlfors 2-regular metric 2-spheres....

Université de Fribourg

Electron–phonon-driven three-dimensional metallicity in an insulating cuprate

Baldini, Edoardo ; Sentef, Michael A. ; Acharya, Swagata ; Brumme, Thomas ; Sheveleva, Evgeniia ; Lyzwa, Fryderyk ; Pomjakushina, Ekaterina ; Bernhard, Christian ; van Schilfgaarde, Mark ; Carbone, Fabrizio ; Rubio, Angel ; Weber, Cédric

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, vol. 117, no. 12, p. 6409-6416

The role of the crystal lattice for the electronic properties of cuprates and other high-temperature superconductors remains controversial despite decades of theoretical and experimental efforts. While the paradigm of strong electronic correlations suggests a purely electronic mechanism behind the insulator-to-metal transition, recently the mutual enhancement of the electron–electron and the...

Université de Fribourg

Alleviating the sign problem in quantum Monte Carlo simulations of spin-orbit-coupled multiorbital Hubbard models

Kim, Aaram J. ; Werner, Philipp ; Valentí, Roser

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 4, p. 045108

We present a strategy to alleviate the sign problem in continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo (CTQMC) simulations of the dynamical-mean-field-theory (DMFT) equations for the spin-orbit-coupled multiorbital Hubbard model. We first identify the combinations of rotationally invariant Hund coupling terms present in the relativistic basis which lead to a severe sign problem. Exploiting the fact that...

Université de Fribourg

3-Mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase supports endothelial cell angiogenesis and bioenergetics

Abdollahi Govar, Armita ; Törő, Gábor ; Szaniszlo, Peter ; Pavlidou, Athanasia ; Bibli, Sofia‐Iris ; Thanki, Ketan ; Resto, Vicente A. ; Chao, Celia ; Hellmich, Mark R. ; Szabo, Csaba ; Papapetropoulos, Andreas ; Módis, Katalin

In: British Journal of Pharmacology, 2020, vol. 177, no. 4, p. 866–883

During angiogenesis, quiescent endothelial cells (ECs) are activated by various stimuli to form new blood vessels from pre‐existing ones in physiological and pathological conditions. Many research groups have shown that hydrogen sulfide (H2S), the newest member of the gasotransmitter family, acts as a proangiogenic factor. To date, very little is known about the regulatory role of...