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Université de Fribourg

Assessing the impact of diagenesis on foraminiferal geochemistry from a low latitude, shallow-water drift deposit

Stainbank, Stephanie ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; Boever, Eva De ; Bouvier, Anne-Sophie ; Chilcott, Colin ; Leau, Erica S.de ; Foubert, Anneleen ; Kunkelova, Tereza ; Pichevin, Laetitia ; Raddatz, Jacek ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; D.Wright, James ; M.Yu, Siyao ; Zhang, Manlin ; Kroon, Dick

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2020, vol. 545, p. 116390

Due to their large heat and moisture storage capabilities, the tropics are fundamental in modulating both regional and global climate. Furthermore, their thermal response during past extreme warming periods, such as super interglacials, is not fully resolved. In this regard, we present high-resolution (analytical) foraminiferal geochemical (δ18O and Mg/Ca) records for the last 1800 kyr from...

Université de Fribourg

Resonance raman optical activity shows unusual structural sensitivity for systems in resonance with multiple excited states: vitamin B12 case

Machalska, Ewa ; Zajac, Grzegorz ; Gruca, Anna ; Zobi, Fabio ; Baranska, Malgorzata ; Kaczor, Agnieszka

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2020, vol. 11, no. 13, p. 5037–5043

In this work, cobalamins with different upper axial substituents and a cobalamin derivative with a ring modification were studied using chiroptical spectroscopies, in particular resonance Raman optical activity (RROA), to shed light on the influence of structural modifications on RROA spectra in these strongly chiral systems in resonance with multiple excited states at 532 nm excitation. We...

Université de Fribourg

The yeast cell wall protein Pry3 inhibits mating through highly conserved residues within the CAP domain

Cottier, Stéphanie ; Darwiche, Rabih ; Meyenhofer, Felix ; Debelyy, Mykhaylo O. ; Schneiter, Roger

In: Biology Open, 2020, vol. 9, no. 6, p. bio053470

Members of the CAP/SCP/TAPS superfamily have been implicated in many different physiological processes, including pathogen defense, sperm maturation and fertilization. The mode of action of this class of proteins, however, remains poorly understood. The genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes three CAP superfamily members, Pry1-3. We have previously shown that Pry1 function is required...

Université de Fribourg

Signatures of bosonic excitations in high-harmonic spectra of Mott insulators

Lysne, Markus ; Murakami, Yuta ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 19, p. 195139

The high-harmonic spectrum of the Mott insulating Hubbard model has recently been shown to exhibit plateau structures with cutoff energies determined by nth-nearest- neighbor doublon-holon recombination processes. The spectrum thus allows one to extract the on-site repulsion U. Here, we consider generalizations of the single-band Hubbard model and discuss the signatures of bosonic excitations...

Université de Fribourg

Examining the surface phase diagram of ${\mathrm{IrTe}}_{2}$ with photoemission

Rumo, Maxime ; Nicholson, Christopher W. ; Pulkkinen, Aki ; Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Kremer, Geoffroy ; Salzmann, Bjoern ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Ma, K. Y. ; Wong, E. L. ; Man, M. K. L. ; Dani, K. M. ; Barbiellini, B. ; Muntwiler, Matthias ; Jaouen, Thomas ; Rohr, F. O. von ; Monney, Claude

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 23, p. 235120

In the transition metal dichalcogenide IrTe2, low-temperature charge-ordered phase transitions involving Ir dimers lead to the occurrence of stripe phases of different periodicities, and nearly degenerate energies. Bulk-sensitive measurements have shown that, upon cooling, IrTe2 undergoes two such first-order transitions to (5×1×5) and (8×1×8) reconstructed phases at Tc1∼280 K and...

Université de Fribourg

Adsorption-induced kondo effect in metal-free phthalocyanine on Ag(111)

Granet, J. ; Sicot, M. ; Gerber, I. C. ; Kremer, Geoffroy ; Pierron, T. ; Kierren, B. ; Moreau, L. ; Fagot-Revurat, Y. ; Lamare, S. ; Chérioux, F. ; Malterre, D.

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2020, vol. 124, no. 19, p. 10441–10452

We report on the formation of a two-dimensional supramolecular Kondo lattice made of organic molecules comprising only C, N, and H atoms, namely metal-free phthalocyanines 2HPc (C32H18N8), adsorbed on a Ag(111) surface. Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (LT-STM/STS), ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), and density functional theory (DFT) are used to...

Université de Fribourg

Superconductivity-induced transverse plasma mode and phonon anomaly in the $c$-axis response of the bilayer compound ${\mathrm{RbCa}}_{2}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{4}{\mathrm{As}}_{4}{\mathrm{F}}_{2}$

Xu, Bing ; Munzar, Dominik ; Dubroka, Adam ; Sheveleva, Evgeniia ; Lyzwa, Fryderyk ; Maršík, Premysl ; Wang, C. N. ; Wang, Z. C. ; Cao, G. H. ; Bernhard, Christian

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 21, p. 214512

We studied the infrared response of polycrystalline samples of the iron arsenide superconductor (Rb,Cs)Ca2Fe4As4F2 (Rb,Cs-12442), which has a bilayer structure similar to the high-Tc cuprates YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) and Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8. The c-axis reflectivity spectra Rc have been derived from the reflectivity spectra of the polycrystalline samples Rpoly and the in-plane spectrum of a corresponding...

Université de Fribourg

A nano-rattle SnO2@carbon composite anode material for high-energy Li-ion batteries by melt diffusion impregnation

Maharajan, Sivarajakumar ; Kwon, Nam Hee ; Brodard, Pierre ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Nanomaterials, 2020, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 804

The huge volume expansion in Sn-based alloy anode materials (up to 360%) leads to a dramatic mechanical stress and breaking of particles, resulting in the loss of conductivity and thereby capacity fading. To overcome this issue, SnO2@C nano- rattle composites based on < 10 nm SnO2 nanoparticles in and on porous amorphous carbon spheres were synthesized using a silica template and tin melting...

Université de Fribourg

Metal nanoparticle–microbe interactions: synthesis and antimicrobial effects

Khan, Mujeebur R. ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Rizvi, Tanveer F. ; Giese, Bernd ; Ahamad, Faheem ; Turner, Raymond J. ; Füeg, Michael ; Marsili, Enrico

In: Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, 2020, vol. 37, no. 5, p. 1900419

Metal nanoparticles (NPs), chalcogenides, and carbon quantum dots can be easily synthesized from whole microorganisms (fungi and bacteria) and cell‐free sterile filtered spent medium. The particle size distribution and the biosynthesis time can be somewhat controlled through the biomass/metal solution ratio. The biosynthetic mechanism can be explained through the ion‐reduction theory and...

Université de Fribourg

Covalent triazine frameworks incorporating charged polypyrrole channels for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries

Kim, Jiheon ; Elabd, Ahmed ; Chung, Sung-Yoon ; Coskun, Ali ; Choi, Jang Wook

In: Chemistry of Materials, 2020, vol. 32, no. 10, p. 4185–4193

Organosulfur polymers have emerged as promising electrode materials for lithium– sulfur (Li–S) batteries, mainly because of their ability to incorporate and stabilize high sulfur content. The low ionic and electronic conductivity of these polymers, however, limit their cycling performance at high active mass loadings. Moreover, Li–polysulfide (Li–PS) shuttling, a fatal phenomenon in...