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Université de Fribourg

Scientists’ warning on invasive alien species

Pyšek, Petr ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Simberloff, Dan ; Bacher, Sven ; Blackburn, Tim M. ; Carlton, James T. ; Dawson, Wayne ; Essl, Franz ; Foxcroft, Llewellyn C. ; Genovesi, Piero ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Liebhold, Andrew M. ; Mandrak, Nicholas E. ; Meyerson, Laura A. ; Pauchard, Aníbal ; Pergl, Jan ; Roy, Helen E. ; Seebens, Hanno ; Kleunen, Mark ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Wingfield, Michael J. ; Richardson, David M.

In: Biological Reviews, 2020, p. brv.12627

Biological invasions are a global consequence of an increasingly connected world and the rise in human population size. The numbers of invasive alien species – the subset of alien species that spread widely in areas where they are not native, affecting the environment or human livelihoods – are increasing. Synergies with other global changes are exacerbating current invasions and...

Université de Fribourg

Nanostructure generation during milk digestion in presence of a cell culture model simulating the small intestine

Hempt, Claudia ; Gontsarik, Mark ; Buerki-Thurnherr, Tina ; Hirsch, Cordula ; Salentinig, Stefan

In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2020, vol. 574, p. 430–440

Hypothesis: The development of advanced oral delivery systems for bioactive compounds requires the fundamental understanding of the digestion process within the gastrointestinal tract. Towards this goal, dynamic invitro digestion models, capable of characterising the molecular as well as colloidal aspects of food, together with their biological interactions with relevant invitro cell culture...

Université de Fribourg

Role of 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase in the regulation of proliferation, migration, and bioenergetics in murine colon cancer cells

Augsburger, Fiona ; Randi, Elisa B. ; Jendly, Mathieu ; Ascencao, Kelly ; Nahzli Dilek ; Szabo, Csaba

In: Biomolecules, 2020, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 447

3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3-MST) has emerged as one of the significant sources of biologically active sulfur species in various mammalian cells. The current study was designed to investigate the functional role of 3- MST’s catalytic activity in the murine colon cancer cell line CT26. The novel pharmacological 3-MST inhibitor HMPSNE was used to assess cancer cell proliferation,...

Université de Fribourg

Richness, phylogenetic diversity, and abundance all have positive effects on invader performance in an arid ecosystem

El‐Barougy, Reham ; Mac, Ivor, J. Scott ; Arnillas, Carlos A. ; Nada, Reham M. ; Khedr, Abdel‐Hamid A. ; Cadotte, Marc W.

In: Ecosphere, 2020, vol. 11, no. 2, p. -

In search of generalities in biological invasions, it is sometimes forgotten that invader success can be a function of both the diversity of the invaded community and the relatedness of the invader relative to community residents. Both qualities are likely to be especially important in stressful ecosystems, and identifying the species and community attributes that influence biological ...

Université de Fribourg

Computational network biology: Data, models, and applications

Liu, Chuang ; Ma, Yifang ; Zhao, Jing ; Nussinov, Ruth ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng ; Cheng, Feixiong ; Zhang, Zi-Ke

In: Physics Reports, 2020, vol. 846, p. 1–66

Biological entities are involved in intricate and complex interactions, in which uncovering the biological information from the network concepts are of great significance. Benefiting from the advances of network science and high-throughput biomedical technologies, studying the biological systems from network biology has attracted much attention in recent years, and networks have long been...

Université de Fribourg

Polymerization‐induced wrinkled surfaces with controlled topography as slippery surfaces for colorado potato beetles

Bergmann, Johannes B. ; Moatsou, Dafni ; Surapaneni, Venkata A. ; Thielen, Marc ; Speck, Thomas ; Wilts, Bodo D. ; Steiner, Ullrich

In: Advanced Materials Interfaces, 2020, p. 2000129

Controlling the interaction of insect populations with their host plants has recently received renewed attention in the light of pest control. One way to modify the interaction of insects with their host plants in a non‐chemical way is through influence of their de/attachment. Insect detachment has been observed for textured biological and structured artificial surfaces with morphologies ...

Université de Fribourg

Of circuits and brains: the origin and diversification of neural architectures

Martinez, Pedro ; Sprecher, Simon G.

In: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 2020, vol. 8, p. 82

Nervous systems are complex cellular structures that allow animals to interact with their environment, which includes both the external and the internal milieu. The astonishing diversity of nervous system architectures present in all animal clades has prompted the idea that selective forces must have shaped them over evolutionary time. In most cases, neurons seem to coalesce into specific ...

Université de Fribourg

Embryonic photosynthesis affects post-germination plant growth

Sela, Ayala ; Piskurewicz, Urszula ; Megies, Christian ; Mène-Saffrané, Laurent ; Finazzi, Giovanni ; Lopez-Molina, Luis

In: Plant Physiology, 2020, vol. 182, no. 4, p. 2166–2181

Photosynthesis is the fundamental process fueling plant vegetative growth and development. The progeny of plants relies on maternal photosynthesis, via food reserves in the seed, to supply the necessary energy for seed germination and early seedling establishment. Intriguingly, before seed maturation, Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) embryos are also photosynthetically active, the...

Université de Fribourg

In-season leaf damage by a biocontrol agent explains reproductive output of an invasive plant species

Augustinus, Benno A. ; Lommen, Suzanne T.E. ; Fogliatto, Silvia ; Vidotto, Francesco ; Smith, Tessa ; Horvath, David ; Bonini, Maira ; Gentili, Rodolfo F. ; Citterio, Sandra ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Schaffner, Urs

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 55, p. 117–146

One of the biggest challenges in classical biological control of invasive weeds is predicting the likelihood of success. Ambrosia artemisiifolia, a North American plant species that has become invasive in Europe, causes economic losses due to health problems resulting from its huge amount of highly allergenic pollen and as a weed to agricultural crops resulting from high seed densities. Here...

Université de Fribourg

Biological weed control to relieve millions from Ambrosia allergies in Europe

Schaffner, Urs ; Steinbach, Sandro ; Sun, Yan ; Skjøth, Carsten A. ; Weger, Letty A. de ; Lommen, Suzanne T. ; Augustinus, Benno A. ; Bonini, Maira ; Karrer, Gerhard ; Šikoparija, Branko ; Thibaudon, Michel ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Nature Communications, 2020, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 1745

Invasive alien species (IAS) can substantially affect ecosystem services and human well-being. However, quantitative assessments of their impact on human health are rare and the benefits of implementing IAS management likely to be underestimated. Here we report the effects of the allergenic plant Ambrosia artemisiifolia on public health in Europe and the potential impact of the accidentally...