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Université de Fribourg

Biomechanical agreement between different imitation jumps and hill jumps in ski jumping

Ketterer, Jakob ; Gollhofer, Albert ; Lauber, Benedikt

In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2020, p. sms.13834

Even though the take‐off in ski jumping is decisive, athletes only have a very limited number of training trials on the actual ski jump to practice under real ski jump conditions. Hence, various imitation jumps aiming to mimic the hill jump are performed during daily training. These imitation jumps should therefore mimic the kinematic pattern of hill jumps appropriately. This study aimed to...

Université de Fribourg

A systematic review and meta-analysis on neural adaptations following blood flow restriction training: what we know and what we don’t know

Centner, Christoph ; Lauber, Benedikt

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2020, vol. 11, p. -

Objective: To summarize the existing evidence on the long-term effects of low-load (LL) blood flow restricted (BFR) exercise on neural markers including both central and peripheral adaptations.Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. The literature search was performed independently by two reviewers in the following electronic databases:...

Université de Fribourg

Training‐, muscle‐ and task‐specific up‐ and downregulation of cortical inhibitory processes

Taube, Wolfgang ; Gollhofer, Albert ; Lauber, Benedikt

In: European Journal of Neuroscience, 2020, vol. 51, no. 6, p. 1428–1440

Motor cortical contribution was shown to be important for balance control and for ballistic types of movements. However, little is known about the role of cortical inhibitory mechanisms and even less about long(er)‐term adaptations of these inhibitory processes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the role of intracortical inhibition before and after four weeks of ...

Université de Fribourg

Countermovement jump training is more effective than drop jump training in enhancing jump height in non-professional female volleyball players

Ruffieux, Jan ; Wälchli, Michael ; Kim, Kyung-Min ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2020, vol. 11, p. -

The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of countermovement jump (CMJ) and drop jump (DJ) training on the volleyball-specific jumping ability of non-professional female volleyball players. For that purpose, 26 female volleyball players (15–32 years) were assigned to either a CMJ (20.4 ± 3.1 years, 171.0 ± 3.0 cm) or a DJ training group (22.0 ± 4.4 years, 168.2 ± 5.0 cm), ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Asset prices and demand shocks

Barbon, Andrea ; Franzoni, Francesco (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020ECO002.

My dissertation consists of three chapters, each of which focuses on a different area of research in asset pricing. The first chapter deals with the informational role of brokerage firms during fire sales in the equity market. The second chapter exploits the ETF program by the bank of Japan as a quasi-natural experiment to measure the slope of the equity demand curve. The last chapter presents...

Université de Fribourg

Augmented-feedback training improves cognitive motor performance of soccer players

Hicheur, Halim ; Chauvin, Alan ; Cavin, Vincent ; Fuchslocher, Joerg ; Tschopp, Markus ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2020, vol. 52, no. 1, p. 141–152

Purpose In this study, we tested the hypothesis that augmented feedback (AF) training can improve both perceptual–cognitive and/or motor skills specific to soccer.Methods Three groups of young elite players (U14–U15 categories) performed a test consisting in passing the ball as accurately and as quickly as possible toward a visual target moving briefly across a large screen located at 6 m...

Université de Fribourg

Specific eccentric–isokinetic cluster training improves static strength elements on rings for elite gymnasts

Schärer, Christoph ; Tacchelli, Lisa ; Göpfert, Beat ; Gross, Micah ; Lüthy, Fabian ; Taube, Wolfgang ; Hübner, Klaus

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019, vol. 16, no. 22, p. 4571

In gymnastics, coaches are constantly searching for efficient training methods in order to improve the athletes’ performance. Therefore, in this study we aimed to investigate the effects of a novel, four-week, gymnastic-specific, eccentric–isokinetic (0.1 m/s) cluster training on a computer-controlled training device on the improvement of two static strength elements on rings (swallow and...

Université de Fribourg

Low-load blood flow restriction training induces similar morphological and mechanical Achilles tendon adaptations compared with high-load resistance training

Centner, Christoph ; Lauber, Benedikt ; Seynnes, Olivier R. ; Jerger, Simon ; Sohnius, Tim ; Gollhofer, Albert ; König, Daniel

In: Journal of Applied Physiology, 2019, vol. 127, no. 6, p. 1660–1667

ow-load blood flow restriction (LL-BFR) training has gained increasing interest in the scientific community by demonstrating that increases in muscle mass and strength are comparable to conventional high-load (HL) resistance training. Although adaptations on the muscular level are well documented, there is little evidence on how LL-BFR training affects human myotendinous properties....

Université de Fribourg

Simple assessment of height and length of flight in complex gymnastic skills: validity and reliability of a two-dimensional video analysis method

Schärer, Christoph ; Siebenthal, Luca von ; Lomax, Ishbel ; Gross, Micah ; Taube, Wolfgang ; Hübner, Klaus

In: Applied Sciences, 2019, vol. 9, no. 19, p. 3975

In artistic gymnastics, the possibility of using 2D video analysis to measure the peak height (hpeak) and length of flight (L) during routine training in order to monitor the execution and development of difficult elements is intriguing. However, the validity and reliability of such measurements remain unclear. Therefore, in this study, the hpeak and L of 38 vaults, performed by top-level...

Université de Fribourg

Stimulus reward value interacts with training-induced plasticity in inhibitory control

Pretto, Michael De ; Hartmann, Lea ; Garcia-Burgos, David ; Sallard, Etienne ; Spierer, Lucas

In: Neuroscience, 2019, vol. 421, p. 82–94

Training inhibitory control, the ability to suppress motor or cognitive processes, not only enhances inhibition processes, but also reduces the perceived value and behaviors toward the stimuli associated with the inhibition goals during the practice. While these findings suggest that inhibitory control training interacts with the aversive and reward systems, the underlying spatio-temporal...