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Université de Fribourg

Reward-related suppression of neural activity in macaque visual area v4

Shapcott, Katharine A ; Schmiedt, Joscha T ; Kouroupaki, Kleopatra ; Kienitz, Ricardo ; Lazar, Andreea ; Singer, Wolf ; Schmid, Michael C

In: Cerebral Cortex, 2020, vol. 30, no. 9, p. 4871–4881

In order for organisms to survive, they need to detect rewarding stimuli, for example, food or a mate, in a complex environment with many competing stimuli. These rewarding stimuli should be detected even if they are nonsalient or irrelevant to the current goal. The value-driven theory of attentional selection proposes that this detection takes place through reward-associated stimuli...

Haute Ecole pédagogique Fribourg

Developing self-confidence through the transformation of evaluation practices

Pellaud, Francine ; Gay, Philippe ; Blandenier, Gilles ; Massiot, Philippe ; Dubois, Laurent

In: Paradigms, Models, Scenarios and Practices for Strong Sustainability, 2020, p. 397-406

Self-confidence is the driving force behind learning. But does it not also underlie the ability to make strong and courageous decisions when faced with various challenges? With the aim to provide an education for sustainable development and ecological transition, or even an education on the state of our planet, to what extent do academic evaluation systems prevent pupils from developing the...

Université de Fribourg

Mapping the development of visual information use for facial expression recognition

Rodger, Helen ; Caldara, Roberto (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2019.

In this thesis, I aimed to map the development of facial expression recognition from early childhood up to adulthood by identifying for the first time in the literature the quantity and quality of visual information needed to recognise the six 'basic' emotions. Using behavioural and eye tracking measures, the original contributions of this thesis include: 1. An unbiased fine-grained mapping of...

Université de Neuchâtel

An electroencephalographic approach to the processing of ambiguous stimuli under social influence : the role of perception, attention, emotion and metacognition

Zanesco, Julie ; Clément, Fabrice (Dir.) ; Pegna, Alan J. (Codir.) ; Maurer, Roland (Codir.) ; Krummenacher, Joseph (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Humans, as social beings, are susceptible to social influence in their judgements, beliefs and behaviours. Over the last 70 years, a great wealth of data from experimental social psychology has demonstrated that social knowledge affects the way humans perceive and interpret their environment, giving rise to cognitive, perceptual, attentional and motivational biases. Already in the 1950’s,...

Université de Neuchâtel

Reconquérir la ville après un épisode psychotique : pratiques, espaces et temporalités

Codeluppi, Zoé ; Söderström, Ola (Dir.) ; Conus, Philippe (Codir.) ; Matthey, Laurent (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

The aim of this research is to investigate the role of the urban environment in the recovery process of psychosis. I look at the practices, spaces and temporalities of reconquering the city. I focus particularly on young people having recently experienced a first psychotic episode in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland. This analysis examines recovery from an ecological perspective that considers...

Haute Ecole de Travail Social

À la rencontre de l’Autre : la posture de l’éducateur face au regard des personnes « lambdas » sur le handicap

Andjelkovic, Marija ; Délez, Marie-Luce (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute Ecole de Travail Social, 2019.

Les discours et les représentations sociales du handicap mental ont beaucoup évolué à travers l’histoire. Aujourd’hui, ces représentations évoluent encore. L’incapacité est vue comme une différence et cette différence se manifeste par le regard porté sur ces personnes. La perception du handicap a beaucoup évolué ces dernières années. Ceux que l’on qualifiait de «...

Université de Fribourg

Study protocol: psychological and physiological consequences of exposure to mass media in young women - an experimental cross-sectional and longitudinal study and the role of moderators

Munsch, Simone

In: BMC Psychology, 2014, vol. 2, no. 37, p. 1-13

BACKGROUND: Repeated exposure to thin beauty ideals is part of the daily routine. Exposure to thin ideals via mass media plays an important role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs), low self-esteem, depressive or anxious feelings in young females. It is important to elucidate the circumstances under which exposure to thin ideals develops its detrimental impact and to...

Université de Fribourg

Modulating influences of memory strength and sensitivity of the retrieval test on the detectability of the sleep consolidation effect

Schoch, Sarah F. ; Cordi, Maren J. ; Rasch, Björn

In: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 2017, vol. 145, p. 181-189

Emotionality can increase recall probability of memories as emotional information is highly relevant for future adaptive behavior. It has been proposed that memory processes acting during sleep selectively promote the consolidation of emotional memories, so that neutral memories no longer profit from sleep consolidation after learning. This appears as a selective effect of sleep for emotional...