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Université de Fribourg

Shear stress-responsive polymersome nanoreactors inspired by the marine bioluminescence of dinoflagellates

Rifaie‐Graham, Omar ; Galensowske, Nikolas F. B. ; Dean, Charlie ; Pollard, Jonas ; Balog, Sandor ; Gouveia, Micael G. ; Chami, Mohamed ; Vian, Antoine ; Amstad, Esther ; Lattuada, Marco ; Bruns, Nico

In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2020, p. -

Some marine plankton called dinoflagellates emit light in response to the movement of surrounding water, resulting in a phenomenon called milky seas or sea sparkle. The underlying concept, a shear-stress induced permeabilisation of biocatalytic reaction compartments, is transferred to polymer-based nanoreactors. Amphiphilic block copolymers that carry nucleobases in their hydrophobic block...

Université de Fribourg

Photochemical methods in metathesis reactions

Harvey, Freya M. ; Bochet, Christian G.

In: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 2020, vol. 18, no. 40, p. 8034–8057

Metathesis reactions are one of the most reliable and prevalent ways of creating a C– C bond in synthesis. Photochemical variants exist, and they have proven extremely useful for the construction of complex molecules, from natural products to Möbius rings. A variety of starting materials can undergo photometathesis reactions, including alkenes, alkynes, carbonyls, thiocarbonyls, and...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Thioredoxin-related transmembrane proteins : TMX1 and little brothers TMX2, TMX3, TMX4 and TMX5

Guerra, Concetta ; Molinari, Maurizio

In: Cells, 2020, vol. 9, no. 9, p. 11 p

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is site of synthesis and maturation of membrane and secretory proteins in eukaryotic cells. The ER contains more than 20 members of the Protein Disulfide Isomerase (PDI) family. These enzymes regulate formation, isomerization and disassembly of covalent bonds between cysteine residues. As such, PDIs ensure protein folding, which is required to attain functional...

Université de Fribourg

Understanding the assembly of amphiphilic additives in bulk and dispersed non-lamellar lipid-based matrices: Phosphorylation, H-bonding and ionisation

F.Etter, Marco ; Dellenbach, Daria ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; M.Landau, Ehud ; Fong, Wye-Khay

In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2020, vol. 562, p. 502–510

The aqueous channel size of lipidic cubic phases can be a limiting factor for certain applications. For this reason, additives have been used to exquisitely control their nanostructure. In this study, two families of primary phosphoesters have been designed, synthesised and utilised to determine the effect of the positioning of the guest additive at the interface of the host mesophase, and to...

Université de Fribourg

Preparation of metallosupramolecular single-chain polymeric nanoparticles and their characterization by Taylor dispersion

Neumann, Laura N. ; Urban, Dominic A. ; Lemal, Philipp ; Ramani, Sushila ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Balog, Sandor ; Weder, Christoph ; Schrettl, Stephen

In: Polymer Chemistry, 2020, vol. 11, no. 2, p. 586–592

Intramolecular cross-linking of polymers can furnish single-chain polymeric nanoparticles (SCPNs), and the use of reversible non-covalent bonds for cross-linking can potentially provide such nanoparticles with stimuli-responsive properties. Here, we report the synthesis of acrylic polymers that carry pendant 2,6-bis(1′-methyl- benzimidazolyl)pyridine ligands, and use these for the...

Université de Fribourg

Telechelics based on catalytic alternating ring-opening metathesis polymerization

Pal, Subhajit ; Alizadeh, Mahshid ; Kilbinger, Andreas F. M.

In: ACS Macro Letters, 2019, vol. 8, no. 10, p. 1396–1401

We describe a protocol to synthesize alternating telechelic ROMP copolymers of 7- oxa-norbornene derivatives and cycloalkenes under catalytic conditions. These copolymers were synthesized using Grubbs’ second-generation catalyst. The sterically less hindered backbone double bonds of the resulting alternating copolymers facilitate the chain transfer (secondary metathesis) reactions. In the ...

Université de Fribourg

Synthesis and properties of poly(norbornene)s with lateral aramid groups

Kong, Phally ; Drechsler, Susanne ; Balog, Sandor ; Schrettl, Stephen ; Weder, Christoph ; Kilbinger, Andreas F. M.

In: Polymer Chemistry, 2019, vol. 10, no. 16, p. 2057–2063

This paper deals with the synthesis and investigation of comb-like poly(norbornene)s carrying lateral rod-like aramid groups. Two types of norbornene-based monomers were synthesized and copolymerized with a norbornene carrying an aliphatic side chain using ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). The new monomers contain aramid derivatives that display different types of non-covalent...

Université de Fribourg

Functional polymers through mechanochemistry

Schrettl, Stephen ; Balkenendea, Diederik W. R. ; Calvino, Céline ; Karman, Marc ; Lavrenova, Anna ; Neumann, Laura N. ; Sagaraa, Yoshimitsu ; Verde-Sestoa, Ester ; Giannantonio, Michela di ; Simon, Yoan C. ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Lattuada, Marco ; Weder, Christoph

In: CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 2019, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 7–11

While coupling mechanical and chemical processes is widespread in living organisms, the idea to harness the mechanically induced dissociation of weak covalent and non- covalent bonds to create artificial materials that respond to mechanical stimulation has only recently gained attention. Here we summarize our activities that mainly revolve around the exploitation of non-covalent interactions...