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Université de Fribourg

Entropy-cooled nonequilibrium states of the Hubbard model

Werner, Philipp ; Li, Jianju ; Golež, Denis ; Eckstein, Martin

In: Physical Review B, 2019, vol. 100, no. 15, p. 155130

We show that the recently proposed cooling-by-doping mechanism allows one to efficiently prepare interesting nonequilibrium states of the Hubbard model. Using nonequilibrium dynamical mean field theory and a particle-hole symmetric setup with dipolar excitations to full and empty bands we produce cold photodoped Mott insulating states with a sharp Drude peak in the optical conductivity, a ...

Consortium of Swiss Academic Libraries

Overview of the Geometries of Shape Spaces and Diffeomorphism Groups

Bauer, Martin ; Bruveris, Martins ; Michor, Peter

In: Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision, 2014, vol. 50, no. 1-2, p. 60-97

Université de Fribourg

Genome-wide patterns of latitudinal differentiation among populations of Drosophila melanogaster from North America

Fabian, Daniel K. ; Kapun, Martin ; Nolte, Viola ; Kofler, Robert ; Schmidt, Paul S. ; Schlötterer, Christian ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Molecular Ecology, 2012, vol. 21, no. 19, p. 4748–4769

Understanding the genetic underpinnings of adaptive change is a fundamental but largely unresolved problem in evolutionary biology. Drosophila melanogaster, an ancestrally tropical insect that has spread to temperate regions and become cosmopolitan, offers a powerful opportunity for identifying the molecular polymorphisms underlying clinal adaptation. Here, we use genome‐wide next‐...

Université de Fribourg

Comparative study of nonequilibrium insulator-to-metal transitions in electron-phonon systems

Sayyad, Sharareh ; Žitko, Rok ; Strand, Hugo U. R. ; Werner, Philipp ; Golež, Denis

In: Physical Review B, 2019, vol. 99, no. 4, p. 045118

We study equilibrium and nonequilibrium properties of electron-phonon systems described by the Hubbard-Holstein model using dynamical mean-field theory. In equilibrium, we benchmark the results for impurity solvers based on the one-crossing approximation and slave-rotor approximation against non-perturbative numerical renormalization group reference data. We also examine how well the...

Université de Fribourg

Beyond the molecular movie: Dynamics of bands and bonds during a photoinduced phase transition

Nicholson, Christopher W. ; Lücke, A. ; Schmidt, W. G. ; Puppin, M. ; Rettig, L. ; Ernstorfer, R. ; Wolf, M.

In: Science, 2018, vol. 362, no. 6416, p. 821–825

Ultrafast nonequilibrium dynamics offer a route to study the microscopic interactions that govern macroscopic behavior. In particular, photoinduced phase transitions (PIPTs) in solids provide a test case for how forces, and the resulting atomic motion along a reaction coordinate, originate from a nonequilibrium population of excited electronic states. Using femtosecond photoemission, we...

Université de Fribourg

Nonequilibrium solid-solid phase transition in a lattice of liquid jets

Croccolo, Fabrizio ; Castellini, Stefano ; Scheffold, Frank ; Vailati, Alberto

In: Physical Review E, 2018, vol. 98, no. 6, p. 063104

Solid-solid phase transitions are commonly encountered at the atomic scale in alloys and in superatomic mesoscopic systems of colloidal particles. Here we investigate a solid-solid phase transition occurring at the macroscopic scale between lattices of liquid jets with different symmetries generated by convection in a horizontal layer of a binary liquid mixture. In the absence of a shear...