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Université de Fribourg

Evaluation of resazurin-based rapid test to detect colistin resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii isolates

Germ, Julija ; Poirel, Laurent ; Cerar Kisek, Tjasa ; Cvitkovic Spik, Vesna ; Katja Seme ; Mueller Premru, Manica ; Lejko Zupanc, Tatjana ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Pirs, Mateja

In: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 2019, vol. 38, no. 11, p. 2159–2162

Acinetobacter baumannii primarily causes colonization, yet it can be an opportunistic pathogen associated with hospital-acquired infections. Many countries report rapid spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAb) which limits treatment options, with colistin frequently being the last line treatment option. The aim of our study was to evaluate a recently developed rapid...

Université de Fribourg

Regulation of TRPM8 channel activity by Src-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation

Manolache, Alexandra ; Selescu, Tudor ; Maier, G. Larisa ; Mentel, Mihaela ; Ionescu, Aura Elena ; Neacsu, Cristian ; Babes, Alexandru ; Szedlacsek, Stefan Eugen

In: Journal of Cellular Physiology, 2019, p. -

The transient receptor potential melastatin type 8 (TRPM8) receptor channel is expressed in primary afferent neurons where it is the main transducer of innocuous cold temperatures and also in a variety of tumors, where it is involved in progression and metastasis. Modulation of this channel by intracellular signaling pathways has therefore important clinical implications. We investigated the...

Université de Fribourg

mcr-9, An inducible gene encoding an acquired phosphoethanolamine transferase in Escherichia coli, and its origin

Kieffer, Nicolas ; Royer, b Guilhem ; Decousser, Jean-Winoc ; Bourrel, Anne-Sophie ; Palmieri, Mattia ; Ortiz De La Rosa, Jose-Manuel ; Jacquier, Hervé ; Denamur, Erick ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2019, vol. 63, no. 9, p. -

The plasmid-located mcr-9 gene, encoding a putative phosphoethanolamine transferase, was identified in a colistin-resistant human fecal Escherichia coli strain belonging to a very rare phylogroup, the D-ST69-O15:H6 clone. This MCR-9 protein shares 33% to 65% identity with the other plasmid-encoded MCR-type enzymes identified (MCR-1 to -8) that have been found as sources of acquired resistance...

Université de Fribourg

Regular physical activity modulates perceived visual speed when running in treadmill-mediated virtual environments

Caramenti, Martina ; Lafortuna, Claudio L. ; Mugellini, Elena ; Khaled, Omar Abou ; Bresciani, Jean-Pierre ; Dubois, Amandine

In: PLOS ONE, 2019, vol. 14, no. 6, p. e0219017

In virtual reality, visual speed is usually underestimated relative to locomotor speed. Here we investigated how physical activity and fitness affect perceived visual speed when running in a treadmill-mediated virtual environment. Thirty healthy participants (ten sedentary individuals, ten team sport players and ten expert runners) ran on a treadmill at two different speeds (8, 12km/h) in...

Université de Fribourg

Multilayered control of protein turnover by torc1 and atg1

Hu, Zehan ; Raucci, Serena ; Jaquenoud, Malika ; Hatakeyama, Riko ; Stumpe, Michael ; Rohr, Rudolf ; Reggiori, Fulvio ; Virgilio, Claudio De ; Dengjel, Jörn

In: Cell Reports, 2019, vol. 28, no. 13, p. 3486-3496.e6

The target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) is a master regulator of cell homeostasis, which promotes anabolic reactions and synchronously inhibits catabolic processes such as autophagy-mediated protein degradation. Its prime autophagy target is Atg13, a subunit of the Atg1 kinase complex that acts as the gatekeeper of canonical autophagy. To study whether the activities of TORC1 and Atg1 are...

Università della Svizzera italiana

T follicular helper cells promote a beneficial gut ecosystem for host metabolic homeostasis by sensing microbiota-derived extracellular ATP

Perruzza, Lisa ; Gargari, Giorgio ; Proietti, Michele ; Fosso, Bruno ; D'Erchia, Anna Maria ; Faliti, Caterina Elisa ; Rezzonico-Jost, Tanja ; Scribano, Daniela ; Mauri, Laura ; Colombo, Diego ; Pellegrini, Giovanni ; Moregola, Annalisa ; Mooser, Catherine ; Pesole, Graziano ; Nicoletti, Mauro ; Norata, Giuseppe Danilo ; Geuking, Markus B. ; McCoy, Kathy D. ; Guglielmetti, Simone ; Grassi, Fabio

In: Cell reports, 2017, vol. 18, no. 11, p. 2566-2575

The ATP-gated ionotropic P2X7 receptor regulates T follicular helper (Tfh) cell abundance in the Peyer’s patches (PPs) of the small intestine; deletion of P2rx7, encoding for P2X7, in Tfh cells results in enhanced IgA secretion and binding to commensal bacteria. Here, we show that Tfh cell activity is important for generating a diverse bacterial community in the gut and that sensing of...

Université de Fribourg

The PARP inhibitor olaparib exerts beneficial effects in mice subjected to cecal ligature and puncture and in cells subjected to oxidative stress without impairing DNA integrity: A potential opportunity for repurposing a clinically used oncological drug for the experimental therapy of sepsis

Ahmad, Akbar ; Vieira, Juliana de Camargo ; Mello, Aline Haas de ; Lima, Thais Martins de ; Ariga, Suely Kubo ; Barbeiro, Denise Frediani ; Barbeiro, Hermes Vieira ; Szczesny, Bartosz ; Törö, Gábor ; Druzhyna, Nadiya ; B.Randi, Elisa ; Marcatti, Michela ; Toliver-Kinsky, Tracy ; Kiss, András ; Liaudet, Lucas ; Salomao, Reinaldo ; Soriano, Francisco Garcia ; Szabo, Csaba

In: Pharmacological Research, 2019, vol. 145, p. 104263

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is involved in the pathogenesis of cell dysfunction, inflammation and organ failure during septic shock. The goal of the current study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of the clinically approved PARP inhibitor olaparib in experimental models of oxidative stress in vitro and in sepsis in vivo. In mice subjected to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)...

Université de Fribourg

WC-1 and the proximal GATA sequence mediate a cis-/trans-acting repressive regulation of light-dependent gene transcription in the dark

Brenna, Andrea ; Talora, Claudio

In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2019, vol. 20, no. 12, p. 2854

Light influences a wide range of physiological processes from prokaryotes to mammals. Neurospora crassa represents an important model system used for studying this signal pathway. At molecular levels, the WHITE COLLAR Complex (WCC), a heterodimer formed by WC-1 (the blue light photo-sensor) and WC-2 (the transcriptional activator), is the critical positive regulator of light-dependent gene ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Modulation of chemokine responses : synergy and cooperativity

Proudfoot, Amanda E.I. ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia

In: Frontiers in immunology, 2016, vol. 7, p. 183

Chemokine biology is mediated by more complex interactions than simple monomolecular ligand–receptor interactions, as chemokines can form higher order quaternary structures, which can also be formed after binding to glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) on endothelial cells, and their receptors are found as dimers and/or oligomers at the cell surface. Due to the complexity of the chemokine binding and...

Università della Svizzera italiana

TET2 regulates mast cell differentiation and proliferation through catalytic and non-catalytic activities

Montagner, Sara ; Leoni, Cristina ; Emming, Stefan ; Della Chiara, Giulia ; Balestrieri, Chiara ; Barozzi, Iros ; Piccolo, Viviana ; Togher, Susan ; Ko, Myunggon ; Rao, Anjana ; Natoli, Gioacchino ; Monticelli, Silvia

In: Cell reports, 2016, vol. 15, no. 7, p. 1566-1579

Dioxygenases of the TET family impact genome functions by converting 5-methylcytosine (5mC) in DNA to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC). Here, we identified TET2 as a crucial regulator of mast cell differentiation and proliferation. In the absence of TET2, mast cells showed disrupted gene expression and altered genome-wide 5hmC deposition, especially at enhancers and in the proximity of...