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Université de Fribourg

Genome insights of the plant-growth promoting bacterium Cronobacter muytjensii JZ38 with volatile-mediated antagonistic activity against Phytophthora infestans

Eida, Abdul Aziz ; Bougouffa, Salim ; L’Haridon, Floriane ; Alam, Intikhab ; Weisskopf, Laure ; Bajic, Vladimir B. ; Saad, Maged M. ; Hirt, Heribert

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, 2020, vol. 11, p. 369

Salinity stress is a major challenge to agricultural productivity and global food security in light of a dramatic increase of human population and climate change. Plant growth promoting bacteria can be used as an additional solution to traditional crop breeding and genetic engineering. In the present work, the induction of plant salt tolerance by the desert plant endophyte Cronobacter sp. ...

Université de Fribourg

Embryonic photosynthesis affects post-germination plant growth

Sela, Ayala ; Piskurewicz, Urszula ; Megies, Christian ; Mène-Saffrané, Laurent ; Finazzi, Giovanni ; Lopez-Molina, Luis

In: Plant Physiology, 2020, vol. 182, no. 4, p. 2166–2181

Photosynthesis is the fundamental process fueling plant vegetative growth and development. The progeny of plants relies on maternal photosynthesis, via food reserves in the seed, to supply the necessary energy for seed germination and early seedling establishment. Intriguingly, before seed maturation, Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) embryos are also photosynthetically active, the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Bovine lactoferrin-induced CCL1 expression involves distinct receptors in monocyte-derived dendritic cells and their monocyte precursors

Latorre, Daniela ; Pulvirenti, Nadia ; Covino, Daniela Angela ; Varano, Barbara ; Purificato, Cristina ; Rainaldi, Gabriella ; Gauzzi, Maria Cristina ; Fantuzzi, Laura ; Conti, Lucia ; Donninelli, Gloria ; Del Cornò, Manuela ; Sabbatucci, Michela ; Gessani, Sandra ; Puddu, Patrizia

In: Toxins, 2015, vol. 7, no. 12, p. 5472-5483

Lactoferrin (LF) exhibits a wide range of immunomodulatory activities including modulation of cytokine and chemokine secretion. In this study, we demonstrate that bovine LF (bLF) up-modulates, in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, CCL1 secretion in monocytes (Mo) at the early stage of differentiation toward dendritic cells (DCs), and in fully differentiated immature Mo-derived DCs...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Insights into the effect of the G245S single point mutation on the structure of p53 and the binding of the protein to DNA

Lepre, Marco Gaetano ; Omar, Sara Ibrahim ; Grasso, Gianvito ; Morbiducci, Umberto ; Deriu, Marco Agostino ; Tuszynski, Jack A.

In: Molecules, 2017, vol. 22, no. 8, p. 1358

The transcription factor p53 is a potent tumor suppressor dubbed as the “guardian of the genome” because of its ability to orchestrate protective biological outputs in response to a variety of oncogenic stresses. Mutation and thus inactivation of p53 can be found in 50% of human tumors. The majority are missense mutations located in the DNA binding region. Among them, G245S is known to be...

Université de Fribourg

LCO receptors involved in arbuscular mycorrhiza are functional for rhizobia perception in legumes

Girardin, Ariane ; Wang, Tongming ; Ding, Yi ; Keller, Jean ; Buendia, Luis ; Gaston, Mégane ; Ribeyre, Camille ; Gasciolli, Virginie ; Auriac, Marie-Christine ; Vernié, Tatiana ; Bendahmane, Abdelhafid ; Ried, Martina Katharina ; Parniske, Martin ; Morel, Patrice ; Vandenbussche, Michiel ; Schorderet, Martine ; Reinhardt, Didier ; Delaux, Pierre-Marc ; Bono, Jean-Jacques ; Lefebvre, Benoit

In: Current Biology, 2019, vol. 29, no. 24, p. 4249-4259.e5

Bacterial lipo-chitooligosaccharides (LCOs) are key mediators of the nitrogen-fixing root nodule symbiosis (RNS) in legumes. The isolation of LCOs from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi suggested that LCOs are also signaling molecules in arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM). However, the corresponding plant receptors have remained uncharacterized. Here we show that petunia and tomato mutants in the LysM ...

Université de Fribourg

HSP90 and co-chaperones: a multitaskers’ view on plant hormone biology

Donato, Martin di ; Geisler, Markus

In: FEBS Letters, 2019, vol. 593, no. 13, p. 1415–1430

In order to survive under ever‐changing conditions plants must be able to adaptively respond to their environment. Plant hormones and the signaling cross‐talk among them play a key role in integrating external and internal cues, enabling the plants to acclimate accordingly. HSP90 and several of its co‐chaperones are known as pleiotropic factors involved in the signaling pathways of...

Université de Fribourg

A clinal polymorphism in the insulin signaling transcription factor foxo contributes to life-history adaptation in Drosophila*

Durmaz, Esra ; Rajpurohit, Subhash ; Betancourt, Nicolas ; Fabian, Daniel K. ; Kapun, Martin ; Schmidt, Paul ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Evolution, 2019, vol. 73, no. 9, p. 1774–1792

A fundamental aim of adaptation genomics is to identify polymorphisms that underpin variation in fitness traits. In Drosophila melanogaster, latitudinal life‐history clines exist on multiple continents and make an excellent system for dissecting the genetics of adaptation. We have previously identified numerous clinal single‐nucleotide polymorphism in insulin/insulin‐like growth factor...

Université de Fribourg

Large-scale analysis of the mycoplasma bovis genome identified non-essential, adhesion- and virulence-related genes

Josi, Christoph ; Bürki, Sibylle ; Vidal, Sara ; Dordet-Frisoni, Emilie ; Citti, Christine ; Falquet, Laurent ; Pilo, Paola

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, 2019, vol. 10, p. -

Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen of cattle causing bovine mycoplasmosis. Clinical manifestations are numerous, but pneumonia, mastitis, and arthritis cases are mainly reported. Currently, no efficient vaccine is available and antibiotic treatments are not always satisfactory. The design of new, efficient prophylactic and therapeutic approaches requires a better understanding of the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

TRPM7 kinase activity is essential for T cell colonization and alloreactivity in the gut

Romagnani, Andrea ; Vettore, Valentina ; Rezzonico-Jost, Tanja ; Hampe, Sarah ; Rottoli, Elsa ; Nadolni, Wiebke ; Perotti, Michela ; Meier, Melanie A. ; Hermanns, Constanze ; Geiger, Sheila ; Wennemuth, Gunther ; Recordati, Camilla ; Matsushita, Masayuki ; Muehlich, Susanne ; Proietti, Michele ; Chubanov, Vladimir ; Gudermann, Thomas ; Grassi, Fabio ; Zierler, Susanna

In: Nature communications, 2017, vol. 8, p. 1917

The melastatin-like transient-receptor-potential-7 protein (TRPM7), harbouring a cation channel and a serine/threonine kinase, has been implicated in thymopoiesis and cytokine expression. Here we show, by analysing TRPM7 kinase-dead mutant (Trpm7 R/R) mice, that the enzymatic activity of the receptor is not essential for thymopoiesis, but is required for CD103 transcription and gut-homing of ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Label-free biosensor detection of endocrine disrupting compounds using engineered estrogen receptors

La Spina, Rita ; Ferrero, Valentina E. V. ; Aiello, Venera ; Pedotti, Mattia ; Varani, Luca ; Lettieri, Teresa ; Calzolai, Luigi ; Haasnoot, Willem ; Colpo, Pascal

In: Biosensors, 2018, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 1-15

Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDCs) are chemical substances shown to interfere with endogenous hormones affecting the endocrine, immune and nervous systems of mammals. EDCs are the causative agents of diseases including reproductive disorders and cancers. This highlights the urgency to develop fast and sensitive methods to detect EDCs, which are detrimental even at very low concentrations....