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Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Things versus People: Gender Differences in Vocational Interests and in Occupational Preferences

Kuhn, Andreas ; Wolter, Stefan C.

Occupational choices remain strongly segregated by gender, for reasons not yet fully understood. In this paper, we use detailed information on the cognitive requirements in 130 distinct learnable occupations in the Swiss apprenticeship system to describe the broad job content in these occupations along the things-versus-people dimension. We first show that our occupational classification along...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Innovative learning cultures in VET – ‘I generate my own projects.’

Barabasch, Antje ; Keller, Anna

In: Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 2020, vol. 72, no. 4, p. 536-554

The learning of apprentices is always embedded within the overall learning culture of an enterprise. The structures for learning, as well as the attitudes, values and beliefs of the members of the organisation in respect to training, influence the ways in which apprentices are socialised and prepared for the labour market. This qualitative case study focuses on the experience of apprentices...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

The Influence of Qualification on Women's Childlessness in West Germany : Age and Cohort Effects = Der Einfluss von Qualifikation auf Kinderlosigkeit bei Frauen in Westdeutschland: Alters- und Kohorteneffekte ; Analysen mit dem deutschen Mikrozensus

Wirth, Heike ; Duemmler, Kerstin

In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, 2005, vol. 30, no. 2-3, p. 313-336

Even though there is a growing concern about a socially selective pattern of childlessness among women and the implications for policy and the economy in Germany, there have been no comprehensive studies to analyse the extent of childlessness. This can be put down to the fact that the available data to study this issue are rather insufficient. Using official microdata, the aim of the present...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Innovative learning culture in apprenticeships: The Swiss telecommunication industry

Barabasch, A. ; Keller, A.

In: Cedefop/OECD (2021). The next steps for apprenticeship. Cedefop reference series, 2021, no. 118, p. 81-93

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Recruiting Apprentices -The Experience of On-boarding Practices in the Swiss Public Transportation Sector

Hämmerli, Christine ; Barabasch, Antje

In: Trends in vocational education and training research III. Proceedings of the European Conference on Educational Research (ECER), 2020, vol. 3, p. 117-125

The professional socialization in a training company is a great challenge for young people. At the same time, they have to adapt to new organizational structures, integrate into a new workplace and competently master new tasks. Successful vocational socialization depends not only on the interests, abilities, and expectations of the young people but also on the company and its on-boarding...

Université de Fribourg

Efficacy of dual carbapenem treatment in a murine sepsis model of infection due to carbapenemase-producing Acinetobacter baumannii

Cebrero-Cangueiro, T. ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Carretero-Ledesma, M. ; Pachón, J. ; Pachón-Ibáñez, M. E.

In: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2020, p. dkaa487

Objectives: To evaluate the in vivo efficacy of a dual carbapenem combination containing imipenem plus meropenem against carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing carbapenemases OXA-23 or OXA-58.Methods: An experimental model of peritonitis using C57BL/6J female mice was developed and the minimum lethal doses were calculated for infections due to OXA-23 or OXA-58 producers of A. ...

Haute Ecole pédagogique Fribourg

Schweizer Schulmusik : Schule oder Musik?

Blanchard, Olivier

In: Kulturen des Schulmusik in der Schweiz / Les cultures de l'enseignement musical à l'école en Suisse, 2021, p. 63-77

This text is the result of a research project in which ethnographic research was carried out on music lessons at Swiss-German secondary schools. After presenting a cultural studies perspective on mus lessons, some selected findings of the research are described. The focus is on apparently "natural" practices, actions, and orientations that are rarely reflected upon, and which often form the basis...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Robots and nonparticipation in the US : where have all the workers gone?

Lerch, Benjamin

I analyze the impact of one of the leading automation technologies of the last decades – industrial robots – on the declining labor force participation in the US. Exploiting exogenous variation in the adoption of robots across local labor markets and over time, I find that, on average, one additional robot drives two workers out of the labor force. The massive increase in robot adoption...

Université de Fribourg

Effects of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor olaparib in cerulein-induced pancreatitis

Ahmad, Akbar ; Haas De Mello, Aline ; Szczesny, Bartosz ; Törö, Gábor ; Marcatti, Michela ; Druzhyna, Nadiya ; Liaudet, Lucas ; Tarantini, Stefano ; Salomao, Reinaldo ; Garcia Soriano, Francisco ; Szabo, Csaba

In: Shock, 2020, vol. 53, no. 5, p. 653–665

Objective: Activation of the constitutive nuclear and mitochondrial enzyme poly (ADP- ribose) polymerase (PARP) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cell dysfunction, inflammation, and organ failure in various forms of critical illness. The objective of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the clinically approved PARP inhibitor olaparib in an experimental model of...

Université de Fribourg

Innovative preclinical models for pulmonary drug delivery research

Ehrmann, Stephan ; Schmid, Otmar ; Darquenne, Chantal ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Sznitman, Josue ; Yang, Lin ; Barosova, Hana ; Vecellio, Laurent ; Mitchell, Jolyon ; Heuze-Vourc’h, Nathalie

In: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, 2020, vol. 17, no. 4, p. 463–478

Introduction: Pulmonary drug delivery is a complex field of research combining physics which drive aerosol transport and deposition and biology which underpins efficacy and toxicity of inhaled drugs. A myriad of preclinical methods, ranging from in- silico to in-vitro, ex–vivo and in-vivo, can be implemented.Areas covered: The present review covers in-silico mathematical and computational...