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Université de Fribourg

How circular dichroism in time- and angle-resolved photoemission can be used to spectroscopically detect transient topological states in graphene

Schüler, Michael ; Giovannini, Umberto De ; Hübener, Hannes ; Rubio, Angel ; Sentef, Michael A. ; Devereaux, Thomas P. ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review X, 2020, vol. 10, no. 4, p. 041013

Pumping graphene with circularly polarized light is the archetype of light-tailoring topological bands. Realizing the induced Floquet-Chern-insulator state and demonstrating clear experimental evidence for its topological nature has been a challenge, and it has become clear that scattering effects play a crucial role. We tackle this gap between theory and experiment by employing microscopic...

Université de Fribourg

Analysis method for detecting topological defect dark matter with a global magnetometer network

Masia-Roig, Hector ; A.Smiga, Joseph ; Budker, Dmitry ; Dumont, Vincent ; Gruji, Zoran ; Kim, Dongok ; Kimball, Derek F. Jackson ; Lebedev, Victor ; Monroy, Madeline ; Pustelny, Szymon ; Scholtes, Theo ; Segura, Perrin C. ; Semertzidi, Yannis K. ; Shin, Yun Chang ; Stalnaker, Jason E. ; Sulai, Ibrahim ; Weis, Antoine ; Wickenbrock, Arne

In: Physics of the Dark Universe, 2020, vol. 28, p. 100494

The Global Network of Optical Magnetometers for Exotic physics searches (GNOME) is a network of time-synchronized, geographically separated, optically pumped atomic magnetometers that is being used to search for correlated transient signals heralding exotic physics. GNOME is sensitive to exotic couplings of atomic spins to certain classes of dark matter candidates, such as axions. This work...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Essays in household finance and monetary policy transmission

Gianinazzi, Virginia ; Plazzi, Alberto (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020ECO005.

This thesis consists of three chapters that contribute to two fundamental questions in finance: how households make financial decisions and how market prices react to uninformative demand shocks. The first chapter investigates how household respond to mortgage refinancing incentives. A well-documented finding in household finance is that many borrowers miss out on substantial savings by...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The environmental cost and the accident externality of driving : evidence from the Swiss franc’s appreciation

Bello, Piera

This study investigates the effects of driving on air quality and road safety by exploiting exogenous variation in traffic flows associated with the Swiss franc’s appreciation. During the Swiss franc’s appreciation, the volume of cars crossing the Swiss-Italian border rose considerably– the higher purchasing power of Swiss francs in the Euro area induced more Italian workers to cross the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Asset prices and demand shocks

Barbon, Andrea ; Franzoni, Francesco (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020ECO002.

My dissertation consists of three chapters, each of which focuses on a different area of research in asset pricing. The first chapter deals with the informational role of brokerage firms during fire sales in the equity market. The second chapter exploits the ETF program by the bank of Japan as a quasi-natural experiment to measure the slope of the equity demand curve. The last chapter presents...

Université de Fribourg

Ultrafast nonequilibrium evolution of excitonic modes in semiconductors

Murakami, Yuta ; Schüler, Michael ; Takayoshi, Shintaro ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 3, p. 035203

We study the time evolution of excitonic states after photoexcitation in the one- dimensional spinless extended Falicov-Kimball model. Several numerical methods are employed and benchmarked against each other: time-dependent mean-field simulations, the second-Born approximation (2BA) within the Kadanoff-Baym formalism, the generalized Kadanoff-Baym ansatz (GKBA) implemented with the 2BA, and...

Université de Fribourg

A Bayesian ice thickness estimation model for large-scale applications

Werder, Mauro A. ; Huss, Matthias ; Paul, Frank ; Dehecq, Amaury ; Farinotti, Daniel

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2020, vol. 66, no. 255, p. 137–152

Accurate estimations of ice thickness and volume are indispensable for ice flow modelling, hydrological forecasts and sea-level rise projections. We present a new ice thickness estimation model based on a mass-conserving forward model and a Bayesian inversion scheme. The forward model calculates flux in an elevation-band flow-line model, and translates this into ice thickness and surface ice...

Université de Fribourg

Light-induced evaporative cooling of holes in the Hubbard model

Werner, Philipp ; Eckstein, Martin ; Müller, Markus ; Refael, Gil

In: Nature Communications, 2019, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 5556

An elusive goal in the field of driven quantum matter is the induction of long-range order. Here, we propose a mechanism based on light-induced evaporative cooling of holes in a correlated fermionic system. Since the entropy of a filled narrow band grows rapidly with hole doping, the isentropic transfer of holes from a doped Mott insulator to such a band results in a drop of temperature....

Université de Fribourg

Quantum simulation meets nonequilibrium dynamical mean-field theory: exploring the periodically driven, strongly correlated fermi-hubbard model

Sandholzer, Kilian ; Murakami, Yuta ; Görg, Frederik ; Minguzzi, Joaquín ; Messer, Michael ; Desbuquois, Rémi ; Eckstein, Martin ; Werner, Philipp ; Esslinger, Tilman

In: Physical Review Letters, 2019, vol. 123, no. 19, p. 193602

We perform an ab initio comparison between nonequilibrium dynamical mean-field theory and optical lattice experiments by studying the time evolution of double occupations in the periodically driven Fermi-Hubbard model. For off-resonant driving, the range of validity of a description in terms of an effective static Hamiltonian is determined and its breakdown due to energy absorption close to...

Université de Fribourg

Coupling of electronic and nuclear motion in a negative ion resonance: Experimental and theoretical study of benzene

Allan, Michael ; Čurík, Roman ; Čársky, Petr

In: The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2019, vol. 151, no. 6, p. 064119

We present calculated and measured elastic and vibrational excitation cross sections in benzene with the objective to assess the reliability of the theoretical method and to shed more light on how the electronic motion of the incoming electron is coupled with the nuclear motion of the vibrations. The calculation employed the discrete momentum representation method which involves solving the...