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Université de Fribourg

Transnational machine learning with screens for flagging bid-rigging cartels

Huber, Martin ; Imhof, David ; Ishii, Rieko

(Working Papers SES ; 519)

We investigate the transnational transferability of statistical screening methods originally developed using Swiss data for detecting bid-rigging cartels in Japan. We find that combining screens for the distribution of bids in tenders with machine learning to classify collusive vs. competitive tenders entails a correct classification rate of 88% to 93% when training and testing the method...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Apprentices’ perceptions of teachers’ and in-company trainers’ competences at the core of training quality

Wenger, M. ; Sauli, F. ; Gross, V. ; Berger, J.-L.

In: Contemporary apprenticeship reforms and reconfigurations

Teachers’ and in-company trainers’ skills constitute an important component of quality in initial vocational education and training. This study aimed at investigating how these skills are perceived by 320 apprentices from the technical and the retail fields in Switzerland. Written answers to six open-ended questions were analyzed with both an inductive and a deductive procedure. Results...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

The quality of the Swiss initial vocational education and training system through apprentices’ perception of the connections between school and training company

Sauli, F. ; Wenger, M. ; Gross, V. ; Berger, J.-L.

In: Contemporary apprenticeship reforms and reconfigurations

Dual Systems like the Swiss initial vocational education and training (IVET) entail both a school- and a workplace-based learning. The connections between these two learning locations in terms of transfer of knowledge can contribute to IVET quality. This study focused on how these connections are perceived by retail and technical apprentices (N=320). Their answers to six open-ended questions...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Apprentices’ Perceptions of Quality in the Swiss Initial Vocational Education and Training Dual System

Sauli, F. ; Wenger, M. ; Berger, J.-L.

In: Pedagogical concerns and market demands in VET. Proceedings of the 3rd Crossing Boundaries in VET conference, Vocational Education and Training Network (VETNET), 2019, p. 195-200

The quality of education and training is a key factor in explaining apprentices’ motivations and helping sustain their efforts in acquiring the necessary skills for their future occupation. Yet, the perceived quality of initial vocational education and training (IVET) may vary according to the learning location and the occupational fields. To identify the characteristics defining IVET...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

How the perceived quality of in-company training matters: A study with apprentices in technical and retail occupations

Berger, J.-L. ; Wenger, M. ; Sauli, F.

In: Pedagogical concerns and market demands in VET. Proceedings of the 3rd Crossing Boundaries in VET conference, Vocational Education and Training Network (VETNET), 2019, p. 187-194

Given the growing focus on initial vocational education and training (IVET) quality in Switzerland, a study investigating in-company training quality as perceived by 320 apprentices in technical and retail occupations was conducted. The aims were 1) to examine potential differences in the perceived quality of in-company training between the two occupational fields and 2) to analyze how the...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

La qualité de la formation professionnelle duale en Suisse

Berger, J.-L. ; Wenger, M. ; Sauli, F.

In: Education Permanente

In order to understand training quality via the conceptions of its stakeholders, a study was conducted in the context of dual vocational education and training in French- speaking Switzerland. Using focus groups interviews, we identify the aspects constituting this quality according to apprentices, teachers, and in-company trainers. The results show the diversity of aspects constituting...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Who is included in VET, who not?

Scharnhorst, Ursula ; Kammermann, Marlise

In: Education + Training, 2020, vol. 62, no. 6, p. 645-658

Purpose The paper describes the Swiss Vocational Education and Training (VET) system, its crucial role and challenges with respect to the inclusion of vulnerable groups and investigates the effectiveness of the efforts undertaken to promote inclusion in VET so far. Design/methodology/approach Empirical research focusing on various indicators of inclusion (national monitoring data and own studies)...

Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Skill Specificity of Upper-Secondary Training Occupations and the Gender Pay Gap = Berufliche Spezifität und Einkommensunterschiede zwischen Männern und Frauen

Miriam Grønning ; Irene Kriesi ; Stefan Sacchi

In: Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 2020, p. 1-25

Gender disparities in wages are still fairly large. On average, women earn less than men from the beginning of their careers. This article investigates whether young men and women with vocational education and training receive different returns for occupation-specific and general skills, a topic that has hitherto received little attention. Theoretically, we draw on a culturalist approach, as...

Université de Fribourg

Countermovement jump training is more effective than drop jump training in enhancing jump height in non-professional female volleyball players

Ruffieux, Jan ; Wälchli, Michael ; Kim, Kyung-Min ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2020, vol. 11, p. -

The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of countermovement jump (CMJ) and drop jump (DJ) training on the volleyball-specific jumping ability of non-professional female volleyball players. For that purpose, 26 female volleyball players (15–32 years) were assigned to either a CMJ (20.4 ± 3.1 years, 171.0 ± 3.0 cm) or a DJ training group (22.0 ± 4.4 years, 168.2 ± 5.0 cm), ...