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Université de Fribourg

Learning from scientific texts: personalizing the text increases transfer performance and task involvement

Dutke, Stephan ; Grefe, Anna Christiane ; Leopold, Claudia

In: European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2016, vol. 31, no. 4, p. 499-513

In an experiment with 65 high-school students, we tested the hypothesis that personalizing learning materials would increase students’ learning performance and motivation to study the learning materials. Students studied either a 915-word standard text on the anatomy and functionality of the human eye or a personalized version of the same text in which 60 definite articles (e.g., “the eye”)...

Université de Fribourg

Improving students’ science text comprehension through metacognitive self-regulation when applying learning strategies

Leopold, Claudia ; Leutner, Detlev

In: Metacognition and Learning, 2015, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 313-346

In three experiments, students were trained to use strategies for learning from scientific texts: text highlighting (Experiment 1), knowledge mapping (Experiment 2), and visualizing (Experiment 3). Each experiment compared a control condition, cognitive strategy training, and a combined cognitive strategy plus metacognitive selfregulation training with a specific focus on the quality of cognitive...

Université de Fribourg

An Imagination Effect in Learning From Scientific Text

Leopold, Claudia ; Mayer, Richard E.

In: Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015, vol. 107, no. 1, p. 47-63

Asking students to imagine the spatial arrangement of the elements in a scientific text constitutes a learning strategy intended to foster deep processing of the instructional material. Two experiments investigated the effects of mental imagery prompts on learning from scientific text. Students read a computer-based text on the human respiratory system (control group), read while being asked...

Université de Fribourg

Make a drawing. Effects of strategic knowledge, drawing accuracy, and type of drawing on students’ mathematical modelling performance

Rellensmann, Johanna ; Schukajlow, Stanislaw ; Leopold, Claudia

In: Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2016, vol. 95, no. 1, p. 53-78

Drawing strategies are widely used as a powerful tool for promoting students’ learning and problem solving. In this article, we report the results of an inferential mediation analysis that was applied to investigate the roles that strategic knowledge about drawing and the accuracy of different types of drawings play in mathematical modelling performance. Sixty-one students were asked to create...

Université de Fribourg

Stimulus reward value interacts with training-induced plasticity in inhibitory control

Pretto, Michael De ; Hartmann, Lea ; Garcia-Burgos, David ; Sallard, Etienne ; Spierer, Lucas

In: Neuroscience, 2019, vol. 421, p. 82–94

Training inhibitory control, the ability to suppress motor or cognitive processes, not only enhances inhibition processes, but also reduces the perceived value and behaviors toward the stimuli associated with the inhibition goals during the practice. While these findings suggest that inhibitory control training interacts with the aversive and reward systems, the underlying spatio-temporal...

Interkantonale Hochschule für Heilpädagogik Zürich HfH

Deaf and non-deaf research collaboration on Swiss German Sign Language (DSGS) interpreter training in Switzerland

Shores, Patty ; Hohenstein, Christiane ; Keller, Joerg

In: The International Journal for Translation & Interpreting Research, 2014, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 47-59

Teaching, training, and assessment for sign language interpreters in Swiss German sign language (DSGS) developments since 1985 have resulted in the current Bachelor level at the Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Special Needs Education (HfH). More recently, co-teaching with Zurich University of Applied Sciences, School of Applied Linguistics (ZHAW) non-deaf linguists in linguistics and...

Université de Fribourg

3D feedback and observation for motor learning: Application to the roundoff movement in gymnastics

Naour, Thibaut Le ; Ré, Chiara ; Bresciani, Jean-Pierre

In: Human Movement Science, 2019, vol. 66, p. 564–577

In this paper, we assessed the efficacy of different types of visual information for improving the execution of the roundoff movement in gymnastics. Specifically, two types of 3D feedback were compared to a 3D visualization only displaying the movement of the expert (observation) as well as to a more ‘traditional’ video observation. The improvement in movement execution was measured...

Université de Fribourg

Looking back: twenty years of reforming undergraduate medical training and curriculum frameworks in Switzerland = Blick in den Rückspiegel: zwanzig Jahre Reformen der humanmedizinischen Studiengänge und der curricularen Rahmenbedingungen in der Schweiz

Bonvin, Raphael ; Nendaz, Mathieu ; Frey, Peter ; Schnabel, Kai P. ; Huwendiek, Sören ; Schirlo, Christian

In: GMS Journal for Medical Education, 2019, vol. 36, no. 5, p. Doc64

Introduction: To date, hardly any reports exist that outline the reforms in medical studies in Switzerland from the first partial reforms in the 1970s until today.Methods: This article outlines the recent history of medical curricula, their reforms in the early 1970s and, based on these, the key reasons for the major curricular reforms of the 2000s from the perspective of the authors.Results: The...

Université de Neuchâtel

Shifting from a monological to a dialogical perspective on children’s argumentation. Lessons learned

Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly ; Schär, Rebecca G. ; Greco, Sara ; Convertini, Josephine ; Iannaccone, Antonio ; Rocci, Andrea

In: Argumentation in actual practice. Topical studies about argumentative discourse in context, 2019, p. 211-236

When two- to six-year-old children contribute to argumentative discussion, how do they reason? Can Argumentation theory, a discipline that up to now has largely focused on adult expert productions, contribute to a psychological understanding of the child? And, in turn, can a close examination of children's argumentative moves contribute to the study of inference in argumentation? Our...

Public access from Oct 23, 2021
Université de Fribourg

The strength of weak leaders : an experiment on social influence and social learning in teams

Buechel, Berno ; Kloessner, Stefan ; Lochmueller, Martin ; Rauhut, Heiko

In: Experimental economics, 2019, p. 1-35

We investigate how the selection process of a leader affects team performance with respect to social learning. We use a laboratory experiment in which an incentivized guessing task is repeated in a star network with the leader at the center. Leader selection is either based on competence, on self-confidence, or made at random. In our setting, teams with random leaders do not underperform....