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Université de Fribourg

Screening for Intestinal Carriage of Extended-spectrum Beta-lactamase–producing Enterobacteriaceae in Critically Ill Patients: Expected Benefits and Evidence-based Controversies

Zahar, Jean-Ralph ; Blot, Stijn ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Martischang, Romain ; Timsit, Jean-François ; Harbarth, Stephan ; Barbier, François

In: Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2018, p. -

The rising burden of intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired infections due to extended- spectrum beta-lactamase–producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) strengthens the requirement for efficient prevention strategies. The detection of intestinal carriage of ESBL-E through active surveillance cultures (ASC) and the implementation of contact precautions (CP) in carriers are currently advocated in...

Université de Fribourg

How do the global stock markets influence one another? Evidence from finance big data and Granger causality directed network

Tang, Yong ; Xiong, Jason Jie ; Luo, Yong ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 2019, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 85–109

The recent financial network analysis approach reveals that the topologies of financial markets have an important influence on market dynamics. However, the majority of existing Finance Big Data networks are built as undirected networks without information on the influence directions among prices. Rather than understanding the correlations, this research applies the Granger causality test to...

Université de Fribourg

Multi-brand loyalty in consumer markets : a qualitatively-driven mixed methods approach

Arifine, Ghizlane ; Felix, Reto ; Furrer, Olivier

(Working Papers SES ; 501)

Purpose—Although multi-brand loyalty (MBL) in consumer markets has been identified in previous brand loyalty research, empirical studies have not yet explored the facets of its different types. This article seeks a deeper understanding of MBL by investigating its different types and facets. Design/methodology/approach—This study uses a sequential, qualitatively-driven mixed method design...

Université de Fribourg

Complexities in financial network topological dynamics: modeling of emerging and developed stock markets

Tang, Yong ; Xiong, Jason Jie ; Jia, Zi-Yang ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Complexity, 2018, p. -

Policy makings and regulations of financial markets rely on a good understanding of the complexity of financial markets. There have been recent advances in applying data-driven science and network theory into the studies of social and financial systems. Financial assets and institutions are strongly connected and influence each other. It is essential to study how the topological structures of...

Université de Fribourg

Estimating economic benefits of biological control of Ambrosia artemisiifolia by Ophraella communa in southeastern France

Mouttet, Raphaelle ; Augustinus, Benno ; Bonini, Maira ; Chauvel, Bruno ; Desneux, Nicolas ; Gachet, Emmanuel ; Le Bourgeois, Thomas ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Thibaudon, Michel ; Schaffner, Urs

In: Basic and Applied Ecology, 2018, vol. 33, p. 14–24

The North American common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, which produces highly allergenic pollen, is invasive in different parts of the world, including Europe. In 2013, common ragweed in northern Italy was found attacked by another accidentally introduced species, the North American leaf beetle Ophraella communa, which is used for biological control of common ragweed in China. Since the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Integrating anti-money laundering compliance duties into the banking culture

Sandulescu, Mihaela ; Barone Adesi, Giovanni (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2016 ; 2016ECO011.

This thesis sets out to investigate whether the anti-money laundering (AML) compliance duties have been integrated into the banking culture. The first two chapters briefly present the Swiss AML framework and relevant numbers. Using survey data from 52 respondents, Chapter 3 presents evidence on how banks coped with compliance requests, starting from the internal due diligence and reporting...

Université de Neuchâtel

La gestion durable des sols agricoles : sécuriser les démarches ou légitimer les controverses ? L’exemple des politiques agroenvironnementales autour de l’érosion hydrique des sols arables en Suisse

Derungs, Nicolas ; Hertz, Ellen (Dir.) ; Mitchell, Edward (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018 ; TH. 2722.

This interdisciplinary dissertation (combining natural, political and social sciences) focuses on the sustainable management of agricultural soils. More specifically, it tackles Swiss environmental and agricultural policies for qualitative soil protection and the accompanying measures to limit water erosion of arable lands. Aiming to launch sustained debate and reflection about the dominant...

Haute école de gestion de Genève

Should Swiss pension funds implement long-­ term financial derivative instruments to reduce their longevity risk?

Turin, Vincent ; Courbage, Christophe (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2018 ; TDIBM 47.

During the last decades, the Swiss population has been experiencing an increase in life expectancy. Switzerland has seen a change in the structure of its population. In 1900, the proportion of people aged below 20 years old was 40.7% of the total Swiss population, whereas in 2016, this percentage was of 20.1%. In contrast, the proportion of people aged over 60 years old has increased...

Université de Neuchâtel

Pension fund governance in Switzerland

Bregnard, Nadège ; Salva, Carolina (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018 ; 2702.

This thesis studies the internal governance of pension funds with evidence from Switzerland. It is composed of four chapters. Chapter 1 describes the current Swiss occupational pension system with a focus on its governance aspects. It documents in details how the various and different Swiss pension funds are organised and identifies six key structure characteristics to classify them. Chapter 2...

Haute école de gestion de Genève

What are the benefits and risks related to the feasibility of opening a crèche in Geneva?

Oliveira Carneiro, Diana Cristina ; Connerton, Timothy (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2018 ; TDIBM 42.

Childcare aims at providing a high-quality care of the children, allowing the parents to better reconcile professional and personal life. Childcare institutions are expected to choose their educational program in a manner that it helps the child to develop emotional, social, cognitive and physical skills. Theory proves that a high-quality childcare has a positive impact on the child’s...